Professor Gail Davies
Professor in Human Geography

Research

Research interests

New Wellcome Trust Collaborative Award: The Animal Research Nexus

We are delighted to announce a new 5 year programme of work on ‘The Animal Research Nexus: Changing Constitutions of Science, Health and Welfare’. This major grant is led by Professor Gail Davies (University of Exeter) with Dr Beth Greenhough (Oxford University), Dr Pru Hobson-West (University of Nottingham), Dr Rob Kirk (University of Manchester) and Dr Emma Roe (University of Southampton).   

Using animals in scientific research has been critical to the development of modern medicine and is contingent upon a complex, entangled network of relations and obligations across science and society. These entanglements can best be understood as the Animal Research Nexus.

This major award has three main aims: 1) to understand the historical interrelations between science, health and animal welfare 2) to identify challenges to animal research raised by scientific and social shifts around species and supply, professional roles, and patient engagements and 3) to facilitate dialogue with stakeholders, scientists and publics across the Animal Research Nexus. The overall programme seeks to identify what is required to remake the social contract around animal use in 21st century science and medicine.

Our programme is running from 2017-2022. We will be working with 5/6 post-doctoral research assistants and 2/3 PhD students, with Bentley Crudgington as creative facilitator, and engaging perspectives across the animal research nexus to answer some of the questions we raised in this collaborative paper. We will be posting information about our activities shortly. If you would like more information now, please contact us via email.

 

My other research activities focus on three main areas:

  • Ethnographic research to chart the changing geographies of laboratory animal research. This explores the spatial contexts increasingly central to the operation of the contemporary biological sciences from the internationalisation of science, the growing attention to environment in post-genomics, the increasing demands of translational medicine, to the changing architectures of animal facilities. Previous research has explored the material and discursive practices which shape how boundaries are understood and enacted in organ transplantation protocols and discussion of xenotransplantation. Insights from this research inform my work on the UK Government's Animals in Science Committee (ASC) 2013-2018.
  • Facilitating collaborative ways of working with policy and across disciplinary perspectives to inform learning and decision-making in contexts where there are plural values and scientific uncertainties. Past research includes the development of 'Deliberative Mapping' decision-support processes, with colleagues at SPRU, which integrates multi-criteria decision analysis with deliberation between citizens and stakeholders. More recently, I led the LASSH (Laboratory Animals in the Social Sciences and Humanities) network, using a structured and iterative process for developing a collaborative agenda for future humanities and social scientific research on laboratory animal science and welfare. I currently hold an ESRC Impact Fellowship exploring challenges around the characterisation of benefits in the UK Harm-Benefit Analysis of animal research.
  • Working with policy-makers, practitioners, artists and others to create and evaluate novel methods for engaging audiences with emerging issues in the biosciences. This work ranges from the generation of new visual artworks (Micespace.org with Helen Scalway), contributions to innovative art/research institutions (Center for PostNatural History, Office of Experiments), to collaborative research with Sabina Leonelli and Jim Lowe (Philosophy, Exeter) evaluating the training investments made through the British Pharmacological Society's Integrative Pharmacology Framework.

Research projects

  • Appraising Benefits in Laboratory Animal Research. An ESRC Impact Accelerator Award (2015-2017) developing the capacity for social science research to understand and inform the changing landscapes of translational biomedicine, with a specific focus on the process of appraising benefits in laboratory animal research.
  • In vivo skills training and the changing landscapes of biomedical research in the UK. A co-authored evaluation of the Integrative Pharmacology Fund (2015-2016). This research funded by the British Pharmacological Society and the project led by the University of Exeter.
  • Developing a collaborative agenda for humanities and social scientific research on laboratory animal welfare. A series of workshops funded by a Wellcome Trust Small Grant and University of Exeter Project Development Grant (2014-2015).  Co-applicants include Carrie Friese (LSE), Beth Greenhough (University of Oxford), Pru Hobson-West (University of Nottingham), Rob Kirk (University of Manchester) and Elisabeth Ormandy (UBC).
  • Making It Big? Tracing Collaboration in the Life Sciences. ESRC Genomics Forum Event (2011) with E Frow (ESRC Genomics Forum, Edinburgh) and S Leonelli (Egenis, Exeter). An international workshop developing comparative insights across projects in 'big biology’, exploring what is at stake, for both natural and social scientists, in projects seeking to rescale biology.
  • Biogeography and Transgenic Life. Three-year ESRC Research Fellowship (2007-2010) funding a series of projects exploring spatial issues in the production and coordination of mutant mouse resources, furthering understanding of international scientific collaboration, translational research and the spaces of postgenomics.
  • Locating Technoscience: Geographies of Science, Technology and Politics. ESRC Research Seminar Series (2005-2007) with B Balmer and C Thorpe (STS, UCL), A Hedgecoe (Sociology, Sussex), R Doubleday (Geography, Cambridge) and S Whatmore (OUCE, Oxford). ESRC seminar series building interdisciplinary and institutional conversations around the geographies of contemporary science and technology.
  • Deliberative Mapping: Appraising Options for Addressing ‘the Kidney Gap. Wellcome Trust Grant (2001-2003) with J Burgess and S Williamson (UCL), A Stirling and S Meyer (SPRU) and M Eames (PSI). Project developing an innovative participatory methodology, combining scientific, expert-driven risk assessment techniques and deliberative approaches to public engagement. This was tested this through a full-scale public engagement exercise on the range of future options available for the treatment of human organ failure.

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