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Professor Claire Belcher

Professor Claire Belcher

Professor and Chair in Wildland Fire

 6474

 Laver Building 706

 

Laver Building, University of Exeter, North Park Road, Exeter, EX4 4QE, UK

 Office hours:

Tuesdays 10-11am

Wednesdays 1-2pm

Overview

Claire is an Earth scientist specialising in the study of natural fires in the Earth system. Her research seeks to understand the impact of fires on ecosystems and the longer-term functioning of our planet. Claire is PI of the wildFIRE Lab a European Research Council Funded Experimental wildFIRE Laboratory see https://wildfire-lab.com/ The wildFIRE Lab teams works across the fire sciences building new  understanding of the impacts of fire behaviour on ecosystems via new quantitative fire severity tools, through to understanding how variations in flammability across scales influences fire adaptations and evolutionary innovations in plants and the ability of wildfires to influence feedbacks to Earth system processes.

Claire teaches a 3rd year module entitle 'Fire Ecology and Fire Management'

Her personal wildFIRE Lab web pages are kept up to date so please refer to https://wildfire-lab.com/ for more detailed information on the teams research and for our most up-to-date Publication List see https://wildfire-lab.com/publications-2/ (because symplectic sometimes appears to take a while to add publications to this website!)

Broad Research Specialisms:

Fire and the Earth System

Fire Behaviour

Fire Severity

Qualifications

PhD, Geology, Royal Holloway University of London, U.K. 2005
MSc, Micropalaeontology, University College London, U.K. 2001
BSc, Geology, Royal Holloway University of London, U.K. 2000

Career

Jan 2018 | Professor and Chair in Wildland Fire, Dept. Geography U. Exeter

March 2015 | Associate Professor, Dept. Geography U. Exeter

Jan 2012 | Senior Lecturer Dept. Geography U. Exeter

Jan. 2011 – July 2011 | Visiting Lecturer Botany and Plant Science, NUI Galway

Oct. 2010 – Sept. 2012 | Marie Curie Experienced Research Fellow, School of Geosciences and BRE Centre for Fire Safety Engineering, The University of Edinburgh and transferred to the University of Exeter (on being offered a permanent position).

July 2007 – Sept. 2010 | Marie Curie Experienced Research Fellow, Program for Experimental Atmospheres and Climate, University College Dublin.

Links

Research

Research interests

The research of the wildFIRE Lab focuses on combining the evolutionary history of our planet with modern fire science in order to understand the role that wildfires play in balancing the processes that make Earth habitable. I am an experimental scientist and am the founder and director of the U. Exeter wildFIRE Lab www.wildfire-lab.com

The wildFIRE Lab comprises equipment that is typically used in fire safety engineering in the design of materials used for construction and the aviation industry that I have adapted for the study of wildfires. Together the wildFIRE Lab team aims to revolutionise our ability to estimate the flammability of past and present ecosystems, toward building an understanding of how evolutionary innovations in plants link to changes in fire, shaping the life that we see on our planet today.

Research projects

SASSO - Soot Aerodynamic Size Selection for Optical Properties

ImpCHAR - characterising the energy flux from small impact cratering processes

Wildfire Risk and Fire Danger - how well do fire danger ratings compare with fire occurrence?

CHAROFLUX - A new quantitive fire-severity metric

JET - Jurassic Earth System and Timescale

ECOFLAM - The Impact of Plant Evolution on Fire Behaviour in Ancient Ecosystems

Project PyroMap - Palaeofire Danger Rating Maps and Earth's Last Major Global Warming Event

Project FILE – Fire Interactions with Life on Earth

Smouldering Earth – smouldering fires in peatland ecosystems.

Grants:

SASSO - NERC £779,234 (Co-I)

ImpCHAR - EU, MsC £195,500 (Co-I)

JET -  NERC £1,802,014 plus $1,500,000 (Co-I)

ECOFLAM (2013-2018) - The Impact of Plant Evolution on Fire Behaviour in Ancient Ecosystems. European Research Council (ERC) Starter Grant (1,519,640 euro)(PI)

Project PyroMap (2012-2016) - Palaeofire Danger Rating Maps and Earth's Last Major Global Warming Event. EU Marie Curie CIG FP7 (~ 143,000 euros)(PI)

Smouldering Earth (2011-2015) - UCD Earth Systems Institute PRTLI – (~130,000 Euro)(Co-I)

Project FILE (2010-2012) - Fire Interactions with Life on Earth. EU Marie Curie FP7 (~ 173,000 euros)(PI)

Research grants

  • 2013 ERC Starter Grant
    ERC Starter Grant - ECOFLAM. The Impact of Plant Evolution on Fire Behaviour in Ancient Ecosystems

Links


Publications

Key publications | Publications by category | Publications by year

Key publications


Belcher CM, Hudspith VA (2017). Changes to Cretaceous surface fire behaviour influenced the spread of the early angiosperms. New Phytologist, 213(3), 1521-1532. Abstract.  Full text.
Baker SJ, Hesselbo SP, Lenton TM, Duarte LV, Belcher CM (2017). Charcoal evidence that rising atmospheric oxygen terminated Early Jurassic ocean anoxia. Nature Communications Full text.
He T, Belcher CM, Lamont BB, Lim SL (2015). A 350-million-year legacy of fire adaptation among conifers. Journal of Ecology Abstract.  Full text.
Simpson KJ, Ripley BS, Christin P-A, Belcher CM, Lehmann CER, Thomas GH, Osborne CP (2015). Determinants of flammability in savanna grass species. Journal of Ecology, 104(1), 138-148. Full text.

Publications by category


Books

Belcher CM (2013). Fire Phenomena and the Earth System: an Interdisciplinary Guide to Fire Science., Wiley.

Journal articles

New SL, Belcher C, Hudspith VA, Gallego-Sala AV (In Press). Holocene fire history: can evidence of peat burning be found in the palaeo-archive?. Mires and Peat, 18, 1-11. Abstract.  Full text.
Belcher CM (In Press). The influence of leaf morphology on litter flammability and its utility for interpreting palaeofire. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London: Biological Sciences Full text.
Boulton CA, Belcher CM (2019). A novel approach for predicting the probability of ignition of palaeofires using fossil leaf assemblages. Palaeontology, 62(5), 715-730. Abstract.
Baker SJ, Belcher CM, Barclay RS, Hesselbo SP, Laurin J, Sageman BB (2019). CO2-induced climate forcing on the fire record during the initiation of Cretaceous oceanic anoxic event 2. Geological Society of America Bulletin
Walding NG, Williams HTP, McGarvie S, Belcher CM (2018). A comparison of the US National Fire Danger Rating System (NFDRS) with recorded fire occurrence and final fire size. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 27(2), 99-113. Abstract.
Archibald S, Lehmann CER, Belcher CM, Bond WJ, Bradstock RA, Daniau A-L, Dexter KG, Ferrestel EJ, Greve M, He T, et al (2018). Biological and geophysical feedbacks with fire in the Earth system. Environmental Research Letters, 13 Full text.
Hudspith VA, Hadden RM, Bartlett AI, Belcher CM (2018). Does fuel type influence the amount of charcoal produced in wildfires? Implications for the fossil record. Palaeontology, 61(2), 159-171. Abstract.
Doerr SH, Santín C, Merino A, Belcher CM, Baxter G (2018). Fire as a Removal Mechanism of Pyrogenic Carbon from the Environment: Effects of Fire and Pyrogenic Carbon Characteristics. Frontiers in Earth Science, 6 Abstract.  Full text.
Crawford AJ, Baker SJ, Belcher CM (2018). Fossil charcoals from the Lower Jurassic challenge assumptions about charcoal morphology and identification. Palaeontology, 61(1), 49-56. Abstract.
Haworth M, Belcher CM, Killi D, Dewhirst RA, Materassi A, Raschi A, Centritto M (2018). Impaired photosynthesis and increased leaf construction costs may induce floral stress during episodes of global warming over macroevolutionary timescales. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 8 Author URL.
Haworth M, Belcher CM, Killi D, Dewhirst RA, Materassi A, Raschi A, Centritto M (2018). Impaired photosynthesis and increased leaf construction costs may induce floral stress during episodes of global warming over macroevolutionary timescales (vol 8, 6206, 2018). SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 8 Author URL.
New SL, Hudspith VA, Belcher CM (2018). Quantitative charcoal reflectance measurements better link to regrowth potential than ground-based fire-severity assessments following a recent heathland wildfire at Carn Brea, Cornwall, UK. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 27(12), 845-850. Abstract.  Full text.
Belcher CM, New SL, Santín C, Doerr SH, Dewhirst RA, Grosvenor MJ, Hudspith VA (2018). What can charcoal reflectance tell us about energy release in wildfires and the properties of pyrogenic carbon?. Frontiers in Earth Science, 6 Abstract.  Full text.
Belcher CM, Hudspith VA (2017). Changes to Cretaceous surface fire behaviour influenced the spread of the early angiosperms. New Phytologist, 213(3), 1521-1532. Abstract.  Full text.
Baker SJ, Hesselbo SP, Lenton TM, Duarte LV, Belcher CM (2017). Charcoal evidence that rising atmospheric oxygen terminated Early Jurassic ocean anoxia. Nature Communications Full text.
Hudspith VA, Belcher CM, Barnes J, Dash CB, Kelly R, Hu FS (2017). Charcoal reflectance suggests heating duration and fuel moisture affected burn severity in four Alaskan tundra wildfires. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF WILDLAND FIRE, 26(4), 306-316. Author URL.
Prat-Guitart N, Belcher CM, Thompson DK, Burns P, Yearsley JM (2017). Fine-scale distribution of moisture in the surface of a degraded blanket bog and its effects on the potential spread of smouldering fire. Ecohydrology, 10(8). Abstract.
Hudspith VA, Belcher CM (2017). Fire biases the production of charred flowers: Implications for the Cretaceous fossil record. Geology, 45(8), 727-730. Abstract.
Hudspith VA, Belcher CM (2017). Observations of the structural changes that occur during charcoalification: implications for identifying charcoal in the fossil record. Palaeontology, 60(4), 503-510. Abstract.
Mills BJW, Belcher CM, Lenton TM, Newton RJ (2016). A modeling case for high atmospheric oxygen concentrations during the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. Geology, 44(12), 1023-1026. Abstract.
Prat-Guitart N, Rein G, Hadden RM, Belcher CM, Yearsley JM (2016). Effects of spatial heterogeneity in moisture content on the horizontal spread of peat fires. Sci Total Environ, 572, 1422-1430. Abstract.  Author URL.
Roos CI, Scott AC, Belcher CM, Chaloner WG, Aylen J, Bird RB, Coughlan MR, Johnson BR, Johnston FH, McMorrow J, et al (2016). Living on a flammable planet: Interdisciplinary, cross-scalar and varied cultural lessons, prospects and challenges. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371(1696). Abstract.
Prat-Guitart N, Rein G, Hadden RM, Belcher CM, Yearsley JM (2016). Propagation probability and spread rates of self-sustained smouldering fires under controlled moisture content and bulk density conditions. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF WILDLAND FIRE, 25(4), 456-465. Author URL.
Belcher CM, Hudspith VA (2016). The formation of charcoal reflectance and its potential use in post-fire assessments. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 25(7), 775-779. Abstract.  Full text.
Scott AC, Chaloner WG, Belcher CM, Roos CI (2016). The interaction of fire and mankind. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371(1696).
Scott AC, Chaloner WG, Belcher CM, Roos CI (2016). The interaction of fire and mankind: Introduction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371(1696). Abstract.
He T, Belcher CM, Lamont BB, Lim SL (2015). A 350-million-year legacy of fire adaptation among conifers. Journal of Ecology Abstract.  Full text.
Belcher CM, Hadden RM, Rein G, Morgan JV, Artemieva N, Artemieva N, Goldin T (2015). An experimental assessment of the ignition of forest fuels by the thermal pulse generated by the cretaceous–palaeogene impact at chicxulub. Journal of the Geological Society, 172(2), 175-185. Abstract.  Full text.
Crawford AJ, Belcher CM (2015). Area–volume relationships for fossil charcoal and their relevance for fire history reconstruction. The Holocene, 26(5), 822-826.
Hudspith VA, Belcher CM, Kelly R, Hu FS (2015). Charcoal reflectance reveals early holocene boreal deciduous forests burned at high intensities. PLoS One, 10(4). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Simpson KJ, Ripley BS, Christin P-A, Belcher CM, Lehmann CER, Thomas GH, Osborne CP (2015). Determinants of flammability in savanna grass species. Journal of Ecology, 104(1), 138-148. Full text.
Hudspith VA, Rimmer SM, Belcher CM (2015). Latest Permian chars may derive from wildfires, not coal combustion: REPLY. Geology Forum, 43(5), p. e363-p. e363. Full text.
Mander L, Baker SJ, Belcher CM, Haselhorst DS, Rodriguez J, Thorn JL, Tiwari S, Urrego DH, Wesseln CJ, Punyasena SW, et al (2014). Accuracy and consistency of grass pollen identification by human analysts using electron micrographs of surface ornamentation. Appl Plant Sci, 2(8). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Crawford AJ, Belcher CM (2014). Charcoal morphometry for paleoecological analysis: the effects of fuel type and transportation on morphological parameters. Appl Plant Sci, 2(8). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Hudspith VA, Belcher CM, Yearsley JM (2014). Charring temperatures are driven by the fuel types burned in a peatland wildfire. Frontiers in Plant Science, 5(DEC). Abstract.  Full text.
Hudspith VA, Rimmer SM, Belcher CM (2014). Latest Permian chars may derive from wildfires, not coal combustion. Geology, 42(10), 879-882. Abstract.  Full text.
Zaccone C, Rein G, D'Orazio V, Hadden RM, Belcher CM, Miano TM (2014). Smouldering fire signatures in peat and their implications for palaeoenvironmental reconstructions. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 137, 134-146. Abstract.
Hesselbo SP, Bjerrum CJ, Hinnov LA, MacNiocaill C, Miller KG, Riding JB, van de Schootbrugge B, Mochras Revisited Science Team (2013). Mochras borehole revisited: a new global standard for Early Jurassic earth history. Scientific Drilling, 16, 81-91. Full text.
Belcher CM, Punyasena SW, Sivaguru M (2013). Novel application of confocal laser scanning microscopy and 3D volume rendering toward improving the resolution of the fossil record of charcoal. PLoS One, 8(8). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Belcher CM (2013). Preface. Fire Phenomena and the Earth System: an Interdisciplinary Guide to Fire Science
Hadden RM, Rein G, Belcher CM (2013). Study of the competing chemical reactions in the initiation and spread of smouldering combustion in peat. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 34(2), 2547-2553. Abstract.
He T, Pausas JG, Belcher CM, Schwilk DW, Lamont BB (2012). Fire‐adapted traits of Pinus arose in the fiery Cretaceous. New Phytologist, 194(3), 751-759. Abstract.
Bacon KL, Belcher CM, Hesselbo SP, McElwain JC (2011). The Triassic-Jurassic Boundary Carbon-Isoptope Excursions Expressed in Taxonically Identified Leaf Cuticles. PALAIOS, 26, 461-469.
Belcher CM, Yearsley JM, Hadden RM, McElwain JC, Rein G (2010). Baseline Intrinsic Flammability of Earth’s Ecosystems Estimated from Paleoatmospheric Oxygen over the Past 350 Million Years. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107, 22448-22453.
Belcher CM (2010). From Fiery Beginnings: Wildfires Facilitated the Spread of Angiosperms in the Cretaceous. New Phytologist(188), 913-915.
Belcher CM, Mander L, Rein G, Jervis FX, Haworth M, Glasspool IJ, Hesselbo SP, McElwain JC (2010). Increased Fire Activity at the Triassic/Jurassic Boundary in Greenland due to Climate-Driven Floral Change. Nature Geoscience, 3, 426-429.
Belcher CM, Finch P, Collinson ME, Scott AC, Grassineau NV (2009). Geochemical Evidence for Combustion of Hydrocarbons During the K-T Impact Event. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106, 4112-4117.
Belcher CM (2009). Reigniting the Cretaceous-Palaeogene Firestorm Debate. Geology, 37, 1147-1148.
Harvey MC, Brassell SC, Belcher CM, Montanari A (2008). Combustion of Fossil Organic Matter at the K-P Boundary. Geology, 36, 335-358.
Belcher CM, McElwain JC (2008). Limits for Combustion in Low O2 Redefine Paleoatmospheric Predictions for the Mesozoic. Science, 321, 1197-1200.
Morgan J, Lana C, Kearsley A, Coles B, Belcher CM, Montanari S, Dias E, Barbosa E, Neumann V (2006). Analyses of Shocked Quartz at the Global K-P Boundary Indicate an Origin from a Single, High- Angle, Oblique Impact at Chicxulub. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 251, 264-279.
Belcher CM, Collinson ME, Scott AC (2005). Constraints on the Thermal Power Released from the Chicxulub Impactor: New Evidence from Multi-Method Charcoal Analysis. Journal of the Geological Society of London, 162, 591-602.
Belcher CM, Collinson ME, Sweet AR, Hildebrand AR, Scott AC (2004). Reply to comment on Fireball Passes and Nothing Burns - the Role of Thermal Radiation in the K-T Event: Evidence from the Charcoal Record of North America by Robertson et al.. Geology, 32, e50-e51.
Belcher CM, Collinson ME, Sweet AR, Hildebrand AR, Scott AC (2003). Fireball Passes and Nothing Burns - the Role of Thermal Radiation in the K-T Event: Evidence from the Charcoal Record of North America. Geology, 31, 1061-1064.

Chapters

Torrence K, Switzer C, Carvel R, Hadden RM, Belcher CM (In Press). Self-sustained smouldering combustion of a coal-waster heap in central Scotland. In Stracher GB, Prakash A, Sokol EV (Eds.) .
Prat-Guitart N, Nugent C, Mullen E, Mitchell FJG, Hawthorne D, Belcher CM, Yearsley JM (2018). History of irish peatland fires. In  (Ed) Coal and Peat Fires: a Global Perspective, 452-482.
Prat-Guitart N, Hadden RM, Belcher CM, Rein G, Yearsley JM (2015). Infrared Image Analysis as a Tool for Studying the Horizontal Smoldering Propagation of Laboratory Peat Fires. In  (Ed) Coal and Peat Fires: a Global Perspective, 121-139.  Abstract.
Belcher CM, Collinson ME, Scott AC (2013). A 450-Million-Year History of Fire. In Belcher CM (Ed) Fire Phenomena and the Earth System: an interdisciplinary Guide to Fire Science, Wiley, 229-229.
Belcher CM, Mander L (2012). Catastrophe: Extraterrestrial Impacts, Massive Volcanism and the Biosphere. In Henderson-Sellers A, McGuffie K (Eds.) Future Climates of the World, 463-485.
Belcher CM (2006). Impacts and Wildfires - an Analysis of the K-T Event. In Cockell C, Koerberl C, Gilmour I (Eds.) Biological Processes Associated with Impact Events, Springer, 221-243.

Conferences

Losiak A, Belcher C, Hudspith V, Bronikowska M, Zhu M, Joeleht A, Plado J, Wilk J (2016). KAALI IMPACT CRATER: IMPACT-PRODUCED CHARCOAL SHEDS LIGHT ON THE PROCESSES ASSOCIATED WITH THE FORMATION OF SMALL CRATERS.  Author URL.

Publications by year


In Press

New SL, Belcher C, Hudspith VA, Gallego-Sala AV (In Press). Holocene fire history: can evidence of peat burning be found in the palaeo-archive?. Mires and Peat, 18, 1-11. Abstract.  Full text.
Torrence K, Switzer C, Carvel R, Hadden RM, Belcher CM (In Press). Self-sustained smouldering combustion of a coal-waster heap in central Scotland. In Stracher GB, Prakash A, Sokol EV (Eds.) .
Belcher CM (In Press). The influence of leaf morphology on litter flammability and its utility for interpreting palaeofire. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London: Biological Sciences Full text.

2019

Boulton CA, Belcher CM (2019). A novel approach for predicting the probability of ignition of palaeofires using fossil leaf assemblages. Palaeontology, 62(5), 715-730. Abstract.
Baker SJ, Belcher CM, Barclay RS, Hesselbo SP, Laurin J, Sageman BB (2019). CO2-induced climate forcing on the fire record during the initiation of Cretaceous oceanic anoxic event 2. Geological Society of America Bulletin
Pointer R (2019). Fire & Global Change During Key Intervals of the Late Triassic & Early Jurassic with a Focus on the Central Polish Basin.  Abstract.  Full text.

2018

Walding NG, Williams HTP, McGarvie S, Belcher CM (2018). A comparison of the US National Fire Danger Rating System (NFDRS) with recorded fire occurrence and final fire size. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 27(2), 99-113. Abstract.
Archibald S, Lehmann CER, Belcher CM, Bond WJ, Bradstock RA, Daniau A-L, Dexter KG, Ferrestel EJ, Greve M, He T, et al (2018). Biological and geophysical feedbacks with fire in the Earth system. Environmental Research Letters, 13 Full text.
Hudspith VA, Hadden RM, Bartlett AI, Belcher CM (2018). Does fuel type influence the amount of charcoal produced in wildfires? Implications for the fossil record. Palaeontology, 61(2), 159-171. Abstract.
Doerr SH, Santín C, Merino A, Belcher CM, Baxter G (2018). Fire as a Removal Mechanism of Pyrogenic Carbon from the Environment: Effects of Fire and Pyrogenic Carbon Characteristics. Frontiers in Earth Science, 6 Abstract.  Full text.
Crawford AJ, Baker SJ, Belcher CM (2018). Fossil charcoals from the Lower Jurassic challenge assumptions about charcoal morphology and identification. Palaeontology, 61(1), 49-56. Abstract.
Prat-Guitart N, Nugent C, Mullen E, Mitchell FJG, Hawthorne D, Belcher CM, Yearsley JM (2018). History of irish peatland fires. In  (Ed) Coal and Peat Fires: a Global Perspective, 452-482.
Haworth M, Belcher CM, Killi D, Dewhirst RA, Materassi A, Raschi A, Centritto M (2018). Impaired photosynthesis and increased leaf construction costs may induce floral stress during episodes of global warming over macroevolutionary timescales. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 8 Author URL.
Haworth M, Belcher CM, Killi D, Dewhirst RA, Materassi A, Raschi A, Centritto M (2018). Impaired photosynthesis and increased leaf construction costs may induce floral stress during episodes of global warming over macroevolutionary timescales (vol 8, 6206, 2018). SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 8 Author URL.
New SL, Hudspith VA, Belcher CM (2018). Quantitative charcoal reflectance measurements better link to regrowth potential than ground-based fire-severity assessments following a recent heathland wildfire at Carn Brea, Cornwall, UK. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 27(12), 845-850. Abstract.  Full text.
Belcher CM, New SL, Santín C, Doerr SH, Dewhirst RA, Grosvenor MJ, Hudspith VA (2018). What can charcoal reflectance tell us about energy release in wildfires and the properties of pyrogenic carbon?. Frontiers in Earth Science, 6 Abstract.  Full text.

2017

Belcher CM, Hudspith VA (2017). Changes to Cretaceous surface fire behaviour influenced the spread of the early angiosperms. New Phytologist, 213(3), 1521-1532. Abstract.  Full text.
Baker SJ, Hesselbo SP, Lenton TM, Duarte LV, Belcher CM (2017). Charcoal evidence that rising atmospheric oxygen terminated Early Jurassic ocean anoxia. Nature Communications Full text.
Hudspith VA, Belcher CM, Barnes J, Dash CB, Kelly R, Hu FS (2017). Charcoal reflectance suggests heating duration and fuel moisture affected burn severity in four Alaskan tundra wildfires. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF WILDLAND FIRE, 26(4), 306-316. Author URL.
Prat-Guitart N, Belcher CM, Thompson DK, Burns P, Yearsley JM (2017). Fine-scale distribution of moisture in the surface of a degraded blanket bog and its effects on the potential spread of smouldering fire. Ecohydrology, 10(8). Abstract.
Hudspith VA, Belcher CM (2017). Fire biases the production of charred flowers: Implications for the Cretaceous fossil record. Geology, 45(8), 727-730. Abstract.
Hudspith VA, Belcher CM (2017). Observations of the structural changes that occur during charcoalification: implications for identifying charcoal in the fossil record. Palaeontology, 60(4), 503-510. Abstract.

2016

Mills BJW, Belcher CM, Lenton TM, Newton RJ (2016). A modeling case for high atmospheric oxygen concentrations during the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. Geology, 44(12), 1023-1026. Abstract.
Prat-Guitart N, Rein G, Hadden RM, Belcher CM, Yearsley JM (2016). Effects of spatial heterogeneity in moisture content on the horizontal spread of peat fires. Sci Total Environ, 572, 1422-1430. Abstract.  Author URL.
Losiak A, Belcher C, Hudspith V, Bronikowska M, Zhu M, Joeleht A, Plado J, Wilk J (2016). KAALI IMPACT CRATER: IMPACT-PRODUCED CHARCOAL SHEDS LIGHT ON THE PROCESSES ASSOCIATED WITH THE FORMATION OF SMALL CRATERS.  Author URL.
Roos CI, Scott AC, Belcher CM, Chaloner WG, Aylen J, Bird RB, Coughlan MR, Johnson BR, Johnston FH, McMorrow J, et al (2016). Living on a flammable planet: Interdisciplinary, cross-scalar and varied cultural lessons, prospects and challenges. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371(1696). Abstract.
Prat-Guitart N, Rein G, Hadden RM, Belcher CM, Yearsley JM (2016). Propagation probability and spread rates of self-sustained smouldering fires under controlled moisture content and bulk density conditions. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF WILDLAND FIRE, 25(4), 456-465. Author URL.
Belcher CM, Hudspith VA (2016). The formation of charcoal reflectance and its potential use in post-fire assessments. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 25(7), 775-779. Abstract.  Full text.
Scott AC, Chaloner WG, Belcher CM, Roos CI (2016). The interaction of fire and mankind. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371(1696).
Scott AC, Chaloner WG, Belcher CM, Roos CI (2016). The interaction of fire and mankind: Introduction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371(1696). Abstract.

2015

He T, Belcher CM, Lamont BB, Lim SL (2015). A 350-million-year legacy of fire adaptation among conifers. Journal of Ecology Abstract.  Full text.
Belcher CM, Hadden RM, Rein G, Morgan JV, Artemieva N, Artemieva N, Goldin T (2015). An experimental assessment of the ignition of forest fuels by the thermal pulse generated by the cretaceous–palaeogene impact at chicxulub. Journal of the Geological Society, 172(2), 175-185. Abstract.  Full text.
Crawford AJ, Belcher CM (2015). Area–volume relationships for fossil charcoal and their relevance for fire history reconstruction. The Holocene, 26(5), 822-826.
Hudspith VA, Belcher CM, Kelly R, Hu FS (2015). Charcoal reflectance reveals early holocene boreal deciduous forests burned at high intensities. PLoS One, 10(4). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Simpson KJ, Ripley BS, Christin P-A, Belcher CM, Lehmann CER, Thomas GH, Osborne CP (2015). Determinants of flammability in savanna grass species. Journal of Ecology, 104(1), 138-148. Full text.
Prat-Guitart N, Hadden RM, Belcher CM, Rein G, Yearsley JM (2015). Infrared Image Analysis as a Tool for Studying the Horizontal Smoldering Propagation of Laboratory Peat Fires. In  (Ed) Coal and Peat Fires: a Global Perspective, 121-139.  Abstract.
Hudspith VA, Rimmer SM, Belcher CM (2015). Latest Permian chars may derive from wildfires, not coal combustion: REPLY. Geology Forum, 43(5), p. e363-p. e363. Full text.

2014

Mander L, Baker SJ, Belcher CM, Haselhorst DS, Rodriguez J, Thorn JL, Tiwari S, Urrego DH, Wesseln CJ, Punyasena SW, et al (2014). Accuracy and consistency of grass pollen identification by human analysts using electron micrographs of surface ornamentation. Appl Plant Sci, 2(8). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Crawford AJ, Belcher CM (2014). Charcoal morphometry for paleoecological analysis: the effects of fuel type and transportation on morphological parameters. Appl Plant Sci, 2(8). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Hudspith VA, Belcher CM, Yearsley JM (2014). Charring temperatures are driven by the fuel types burned in a peatland wildfire. Frontiers in Plant Science, 5(DEC). Abstract.  Full text.
Hudspith VA, Rimmer SM, Belcher CM (2014). Latest Permian chars may derive from wildfires, not coal combustion. Geology, 42(10), 879-882. Abstract.  Full text.
Zaccone C, Rein G, D'Orazio V, Hadden RM, Belcher CM, Miano TM (2014). Smouldering fire signatures in peat and their implications for palaeoenvironmental reconstructions. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 137, 134-146. Abstract.

2013

Belcher CM, Collinson ME, Scott AC (2013). A 450-Million-Year History of Fire. In Belcher CM (Ed) Fire Phenomena and the Earth System: an interdisciplinary Guide to Fire Science, Wiley, 229-229.
Belcher CM (2013). Fire Phenomena and the Earth System: an Interdisciplinary Guide to Fire Science., Wiley.
Hesselbo SP, Bjerrum CJ, Hinnov LA, MacNiocaill C, Miller KG, Riding JB, van de Schootbrugge B, Mochras Revisited Science Team (2013). Mochras borehole revisited: a new global standard for Early Jurassic earth history. Scientific Drilling, 16, 81-91. Full text.
Belcher CM, Punyasena SW, Sivaguru M (2013). Novel application of confocal laser scanning microscopy and 3D volume rendering toward improving the resolution of the fossil record of charcoal. PLoS One, 8(8). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Belcher CM (2013). Preface. Fire Phenomena and the Earth System: an Interdisciplinary Guide to Fire Science
Hadden RM, Rein G, Belcher CM (2013). Study of the competing chemical reactions in the initiation and spread of smouldering combustion in peat. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 34(2), 2547-2553. Abstract.

2012

Belcher CM, Mander L (2012). Catastrophe: Extraterrestrial Impacts, Massive Volcanism and the Biosphere. In Henderson-Sellers A, McGuffie K (Eds.) Future Climates of the World, 463-485.
He T, Pausas JG, Belcher CM, Schwilk DW, Lamont BB (2012). Fire‐adapted traits of Pinus arose in the fiery Cretaceous. New Phytologist, 194(3), 751-759. Abstract.

2011

Bacon KL, Belcher CM, Hesselbo SP, McElwain JC (2011). The Triassic-Jurassic Boundary Carbon-Isoptope Excursions Expressed in Taxonically Identified Leaf Cuticles. PALAIOS, 26, 461-469.

2010

Belcher CM, Yearsley JM, Hadden RM, McElwain JC, Rein G (2010). Baseline Intrinsic Flammability of Earth’s Ecosystems Estimated from Paleoatmospheric Oxygen over the Past 350 Million Years. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107, 22448-22453.
Belcher CM (2010). From Fiery Beginnings: Wildfires Facilitated the Spread of Angiosperms in the Cretaceous. New Phytologist(188), 913-915.
Belcher CM, Mander L, Rein G, Jervis FX, Haworth M, Glasspool IJ, Hesselbo SP, McElwain JC (2010). Increased Fire Activity at the Triassic/Jurassic Boundary in Greenland due to Climate-Driven Floral Change. Nature Geoscience, 3, 426-429.

2009

Belcher CM, Finch P, Collinson ME, Scott AC, Grassineau NV (2009). Geochemical Evidence for Combustion of Hydrocarbons During the K-T Impact Event. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106, 4112-4117.
Belcher CM (2009). Reigniting the Cretaceous-Palaeogene Firestorm Debate. Geology, 37, 1147-1148.

2008

Harvey MC, Brassell SC, Belcher CM, Montanari A (2008). Combustion of Fossil Organic Matter at the K-P Boundary. Geology, 36, 335-358.
Belcher CM, McElwain JC (2008). Limits for Combustion in Low O2 Redefine Paleoatmospheric Predictions for the Mesozoic. Science, 321, 1197-1200.

2006

Morgan J, Lana C, Kearsley A, Coles B, Belcher CM, Montanari S, Dias E, Barbosa E, Neumann V (2006). Analyses of Shocked Quartz at the Global K-P Boundary Indicate an Origin from a Single, High- Angle, Oblique Impact at Chicxulub. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 251, 264-279.
Belcher CM (2006). Impacts and Wildfires - an Analysis of the K-T Event. In Cockell C, Koerberl C, Gilmour I (Eds.) Biological Processes Associated with Impact Events, Springer, 221-243.

2005

Belcher CM, Collinson ME, Scott AC (2005). Constraints on the Thermal Power Released from the Chicxulub Impactor: New Evidence from Multi-Method Charcoal Analysis. Journal of the Geological Society of London, 162, 591-602.

2004

Belcher CM, Collinson ME, Sweet AR, Hildebrand AR, Scott AC (2004). Reply to comment on Fireball Passes and Nothing Burns - the Role of Thermal Radiation in the K-T Event: Evidence from the Charcoal Record of North America by Robertson et al.. Geology, 32, e50-e51.

2003

Belcher CM, Collinson ME, Sweet AR, Hildebrand AR, Scott AC (2003). Fireball Passes and Nothing Burns - the Role of Thermal Radiation in the K-T Event: Evidence from the Charcoal Record of North America. Geology, 31, 1061-1064.

Claire_Belcher Details from cache as at 2019-12-09 11:40:40

Refresh publications

External Engagement and Impact

Awards/Honorary fellowships

Awards:

Distinguished Paper in Fire Research Award 201334th International Symposium on Combustion. The Combustion Institute for Hadden, R.M., Rein, G., Belcher, C.M. (2013). PROCI34 (2), 2547-2553.

EU Marie Curie Prize 2012 in Communicating Science – For science communication under FP6 and FP7.

Atmospheric Science Librarians International Choice Award - for “The Future of the World’s Climate” (A. Henderson-Sellers and K. McGuffie Eds).

“Best Paper for 2011” - awarded by the editors and associate editors of PALAIOS for Bacon, K.L., Belcher, C.M., Hesselbo, S.P. and McElwain, J.C. (2011) PALAIOS 24 461–469

Shortlisted Scientist Lloyds Science of Risk Competition 2010 – “Earth’s Fiery Future”

UCD Images of Research Competition 2008 - Judges Mention for “Thermal Image of Burning Sphagnum Moss”

Palaeontological Association President’s Prize - Awarded for best oral presentation by a member of the association (aged under 30). The Palaeontological Association Annual Meeting, Lille, 2004.

Publication Award - For doctoral achievement; best publication 2003 (Belcher et al., 2003), Royal Holloway University of London (RHUL).

The Tennant Medal - For highest exam scores by a final year geology B.Sc. student 2000, RHUL.

Kate and Harry Harper Chelsea Prize - For best 2nd year geology student 1999, RHUL.

Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland Student Award Winner - Highest Exam Scores 1999.

 

Fellowships:

Fellow of the Linnaean Society (FLS)

 

Current/ Recent Membership of editorial boards and conference organization

Guest Associate Chief Editor, Frontiers in Functional Plant Ecology (2014)

http://www.frontiersin.org/Functional_Plant_Ecology/researchtopics/Understanding_the_flammability/2453

Editorial Board Member - Dataset Papers in Geosciences http://www.datasets.com/journals/geosciences/editors/geology/

Organiser Royal Society Discussion Meeting and Kavli Satellite Meeting for “The Interaction of Fire and Mankind” 14-17th September 2015 Prof. Scott, Prof. Chaloner (FRS) Dr Belcher and Dr Roos.

 

Administrative Responsibiities

  • Panel and Jury member for the EU Marie Sklodowska-Curie actions prizes 

  • Geography Athena Swan Working Group, University of Exeter; September 2013-2015

  • Geography Athena Swan Core Group, University of Exeter; September 2014-2015

  • Geography Athena Swan Drafting Group, Silver Application, University of Exeter; September 2013-2014.

  • Research Group Leader for Earth System Science, University of Exeter; April 2014- September 2015

  • Module co-ordinator GEO3226 Co-Evolution of Life and the Planet, University of Exeter. September 2012-2014

 

Recent Notable Invited Presentations

  • Lecture “Ada Lovelace” talk, Norman Lockyer Observatory, Sidmouth Science Festival, Sidmouth October 2014

  • Invited talk Technical Sessions Geological Society of America Annual Meeting 2014, Vancouver

  • Keynote Pardee Symposia Geological Society of America Annual Meeting 2014, Vancouver

See http://community.geosociety.org/gsa2014/science/sessions/pardee

  • TEDx Talk Ideas without Frontiers 28th March 2014 Northcott Theatre, Exeter.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eQ94M_Cxiak

  • Lecture Devonshire Association Geology Section – Teignmouth 15th March 2014.

Teaching

Current undergraduate courses:

GEO 3241 - Fire Ecology and Fire Management

Previous Undergraduate courses taught:

GEO 1207 Earth Systems

GEO 2309 Physical Geography Practice

GEO 2223 World of Fire and Ice

GEO 3226 Co-Evolution of Life and the Planet 

 

 

Modules

2019/20


Supervision / Group

Postdoctoral researchers

Postgraduate researchers

Alumni

  • Stacey New MRes

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