Professor Richard Betts
Chair in Climate Impacts

Key publications | Publications by category | Publications by year

Key publications



Betts RA, Alfieri L, Bradshaw C, Caesar J, Feyen L, Friedlingstein P, Gohar L, Koutroulis A, Lewis K, Morfopoulos C, et al (2018). Changes in climate extremes, fresh water availability and vulnerability to food insecurity projected at 1.5°C and 2°C global warming with a higher-resolution global climate model. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 376(2119). Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA, Jones CD, Knight JR, Keeling RF, Kennedy JJ (2016). El Niño and a record CO 2 rise. Nature Climate Change, 6(9), 806-810. DOI.
Betts RA, Golding N, Gonzalez P, Gornall J, Kahana R, Kay G, Mitchell L, Wiltshire A (2015). Climate and land use change impacts on global terrestrial ecosystems and river flows in the HadGEM2-ES Earth system model using the representative concentration pathways. Biogeosciences, 12(5), 1317-1338. Abstract. DOI.
Betts RA, Collins M, Hemming DL, Jones CD, Lowe JA, Sanderson MG (2011). When could global warming reach 4°C?. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 369(1934), 67-84. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA, Boucher O, Collins M, Cox PM, Falloon PD, Gedney N, Hemming DL, Huntingford C, Jones CD, Sexton DMH, et al (2007). Projected increase in continental runoff due to plant responses to increasing carbon dioxide. Nature, 448(7157), 1037-1041. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA (2000). Offset of the potential carbon sink from boreal forestation by decreases in surface albedo. Nature, 408(6809), 187-190. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

Publications by category


Journal articles

Jones DB, Harrison S, Anderson K, Betts R (In Press). Mountain rock glaciers contain globally significant water stores. Scientific Reports Abstract.  Full text.
Betts RA, Alfieri L, Bradshaw C, Caesar J, Feyen L, Friedlingstein P, Gohar L, Koutroulis A, Lewis K, Morfopoulos C, et al (2018). Changes in climate extremes, fresh water availability and vulnerability to food insecurity projected at 1.5°C and 2°C global warming with a higher-resolution global climate model. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 376(2119). Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Harrison S, Kargel JS, Huggel C, Reynolds J, Shugar DH, Betts RA, Emmer A, Glasser N, Haritashya UK, Klimes J, et al (2018). Climate change and the global pattern of moraine-dammed glacial lake outburst floods. The Cryosphere Full text. DOI.
Koutroulis A, Papadimitriou L, Grillakis M, Tsanis I, Wyser K, Betts R (2018). Freshwater vulnerability under high end climate change. A pan-European assessment. Science of the Total Environment, 613-614, 271-286. DOI.
Le Quéré C, Andrew RM, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Pongratz J, Manning AC, Ivar Korsbakken J, Peters GP, Canadell JG, Jackson RB, et al (2018). Global Carbon Budget 2017. Earth System Science Data, 10(1), 405-448. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Burton C, Betts RA, Jones CD, Williams K (2018). Will fire danger be reduced by using Solar Radiation Management to limit global warming to 1.5°C compared to 2.0°C. Geophysical Research Letters Full text. DOI.
Frieler K, Lange S, Piontek F, Reyer CPO, Schewe J, Warszawski L, Zhao F, Chini L, Denvil S, Emanuel K, et al (2017). Assessing the impacts of 1.5 degrees C global warming - simulation protocol of the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP2b). GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT, 10(12), 4321-4345. Author URL. DOI.
Chang J, Ciais P, Wang X, Piao S, Asrar G, Betts R, Chevallier F, Dury M, Francois L, Frieler K, et al (2017). Benchmarking carbon fluxes of the ISIMIP2a biome models. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 12(4). Author URL. DOI.
Harrison S, Kargel JS, Huggel C, Reynolds J, Shugar DH, Betts RA, Emmer A, Glasser N, Haritashya UK, Klimeš J, et al (2017). Climate change and the global pattern of moraine-dammed glacial lake outburst floods. The Cryosphere Discussions, 1-28. Full text. DOI.
Andrews T, Betts RA, Booth BBB, Jones CD, Jones GS (2017). Effective radiative forcing from historical land use change. Climate Dynamics, 48(11-12), 3489-3505. Abstract. DOI.
Ito A, Nishina K, Reyer CPO, Francois L, Henrot A-J, Munhoven G, Jacquemin I, Tian H, Yang J, Pan S, et al (2017). Photosynthetic productivity and its efficiencies in ISIMIP2a biome models: benchmarking for impact assessment studies. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 12(8). Author URL. DOI.
Chen M, Rafique R, Asrar GR, Bond-Lamberty B, Ciais P, Zhao F, Reyer CPO, Ostberg S, Chang J, Ito A, et al (2017). Regional contribution to variability and trends of global gross primary productivity. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 12(10). Author URL. DOI.
Jones D, Harrison S, Anderson K, Selley H, Wood J, Betts R (2017). The distribution and hydrological significance of rock glaciers in the Nepalese Himalaya. Global and Planetary Change Full text.
Aragão LEOC, Marengo JA, Cox PM, Betts RA, Costa D, Kaye N, Alves L, Smith LT, Cavalcanti IFA, Sampaio G, et al (2016). Assessing the Influence of Climate Extremes on Ecosystems and Human Health in Southwestern Amazon Supported by the PULSE-Brazil Platform. American Journal of Climate Change, 05(03), 399-416. DOI.
Betts RA, Jones CD, Knight JR, Keeling RF, Kennedy JJ (2016). El Niño and a record CO 2 rise. Nature Climate Change, 6(9), 806-810. DOI.
Marengo JA, Aragão LEOC, Cox PM, Betts R, Costa D, Kaye N, Smith LT, Alves LM, Reis V (2016). Impacts of climate extremes in Brazil the development of a web platform for understanding long-term sustainability of ecosystems and human health in amazonia (pulse-Brazil). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97(8), 1341-1346. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Mitchell D, James R, Forster PM, Betts RA, Shiogama H, Allen M (2016). Realizing the impacts of a 1.5 °C warmer world. Nature Climate Change, 6(8), 735-737. DOI.
McNeall D, Williams J, Booth B, Betts R, Challenor P, Wiltshire A, Sexton D (2016). The impact of structural error on parameter constraint in a climate model. Earth System Dynamics, 7(4), 917-935. Full text. DOI.
Good P, Harper A, Meesters A, Robertson E, Betts R, Betts R (2015). Are strong fire-vegetation feedbacks needed to explain the spatial distribution of tropical tree cover?. Global Ecology and Biogeography Abstract. DOI.
Betts RA, Golding N, Gonzalez P, Gornall J, Kahana R, Kay G, Mitchell L, Wiltshire A (2015). Climate and land use change impacts on global terrestrial ecosystems and river flows in the HadGEM2-ES Earth system model using the representative concentration pathways. Biogeosciences, 12(5), 1317-1338. Abstract. DOI.
Osborne T, Gornall J, Hooker J, Williams K, Wiltshire A, Betts R, Wheeler T (2015). JULES-crop: a parametrisation of crops in the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator. Geoscientific Model Development, 8(4), 1139-1155. Abstract. DOI.
Poulter B, MacBean N, Hartley A, Khlystova I, Arino O, Betts R, Bontemps S, Boettcher M, Brockmann C, Defourny P, et al (2015). Plant functional type classification for earth system models: results from the European Space Agency's Land Cover Climate Change Initiative. Geoscientific Model Development, 8(7), 2315-2328. DOI.
Hawkins E, Anderson B, Diffenbaugh N, Mahlstein I, Betts R, Hegerl G, Joshi M, Knutti R, McNeall D, Solomon S, et al (2014). Uncertainties in the timing of unprecedented climates. Nature, 511(7507), E3-E5. DOI.
David Fereday PF (2013). Assessing Skill for Impacts in Seasonal to Decadal Climate Forecasts. Journal of Geology & Geosciences, 02(03). DOI.
Friend AD, Lucht W, Rademacher TT, Keribin R, Betts R, Cadule P, Ciais P, Clark DB, Dankers R, Falloon PD, et al (2013). Carbon residence time dominates uncertainty in terrestrial vegetation responses to future climate and atmospheric CO 2. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(9), 3280-3285. DOI.
Calzadilla A, Rehdanz K, Betts R, Falloon P, Wiltshire A, Tol RSJ (2013). Climate change impacts on global agriculture. Climatic Change, 120(1-2), 357-374. DOI.
Good P, Jones C, Lowe J, Betts R, Gedney N (2013). Comparing Tropical Forest Projections from Two Generations of Hadley Centre Earth System Models, HadGEM2-ES and HadCM3LC. JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, 26(2), 495-511. Author URL. DOI.
Davie JCS, Falloon PD, Kahana R, Dankers R, Betts R, Portmann FT, Wisser D, Clark DB, Ito A, Masaki Y, et al (2013). Comparing projections of future changes in runoff from hydrological and biome models in ISI-MIP. EARTH SYSTEM DYNAMICS, 4(2), 359-374. Author URL. DOI.
Hemming D, Betts R, Collins M (2013). Corrigendum to Sensitivity and uncertainty of modelled terrestrial net primary productivity to doubled CO2 and associated climate change for a relatively large perturbed physics ensemble [Agric. Forest Meteorol. 170 (2013) 79-88]. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 173 DOI.
Hemming D, Betts R, Collins M (2013). Sensitivity and uncertainty of modelled terrestrial net primary productivity to doubled CO2 and associated climate change for a relatively large perturbed physics ensemble (vol 170, pg 79, 2013). AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY, 173, 154-154. Author URL. DOI.
Huntingford C, Zelazowski P, Galbraith D, Mercado LM, Sitch S, Fisher R, Lomas M, Walker AP, Jones CD, Booth BBB, et al (2013). Simulated resilience of tropical rainforests to CO<inf>2</inf>-induced climate change. Nature Geoscience, 6(4), 268-273. Abstract. DOI.
Wiltshire AJ, Kay G, Gornall JL, Betts RA (2013). The impact of climate, CO<inf>2</inf> and population on regional food and water resources in the 2050s. Sustainability (Switzerland), 5(5), 2129-2151. Abstract. DOI.
Wiltshire A, Gornall J, Booth B, Dennis E, Falloon P, Kay G, McNeall D, McSweeney C, Betts R (2013). The importance of population, climate change and CO2 plant physiological forcing in determining future global water stress. Global Environmental Change, 23(5), 1083-1097. DOI.
Christidis N, Stott PA, Hegerl GC, Betts RA (2013). The role of land use change in the recent warming of daily extreme temperatures. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 40(3), 589-594. Author URL. DOI.
Maslin M, Owen M, Betts RA, Day S, Jones TD, Ridgwell A (2012). Assessing the Past and Future Stability of Global Gas Hydrate Reservoirs. , 250-277. DOI.
McColl L, Palin EJ, Thornton HE, Sexton DMH, Betts R, Mylne K (2012). Assessing the potential impact of climate change on the UK’s electricity network. Climatic Change, 115(3-4), 821-835. DOI.
Booth BBB, Jones CD, Collins M, Totterdell IJ, Cox PM, Sitch S, Huntingford C, Betts RA, Harris GR, Lloyd J, et al (2012). High sensitivity of future global warming to land carbon cycle processes. Environmental Research Letters, 7(2). Abstract. DOI.
Liggins F, Betts RA, McGuire B (2012). Projected Future Climate Changes in the Context of Geological and Geomorphological Hazards. , 34-55. DOI.
Sanderson MG, Wiltshire AJ, Betts RA (2012). Projected changes in water availability in the United Kingdom. WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, 48 Author URL. DOI.
Falloon PD, Dankers R, Betts RA, Jones CD, Booth BBB, Lambert FH (2012). Role of vegetation change in future climate under the A1B scenario and a climate stabilisation scenario, using the HadCM3C Earth system model. Biogeosciences, 9(11), 4739-4756. Abstract. DOI.
McCarthy MP, Sanjay J, Booth BBB, Kumar KK, Betts RA (2012). The influence of vegetation on the ITCZ and South Asian monsoon in HadCM3. Earth System Dynamics, 3(1), 87-96. Abstract. DOI.
Betts RA (2011). A sweetener for biofuels. Nature Climate Change, 1(2), 99-101. DOI.
McNeall D, Halloran PR, Good P, Betts RA (2011). Analyzing abrupt and nonlinear climate changes and their impacts. WILEY INTERDISCIPLINARY REVIEWS-CLIMATE CHANGE, 2(5), 663-686. Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA (2011). CLIMATE SCIENCE Afforestation cools more or less. NATURE GEOSCIENCE, 4(8), 504-505. Author URL. DOI.
Stott PA, Christidis N, Betts RA (2011). Changing return periods of weather-related impacts: the attribution challenge. CLIMATIC CHANGE, 109(3-4), 263-268. Author URL. DOI.
Hurtt GC, Chini LP, Frolking S, Betts RA, Feddema J, Fischer G, Fisk JP, Hibbard K, Houghton RA, Janetos A, et al (2011). Harmonization of land-use scenarios for the period 1500-2100: 600 years of global gridded annual land-use transitions, wood harvest, and resulting secondary lands. Climatic Change, 109(1), 117-161. Abstract. DOI.
Hurtt GC, Chini LP, Frolking S, Betts RA, Feddema J, Fischer G, Fisk JP, Hibbard K, Houghton RA, Janetos A, et al (2011). Harmonization of land-use scenarios for the period 1500-2100: 600 years of global gridded annual land-use transitions, wood harvest, and resulting secondary lands. CLIMATIC CHANGE, 109(1-2), 117-161. Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA (2011). MITIGATION a sweetener for biofuels. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE, 1(2), 99-101. Author URL. DOI.
Sanderson MG, Hemming DL, Betts RA (2011). Regional temperature and precipitation changes under high-end (>= 4 degrees C) global warming. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES, 369(1934), 85-98. Author URL. DOI.
Sanderson MG, Hemming DL, Betts RA (2011). Regional temperature and precipitation changes under warming. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 369(1934), 85-98. Abstract. DOI.
Betts RA (2011). The Science of Climate Change. , 1-31. DOI.
Betts RA, Collins M, Hemming DL, Jones CD, Lowe JA, Sanderson MG (2011). When could global warming reach 4°C?. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 369(1934), 67-84. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
McCarthy MP, Best MJ, Betts RA (2010). Climate change in cities due to global warming and urban effects. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 37 Author URL. DOI.
Liggins F, Betts RA, McGuire B (2010). Projected future climate changes in the context of geological and geomorphological hazards. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 368(1919), 2347-2367. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boucher O, Jones A, Betts RA (2009). Climate response to the physiological impact of carbon dioxide on plants in the Met Office Unified Model HadCM3. CLIMATE DYNAMICS, 32(2-3), 237-249. Author URL. DOI.
Hewitt CD, Goodess CM, Betts RA (2009). Towards probabilistic projections of climate change. PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS-MUNICIPAL ENGINEER, 162(1), 33-40. Author URL. DOI.
Huntingford C, Fisher RA, Mercado L, Booth BBB, Sitch S, Harris PP, Cox PM, Jones CD, Betts RA, Malhi Y, et al (2008). "Towards quantifying uncertainty in predictions of Amazon """"dieback""""". Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B. Author URL.  Full text.
Malhi Y, Roberts JT, Betts RA, Killeen TJ, Li W, Nobre CA (2008). Climate change, deforestation, and the fate of the Amazon. SCIENCE, 319(5860), 169-172. Author URL. DOI.
Cox PM, Harris PP, Huntingford C, Betts RA, Collins M, Jones CD, Jupp TE, Marengo JA, Nobre CA (2008). Increasing risk of Amazonian drought due to decreasing aerosol pollution. Nature, 453, 212-216. Author URL.
Cox PM, Harris PP, Huntingford C, Betts RA, Collins M, Jones CD, Jupp TE, Marengo JA, Nobre CA (2008). Increasing risk of Amazonian drought due to decreasing aerosol pollution. Nature, 453(7192), 212-215. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA, Malhi Y, Roberts JT (2008). The future of the Amazon: new perspectives from climate, ecosystem and social sciences. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 363(1498), 1729-1735. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA, Boucher O, Collins M, Cox PM, Falloon PD, Gedney N, Hemming DL, Huntingford C, Jones CD, Sexton DMH, et al (2007). Projected increase in continental runoff due to plant responses to increasing carbon dioxide. Nature, 448(7157), 1037-1041. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Gedney N, Cox PM, Betts RA, Boucher O, Huntingford C, Stott PA (2006). Continental runoff - a quality-controlled global runoff data set - Reply. NATURE, 444(7120), E14-E15. Author URL. DOI.
Gedney N, Cox PM, Betts RA, Boucher O, Huntingford C, Stott PA (2006). Detection of a direct carbon dioxide effect in continental river runoff records. Nature, 439(7078), 835-838. DOI.
Falloon PD, Betts RA (2006). The impact of climate change on global river flow in HadGEM1 simulations. ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE LETTERS, 7(3), 62-68. Author URL. DOI.
Woodward S, Roberts DL, Betts RA (2005). A simulation of the effect of climate change-induced desertification on mineral dust aerosol. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 32(18). Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA (2005). Integrated approaches to climate-crop modelling: needs and challenges. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 360(1463), 2049-2065. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Crucifix M, Betts RA, Hewitt CD (2005). Pre-industrial-potential and Last Glacial Maximum global vegetation simulated with a coupled climate-bio sphere model: Diagnosis of bioclimatic relationships. GLOBAL AND PLANETARY CHANGE, 45(4), 295-312. Author URL. DOI.
Crucifix M, Betts RA, Cox PM (2005). Vegetation and climate variability: a GCM modelling study. Climate Dynamics, 24, 457-467.
Gash,J.H.C,Huntingford,C. Morengo JA, Betts RA, Cox PM, Fisch G, Fu R, Gandu AW, Harris PP, Machado LAT, von R, et al (2004). Amazonian Climate: Results and future research. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 78, 187-193.
Cox PM, Betts RA, Collins M, Harris PP (2004). Amazonian forest dieback under climate-carbon cycle projections for the 21st century. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 78(1-3), 137-156. DOI.
Cowling SA, Betts RA, Cox PM, Ettwein VJ, Jones CD, Maslin MA, Spall SA (2004). Contrasting simulated past and future responses of the Amazonian forest to atmospheric change. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 359(1443), 539-547. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA, Cox PM, Collins M, Harris PP, Huntingford C, Jones CD (2004). The role of ecosystem-atmosphere interactions in simulated Amazonian precipitation decrease and forest dieback under global climate warming. THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY, 78(1-3), 157-175. Author URL. DOI.
Huntingford C, Harris PP, Gedney N, Cox PM, Betts RA, Marengo JA, Gash JHC (2004). Using a GCM analogue model to investigate the potential for Amazonian forest dieback. THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY, 78(1-3), 177-185. Author URL. DOI.
Essery RLH, Best MJ, Betts RA, Cox PM, Taylor CM (2003). Explicit representation of sub-grid heterogeneity in a GCM land-surface scheme. J. Hydrometorol., 4, 530-543. Full text.
Marland G, Pielke RA, Apps M, Avissar R, Betts RA, Davis KJ, Frumhoff PC, Jackson ST, Joyce LA, Kauppi P, et al (2003). The climatic impacts of land surface change and carbon management, and the implications for climate-change mitigation policy. Climate Policy, 3(2), 149-157. Abstract. DOI.
Betts RA (2001). Biogeophysical impacts of land use on present-day climate: Near-surface temperature change and radiative forcing. Atmospheric Science Letters, 2(1-4), 1-13. Abstract. DOI.
Cramer W, Bondeau A, Woodward FI, Prentice IC, Betts RA, Brovkin V, Cox PM, Fisher V, Foley JA, Friend AD, et al (2001). Global response of terrestrial ecosystem structure and function to CO2 and climate change: results from six dynamic global vegetation models. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, 7(4), 357-373. Author URL. DOI.
Cox PM, Betts RA, Jones CD, Spall SA, Totterdell IJ (2000). Acceleration of global warming due to carbon cycle feedbacks in a coupled climate model. Nature, 408, 184-187.
Cox PM, Betts RA, Jones CD, Spall SA, Totterdell IJ (2000). Acceleration of global warming due to carbon-cycle feedbacks in a coupled climate model (vol 408, pg 184, 2000). NATURE, 408(6813), 750-750. Author URL. DOI.
Douville H, Planton S, Royer J-F, Stephenson DB, Tyteca S, Kergoat L, Lafont S, Betts RA (2000). Importance of vegetation feedbacks in doubled-CO2 climate experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105(D11), 14841-14862. Abstract. DOI.
Betts RA (2000). Offset of the potential carbon sink from boreal forestation by decreases in surface albedo. Nature, 408(6809), 187-190. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA, Cox PM, Woodward FI (2000). Simulated responses of potential vegetation to doubled-CO2 climate change and feedbacks on near-surface temperature. GLOBAL ECOLOGY AND BIOGEOGRAPHY, 9(2), 171-180. Author URL. DOI.
Cox PM, Betts RA, Bunton CB, RLH E, Rowntree PR, Smith J (1999). The impact of new land surface physics on the GCM simulation of climate and climate sensitivity. CLIM DYNAM, 15(3), 183-203. Abstract.
Betts RA, Cox PM, Lee SE, Woodward FI (1997). Contrasting physiological and structural vegetation feedbacks in climate change simulations. Nature, 387, 796-799. Author URL.

Chapters

Marengo J, Nobre CA, Betts RA, Cox PM, Sampaio G, Salazar L (2013). Global Warming and Climate Change in Amazonia: Climate-Vegetation Feedback and Impacts on Water Resources. In  (Ed) Amazonia and Global Change, 273-292.  Abstract. DOI.
Pielke RA, Marland G, Betts RA, Chase TN, Eastman JL, Niles JO, Niyogi DDS, Running SW (2013). The influence of land-use change and landscape dynamics on the climate system: Relevance to climate-change policy beyond the radiative effect of greenhouse gases. In  (Ed) Capturing Carbon and Conserving Biodiversity: the Market Approach, 157-172. DOI.
Betts RA, Arnell NW, Boorman PM, Cornell SE, House JI, Kaye NR, Mc Carthy MP, Mc Neall DJ, Sanderson MG, Wiltshire AJ, et al (2009). Climate change impacts and adaptation: an earth system view. In  (Ed) Understanding the Earth System: Global Change Science for Application, 160-201.  Abstract. DOI.
Marengo J, Nobre CA, Betts RA, Cox PM, Sampaio G, Salazar L (2009). Global Warming and Climate Change in Amazonia: Climate-Vegetation Feedback and Impacts on Water Resources. In Keller M, Bustamante M, Gash J, Dias PS (Eds.) Amazonia and Global Change, Amer Geophysical Union, 273-292. DOI.
Cox PM, Betts RA, Jones CD, Spall SA, Totterdell IJ (2001). Modelling vegetation and the carbon cycle as interactive elements of the climate system. In Pearce RP (Ed) Meteorology at the Millennium, Academic Press, 259-279.

Conferences

Betts RA, Falloon PD, Goldewijk KK, Ramankutty N (2007). Biogeophysical effects of land use on climate: Model simulations of radiative forcing and large-scale temperature change.  Author URL. DOI.
Sanderson MG, Collins WJ, Hemming DL, Betts RA (2007). Stomatal conductance changes due to increasing carbon dioxide levels: Projected impact on surface ozone levels.  Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA (2006). Forcings and feedbacks by land ecosystem changes on climate change.  Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA (2004). Global vegetation and climate: Self-beneficial effects, climate forcings and climate feedbacks.  Author URL. DOI.

Publications by year



In Press

Jones DB, Harrison S, Anderson K, Betts R (In Press). Mountain rock glaciers contain globally significant water stores. Scientific Reports Abstract.  Full text.

2018

Betts RA, Alfieri L, Bradshaw C, Caesar J, Feyen L, Friedlingstein P, Gohar L, Koutroulis A, Lewis K, Morfopoulos C, et al (2018). Changes in climate extremes, fresh water availability and vulnerability to food insecurity projected at 1.5°C and 2°C global warming with a higher-resolution global climate model. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 376(2119). Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Harrison S, Kargel JS, Huggel C, Reynolds J, Shugar DH, Betts RA, Emmer A, Glasser N, Haritashya UK, Klimes J, et al (2018). Climate change and the global pattern of moraine-dammed glacial lake outburst floods. The Cryosphere Full text. DOI.
Koutroulis A, Papadimitriou L, Grillakis M, Tsanis I, Wyser K, Betts R (2018). Freshwater vulnerability under high end climate change. A pan-European assessment. Science of the Total Environment, 613-614, 271-286. DOI.
Le Quéré C, Andrew RM, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Pongratz J, Manning AC, Ivar Korsbakken J, Peters GP, Canadell JG, Jackson RB, et al (2018). Global Carbon Budget 2017. Earth System Science Data, 10(1), 405-448. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Burton C, Betts RA, Jones CD, Williams K (2018). Will fire danger be reduced by using Solar Radiation Management to limit global warming to 1.5°C compared to 2.0°C. Geophysical Research Letters Full text. DOI.

2017

Frieler K, Lange S, Piontek F, Reyer CPO, Schewe J, Warszawski L, Zhao F, Chini L, Denvil S, Emanuel K, et al (2017). Assessing the impacts of 1.5 degrees C global warming - simulation protocol of the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP2b). GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT, 10(12), 4321-4345. Author URL. DOI.
Chang J, Ciais P, Wang X, Piao S, Asrar G, Betts R, Chevallier F, Dury M, Francois L, Frieler K, et al (2017). Benchmarking carbon fluxes of the ISIMIP2a biome models. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 12(4). Author URL. DOI.
Harrison S, Kargel JS, Huggel C, Reynolds J, Shugar DH, Betts RA, Emmer A, Glasser N, Haritashya UK, Klimeš J, et al (2017). Climate change and the global pattern of moraine-dammed glacial lake outburst floods. The Cryosphere Discussions, 1-28. Full text. DOI.
Andrews T, Betts RA, Booth BBB, Jones CD, Jones GS (2017). Effective radiative forcing from historical land use change. Climate Dynamics, 48(11-12), 3489-3505. Abstract. DOI.
Ito A, Nishina K, Reyer CPO, Francois L, Henrot A-J, Munhoven G, Jacquemin I, Tian H, Yang J, Pan S, et al (2017). Photosynthetic productivity and its efficiencies in ISIMIP2a biome models: benchmarking for impact assessment studies. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 12(8). Author URL. DOI.
Chen M, Rafique R, Asrar GR, Bond-Lamberty B, Ciais P, Zhao F, Reyer CPO, Ostberg S, Chang J, Ito A, et al (2017). Regional contribution to variability and trends of global gross primary productivity. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 12(10). Author URL. DOI.
Jones D, Harrison S, Anderson K, Selley H, Wood J, Betts R (2017). The distribution and hydrological significance of rock glaciers in the Nepalese Himalaya. Global and Planetary Change Full text.

2016

Aragão LEOC, Marengo JA, Cox PM, Betts RA, Costa D, Kaye N, Alves L, Smith LT, Cavalcanti IFA, Sampaio G, et al (2016). Assessing the Influence of Climate Extremes on Ecosystems and Human Health in Southwestern Amazon Supported by the PULSE-Brazil Platform. American Journal of Climate Change, 05(03), 399-416. DOI.
Betts RA, Jones CD, Knight JR, Keeling RF, Kennedy JJ (2016). El Niño and a record CO 2 rise. Nature Climate Change, 6(9), 806-810. DOI.
Marengo JA, Aragão LEOC, Cox PM, Betts R, Costa D, Kaye N, Smith LT, Alves LM, Reis V (2016). Impacts of climate extremes in Brazil the development of a web platform for understanding long-term sustainability of ecosystems and human health in amazonia (pulse-Brazil). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97(8), 1341-1346. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Mitchell D, James R, Forster PM, Betts RA, Shiogama H, Allen M (2016). Realizing the impacts of a 1.5 °C warmer world. Nature Climate Change, 6(8), 735-737. DOI.
McNeall D, Williams J, Booth B, Betts R, Challenor P, Wiltshire A, Sexton D (2016). The impact of structural error on parameter constraint in a climate model. Earth System Dynamics, 7(4), 917-935. Full text. DOI.

2015

Good P, Harper A, Meesters A, Robertson E, Betts R, Betts R (2015). Are strong fire-vegetation feedbacks needed to explain the spatial distribution of tropical tree cover?. Global Ecology and Biogeography Abstract. DOI.
Betts RA, Golding N, Gonzalez P, Gornall J, Kahana R, Kay G, Mitchell L, Wiltshire A (2015). Climate and land use change impacts on global terrestrial ecosystems and river flows in the HadGEM2-ES Earth system model using the representative concentration pathways. Biogeosciences, 12(5), 1317-1338. Abstract. DOI.
Osborne T, Gornall J, Hooker J, Williams K, Wiltshire A, Betts R, Wheeler T (2015). JULES-crop: a parametrisation of crops in the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator. Geoscientific Model Development, 8(4), 1139-1155. Abstract. DOI.
Poulter B, MacBean N, Hartley A, Khlystova I, Arino O, Betts R, Bontemps S, Boettcher M, Brockmann C, Defourny P, et al (2015). Plant functional type classification for earth system models: results from the European Space Agency's Land Cover Climate Change Initiative. Geoscientific Model Development, 8(7), 2315-2328. DOI.

2014

Hawkins E, Anderson B, Diffenbaugh N, Mahlstein I, Betts R, Hegerl G, Joshi M, Knutti R, McNeall D, Solomon S, et al (2014). Uncertainties in the timing of unprecedented climates. Nature, 511(7507), E3-E5. DOI.

2013

David Fereday PF (2013). Assessing Skill for Impacts in Seasonal to Decadal Climate Forecasts. Journal of Geology & Geosciences, 02(03). DOI.
Friend AD, Lucht W, Rademacher TT, Keribin R, Betts R, Cadule P, Ciais P, Clark DB, Dankers R, Falloon PD, et al (2013). Carbon residence time dominates uncertainty in terrestrial vegetation responses to future climate and atmospheric CO 2. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(9), 3280-3285. DOI.
Calzadilla A, Rehdanz K, Betts R, Falloon P, Wiltshire A, Tol RSJ (2013). Climate change impacts on global agriculture. Climatic Change, 120(1-2), 357-374. DOI.
Good P, Jones C, Lowe J, Betts R, Gedney N (2013). Comparing Tropical Forest Projections from Two Generations of Hadley Centre Earth System Models, HadGEM2-ES and HadCM3LC. JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, 26(2), 495-511. Author URL. DOI.
Davie JCS, Falloon PD, Kahana R, Dankers R, Betts R, Portmann FT, Wisser D, Clark DB, Ito A, Masaki Y, et al (2013). Comparing projections of future changes in runoff from hydrological and biome models in ISI-MIP. EARTH SYSTEM DYNAMICS, 4(2), 359-374. Author URL. DOI.
Hemming D, Betts R, Collins M (2013). Corrigendum to Sensitivity and uncertainty of modelled terrestrial net primary productivity to doubled CO2 and associated climate change for a relatively large perturbed physics ensemble [Agric. Forest Meteorol. 170 (2013) 79-88]. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 173 DOI.
Marengo J, Nobre CA, Betts RA, Cox PM, Sampaio G, Salazar L (2013). Global Warming and Climate Change in Amazonia: Climate-Vegetation Feedback and Impacts on Water Resources. In  (Ed) Amazonia and Global Change, 273-292.  Abstract. DOI.
Hemming D, Betts R, Collins M (2013). Sensitivity and uncertainty of modelled terrestrial net primary productivity to doubled CO2 and associated climate change for a relatively large perturbed physics ensemble (vol 170, pg 79, 2013). AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY, 173, 154-154. Author URL. DOI.
Huntingford C, Zelazowski P, Galbraith D, Mercado LM, Sitch S, Fisher R, Lomas M, Walker AP, Jones CD, Booth BBB, et al (2013). Simulated resilience of tropical rainforests to CO<inf>2</inf>-induced climate change. Nature Geoscience, 6(4), 268-273. Abstract. DOI.
Wiltshire AJ, Kay G, Gornall JL, Betts RA (2013). The impact of climate, CO<inf>2</inf> and population on regional food and water resources in the 2050s. Sustainability (Switzerland), 5(5), 2129-2151. Abstract. DOI.
Wiltshire A, Gornall J, Booth B, Dennis E, Falloon P, Kay G, McNeall D, McSweeney C, Betts R (2013). The importance of population, climate change and CO2 plant physiological forcing in determining future global water stress. Global Environmental Change, 23(5), 1083-1097. DOI.
Pielke RA, Marland G, Betts RA, Chase TN, Eastman JL, Niles JO, Niyogi DDS, Running SW (2013). The influence of land-use change and landscape dynamics on the climate system: Relevance to climate-change policy beyond the radiative effect of greenhouse gases. In  (Ed) Capturing Carbon and Conserving Biodiversity: the Market Approach, 157-172. DOI.
Christidis N, Stott PA, Hegerl GC, Betts RA (2013). The role of land use change in the recent warming of daily extreme temperatures. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 40(3), 589-594. Author URL. DOI.

2012

Maslin M, Owen M, Betts RA, Day S, Jones TD, Ridgwell A (2012). Assessing the Past and Future Stability of Global Gas Hydrate Reservoirs. , 250-277. DOI.
McColl L, Palin EJ, Thornton HE, Sexton DMH, Betts R, Mylne K (2012). Assessing the potential impact of climate change on the UK’s electricity network. Climatic Change, 115(3-4), 821-835. DOI.
Booth BBB, Jones CD, Collins M, Totterdell IJ, Cox PM, Sitch S, Huntingford C, Betts RA, Harris GR, Lloyd J, et al (2012). High sensitivity of future global warming to land carbon cycle processes. Environmental Research Letters, 7(2). Abstract. DOI.
Liggins F, Betts RA, McGuire B (2012). Projected Future Climate Changes in the Context of Geological and Geomorphological Hazards. , 34-55. DOI.
Sanderson MG, Wiltshire AJ, Betts RA (2012). Projected changes in water availability in the United Kingdom. WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, 48 Author URL. DOI.
Falloon PD, Dankers R, Betts RA, Jones CD, Booth BBB, Lambert FH (2012). Role of vegetation change in future climate under the A1B scenario and a climate stabilisation scenario, using the HadCM3C Earth system model. Biogeosciences, 9(11), 4739-4756. Abstract. DOI.
McCarthy MP, Sanjay J, Booth BBB, Kumar KK, Betts RA (2012). The influence of vegetation on the ITCZ and South Asian monsoon in HadCM3. Earth System Dynamics, 3(1), 87-96. Abstract. DOI.

2011

Betts RA (2011). A sweetener for biofuels. Nature Climate Change, 1(2), 99-101. DOI.
McNeall D, Halloran PR, Good P, Betts RA (2011). Analyzing abrupt and nonlinear climate changes and their impacts. WILEY INTERDISCIPLINARY REVIEWS-CLIMATE CHANGE, 2(5), 663-686. Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA (2011). CLIMATE SCIENCE Afforestation cools more or less. NATURE GEOSCIENCE, 4(8), 504-505. Author URL. DOI.
Stott PA, Christidis N, Betts RA (2011). Changing return periods of weather-related impacts: the attribution challenge. CLIMATIC CHANGE, 109(3-4), 263-268. Author URL. DOI.
Hurtt GC, Chini LP, Frolking S, Betts RA, Feddema J, Fischer G, Fisk JP, Hibbard K, Houghton RA, Janetos A, et al (2011). Harmonization of land-use scenarios for the period 1500-2100: 600 years of global gridded annual land-use transitions, wood harvest, and resulting secondary lands. Climatic Change, 109(1), 117-161. Abstract. DOI.
Hurtt GC, Chini LP, Frolking S, Betts RA, Feddema J, Fischer G, Fisk JP, Hibbard K, Houghton RA, Janetos A, et al (2011). Harmonization of land-use scenarios for the period 1500-2100: 600 years of global gridded annual land-use transitions, wood harvest, and resulting secondary lands. CLIMATIC CHANGE, 109(1-2), 117-161. Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA (2011). MITIGATION a sweetener for biofuels. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE, 1(2), 99-101. Author URL. DOI.
Sanderson MG, Hemming DL, Betts RA (2011). Regional temperature and precipitation changes under high-end (>= 4 degrees C) global warming. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES, 369(1934), 85-98. Author URL. DOI.
Sanderson MG, Hemming DL, Betts RA (2011). Regional temperature and precipitation changes under warming. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 369(1934), 85-98. Abstract. DOI.
Betts RA (2011). The Science of Climate Change. , 1-31. DOI.
Betts RA, Collins M, Hemming DL, Jones CD, Lowe JA, Sanderson MG (2011). When could global warming reach 4°C?. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 369(1934), 67-84. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2010

McCarthy MP, Best MJ, Betts RA (2010). Climate change in cities due to global warming and urban effects. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 37 Author URL. DOI.
Liggins F, Betts RA, McGuire B (2010). Projected future climate changes in the context of geological and geomorphological hazards. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 368(1919), 2347-2367. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2009

Betts RA, Arnell NW, Boorman PM, Cornell SE, House JI, Kaye NR, Mc Carthy MP, Mc Neall DJ, Sanderson MG, Wiltshire AJ, et al (2009). Climate change impacts and adaptation: an earth system view. In  (Ed) Understanding the Earth System: Global Change Science for Application, 160-201.  Abstract. DOI.
Boucher O, Jones A, Betts RA (2009). Climate response to the physiological impact of carbon dioxide on plants in the Met Office Unified Model HadCM3. CLIMATE DYNAMICS, 32(2-3), 237-249. Author URL. DOI.
Marengo J, Nobre CA, Betts RA, Cox PM, Sampaio G, Salazar L (2009). Global Warming and Climate Change in Amazonia: Climate-Vegetation Feedback and Impacts on Water Resources. In Keller M, Bustamante M, Gash J, Dias PS (Eds.) Amazonia and Global Change, Amer Geophysical Union, 273-292. DOI.
Hewitt CD, Goodess CM, Betts RA (2009). Towards probabilistic projections of climate change. PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS-MUNICIPAL ENGINEER, 162(1), 33-40. Author URL. DOI.

2008

Huntingford C, Fisher RA, Mercado L, Booth BBB, Sitch S, Harris PP, Cox PM, Jones CD, Betts RA, Malhi Y, et al (2008). "Towards quantifying uncertainty in predictions of Amazon """"dieback""""". Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B. Author URL.  Full text.
Malhi Y, Roberts JT, Betts RA, Killeen TJ, Li W, Nobre CA (2008). Climate change, deforestation, and the fate of the Amazon. SCIENCE, 319(5860), 169-172. Author URL. DOI.
Cox PM, Harris PP, Huntingford C, Betts RA, Collins M, Jones CD, Jupp TE, Marengo JA, Nobre CA (2008). Increasing risk of Amazonian drought due to decreasing aerosol pollution. Nature, 453, 212-216. Author URL.
Cox PM, Harris PP, Huntingford C, Betts RA, Collins M, Jones CD, Jupp TE, Marengo JA, Nobre CA (2008). Increasing risk of Amazonian drought due to decreasing aerosol pollution. Nature, 453(7192), 212-215. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA, Malhi Y, Roberts JT (2008). The future of the Amazon: new perspectives from climate, ecosystem and social sciences. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 363(1498), 1729-1735. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2007

Betts RA, Falloon PD, Goldewijk KK, Ramankutty N (2007). Biogeophysical effects of land use on climate: Model simulations of radiative forcing and large-scale temperature change.  Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA, Boucher O, Collins M, Cox PM, Falloon PD, Gedney N, Hemming DL, Huntingford C, Jones CD, Sexton DMH, et al (2007). Projected increase in continental runoff due to plant responses to increasing carbon dioxide. Nature, 448(7157), 1037-1041. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Sanderson MG, Collins WJ, Hemming DL, Betts RA (2007). Stomatal conductance changes due to increasing carbon dioxide levels: Projected impact on surface ozone levels.  Author URL. DOI.

2006

Gedney N, Cox PM, Betts RA, Boucher O, Huntingford C, Stott PA (2006). Continental runoff - a quality-controlled global runoff data set - Reply. NATURE, 444(7120), E14-E15. Author URL. DOI.
Gedney N, Cox PM, Betts RA, Boucher O, Huntingford C, Stott PA (2006). Detection of a direct carbon dioxide effect in continental river runoff records. Nature, 439(7078), 835-838. DOI.
Betts RA (2006). Forcings and feedbacks by land ecosystem changes on climate change.  Author URL. DOI.
Falloon PD, Betts RA (2006). The impact of climate change on global river flow in HadGEM1 simulations. ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE LETTERS, 7(3), 62-68. Author URL. DOI.

2005

Woodward S, Roberts DL, Betts RA (2005). A simulation of the effect of climate change-induced desertification on mineral dust aerosol. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 32(18). Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA (2005). Integrated approaches to climate-crop modelling: needs and challenges. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 360(1463), 2049-2065. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Crucifix M, Betts RA, Hewitt CD (2005). Pre-industrial-potential and Last Glacial Maximum global vegetation simulated with a coupled climate-bio sphere model: Diagnosis of bioclimatic relationships. GLOBAL AND PLANETARY CHANGE, 45(4), 295-312. Author URL. DOI.
Crucifix M, Betts RA, Cox PM (2005). Vegetation and climate variability: a GCM modelling study. Climate Dynamics, 24, 457-467.

2004

Gash,J.H.C,Huntingford,C. Morengo JA, Betts RA, Cox PM, Fisch G, Fu R, Gandu AW, Harris PP, Machado LAT, von R, et al (2004). Amazonian Climate: Results and future research. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 78, 187-193.
Cox PM, Betts RA, Collins M, Harris PP (2004). Amazonian forest dieback under climate-carbon cycle projections for the 21st century. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 78(1-3), 137-156. DOI.
Cowling SA, Betts RA, Cox PM, Ettwein VJ, Jones CD, Maslin MA, Spall SA (2004). Contrasting simulated past and future responses of the Amazonian forest to atmospheric change. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 359(1443), 539-547. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA (2004). Global vegetation and climate: Self-beneficial effects, climate forcings and climate feedbacks.  Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA, Cox PM, Collins M, Harris PP, Huntingford C, Jones CD (2004). The role of ecosystem-atmosphere interactions in simulated Amazonian precipitation decrease and forest dieback under global climate warming. THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY, 78(1-3), 157-175. Author URL. DOI.
Huntingford C, Harris PP, Gedney N, Cox PM, Betts RA, Marengo JA, Gash JHC (2004). Using a GCM analogue model to investigate the potential for Amazonian forest dieback. THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY, 78(1-3), 177-185. Author URL. DOI.

2003

Essery RLH, Best MJ, Betts RA, Cox PM, Taylor CM (2003). Explicit representation of sub-grid heterogeneity in a GCM land-surface scheme. J. Hydrometorol., 4, 530-543. Full text.
Marland G, Pielke RA, Apps M, Avissar R, Betts RA, Davis KJ, Frumhoff PC, Jackson ST, Joyce LA, Kauppi P, et al (2003). The climatic impacts of land surface change and carbon management, and the implications for climate-change mitigation policy. Climate Policy, 3(2), 149-157. Abstract. DOI.

2001

Betts RA (2001). Biogeophysical impacts of land use on present-day climate: Near-surface temperature change and radiative forcing. Atmospheric Science Letters, 2(1-4), 1-13. Abstract. DOI.
Cramer W, Bondeau A, Woodward FI, Prentice IC, Betts RA, Brovkin V, Cox PM, Fisher V, Foley JA, Friend AD, et al (2001). Global response of terrestrial ecosystem structure and function to CO2 and climate change: results from six dynamic global vegetation models. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, 7(4), 357-373. Author URL. DOI.
Cox PM, Betts RA, Jones CD, Spall SA, Totterdell IJ (2001). Modelling vegetation and the carbon cycle as interactive elements of the climate system. In Pearce RP (Ed) Meteorology at the Millennium, Academic Press, 259-279.

2000

Cox PM, Betts RA, Jones CD, Spall SA, Totterdell IJ (2000). Acceleration of global warming due to carbon cycle feedbacks in a coupled climate model. Nature, 408, 184-187.
Cox PM, Betts RA, Jones CD, Spall SA, Totterdell IJ (2000). Acceleration of global warming due to carbon-cycle feedbacks in a coupled climate model (vol 408, pg 184, 2000). NATURE, 408(6813), 750-750. Author URL. DOI.
Douville H, Planton S, Royer J-F, Stephenson DB, Tyteca S, Kergoat L, Lafont S, Betts RA (2000). Importance of vegetation feedbacks in doubled-CO2 climate experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105(D11), 14841-14862. Abstract. DOI.
Betts RA (2000). Offset of the potential carbon sink from boreal forestation by decreases in surface albedo. Nature, 408(6809), 187-190. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Betts RA, Cox PM, Woodward FI (2000). Simulated responses of potential vegetation to doubled-CO2 climate change and feedbacks on near-surface temperature. GLOBAL ECOLOGY AND BIOGEOGRAPHY, 9(2), 171-180. Author URL. DOI.

1999

Cox PM, Betts RA, Bunton CB, RLH E, Rowntree PR, Smith J (1999). The impact of new land surface physics on the GCM simulation of climate and climate sensitivity. CLIM DYNAM, 15(3), 183-203. Abstract.

1997

Betts RA, Cox PM, Lee SE, Woodward FI (1997). Contrasting physiological and structural vegetation feedbacks in climate change simulations. Nature, 387, 796-799. Author URL.