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Professor Stephen Sitch

Professor Stephen Sitch

Chair in Climate Change

 3331

 Laver Building 707a

 

Laver Building, University of Exeter, North Park Road, Exeter, EX4 4QE, UK

Overview

** Please see my personal webpages which are kept fully up to date on my research **

I am a Professor in Physical Geography at the University of Exeter, with over 20 years research experience in Earth System Science. My research focuses on the role of vegetation in the climate system.

I was principal developer of the LPJ model, the World’s most highly cited Dynamic Global Vegetation Model (DGVM), and am currently theme leader of community experiments of the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator, JULES. I have published extensively on modelling plant physiology, vegetation dynamics, biogeochemical cycles, and ecosystem-atmosphere interactions.

I co-lead TRENDY, the international activity providing land flux estimates for the Global Carbon Project’s (GCP) annual carbon budget update, and GCP’s regional synthesis chapters.

Broad research specialisms:

Vegetation Dynamics, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Earth System Science, Plant Ecophysiological modelling

Qualifications

BSc. Mathematics (University of York)
MSc. Atmospheric Sciences (University of East Anglia)
Phd Plant Ecology (University of Lund, Sweden)

Career

June 2011 Chair in Climate Change, School of Geography, University of Exeter.

2009– June 2011 Reader in Integrated Atmospheric and Hydrological Modelling, University of Leeds

2004-2009 Land Surface Scientist, Met Office Hadley Centre, Wallingford, UK

1997-2004 Climate Scientist, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Germany

Research group links

Research

Research interests

Stephen understands the vital importance of field-based and experimental science in underpinning modelling activities, i.e. for functional understanding and model evaluation, and to grasp issues of uncertainty relating to temporal and spatial variability and heterogeneity in ecology. These issues remain major challenges for the global modeling community. A close collaboration between field and experimental scientists, modelers and Earth Observation scientists is the key. His main research aims are:

  1. To utilize data on ecosystem functioning to advance, evaluate and help constrain global land surface models (LSMs).
  2. To apply LSMs in an interdisciplinary Earth system context to address policy relevant issues, relating to the cycles of water, carbon, nitrogen and other biogeochemical cycles.
  3. To study interactions between climate, chemistry and ecosystems.
  4. To investigate the role of land use and land cover change, and natural vegetation in the Earth system and the provision of ecosystem services.

Research projects

Stephen is leading an international activity under the Global Carbon Project (GCP) on recent trends in the regional land carbon sinks, which highlights the important role of regional drought on reducing carbon sink efficiency.

Grants/Funding:

NERC Consortium (£444,573 to UoExe; Sept 2012- Aug 2016; Co-I, “South American Biomass Burning Analysis”

NERC Standard (£152,978.00 to UoExe) (2012- 2016); Co-I, “Understanding How Drought Affects the Risk of Increased Mortality in Tropical Rain Forests”

NERC CASE Studentship (£200k) Impact of tropospheric O3 on crop production, Case Partner: Met Office Hadley Centre

NERC Standard Grant, “Export of Ozone and Precursors from Europe and Impacts on Air Quality, Climate and Ecosystems” Co-I

EU FP7 “Land-use change: assessing the net climate forcing, and options for climate change mitigation and adaptation” Co-I (€472,213 to UoExe; Nov 1 2013 – 31 Oct 2017)

EU FP7 “High-End cLimate Impacts and eXtremes”. Co-I (€1,523,200 UoExe; Nov 2013 – Oct 2017)

NERC standard on Megafauna extinctions (2016-2020, Co-I £194,533 to UoExe)

NERC, “Identifying potential tipping points in the benefits derived from the UK’s land ecosystems” (2016-2019, Co-I, FEC £462k to UoExe)

NERC “Methane, Ozone, and the Carbon Budget for 1.5oC” (Co-I, 31st Oct2016 – 30 Oct 2017)

NERC “Climate, Land-Use and Ecosystem Services at 1.5C”, (Co-I, £92,595.38, Oct 2016- 2017)

Newton Fund “Vegetation dynamics modelling” (CSSP Brazil, Co-I, £198,906 April 2017-March 2019)

Newton Fund “Air Quality impacts on agriculture and ecosystems” (CSSP China, Co-I, £330k UoExe)

NERC Standard “Do dryland ecosystems control variability and recent trends of the land CO2 sink” (£800k, Co-I, awarded June 2017)

NERC Standard “Ozone impacts on tropical vegetation: implications for forest productivity” (£800k, PI, awarded June 2017)

Research networks

Key Publications

10. Jung, M. et al., Compensatory water effects link yearly global land CO2 sink changes to temperature, Nature, 541, 7638, 2017.

9. Tian, H. et al., The terrestrial biosphere as a net source of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, Nature, 531, 225-228, doi:10.1038/nature16946, 2016.

8. Ahlström, A., M. Raupach, B. Smith, G. Schurgers, A. Arneth, M. Jung, M. Reichstein, P. Friedlingstein, A. K. Jain, E. Kato, B. Poulter, S. Sitch, B. Stocker, N. Viovy, Y. -P. Wang, A. Wiltshire, N. Zeng, The dominant role of semi-arid ecosystems in the trend and variability of the terrestrial CO2 sink, Science, 348 (6237), 895-899, 2015.

7. Poulter, B., D. Frank, P. Ciais, R. Myneni, N. Andela, J. Bi, G. Broquet, J. G. Canadell, F. Chevallier, Y.Y. Liu, S.W. Running, S. Sitch and G.R. van der Werf (2014) Contribution of semi-arid eosystems to interannual variability of the global carbon cycle, Nature, doi:10.1038/nature13376, 2014.

6. Pan, Y., R.A. Birdsey, J. Fang,  R. Houghton, P.E. Kauppi, W.A. Kurz, O.L. Phillips, A. Shvidenko, S.L. Lewis, J.G. Canadell, P. Ciais, R.B. Jackson, S. Pacala, A.D. McGuire, S. Piao, A. Rautiainen, S. Sitch, D. Hayes, C. Watson (2011) A large and persistent carbon sink in the World’s forests, 1990-2007, Science, DOI: 10.1126/science.1201609, 2011.

5. Piao, SL, JY Fang, P Ciais, P Peylin, Y Huang, S Sitch and T Wang, The carbon balance of terrestrial ecosystems in China, Nature, 458, 1009-1014, 2009.

4. Mercado, L. M., N. Bellouin, S. Sitch, O. Boucher, C. Huntingford and P. M. Cox. Impact of Changes in Diffuse Radiation on the Global Land Carbon Sink. Nature, 458 (7241), 1014, 2009.

3. Sitch, S., P. M. Cox, W. J. Collins, C. Huntingford. Indirect radiative forcing of climate change through ozone effects on the land-carbon sink. Nature, doi:10.1038/nature06059, 2007.

2. Schröter, D., W. Cramer, R. Leemans, I. C. Prentice, M. B. Araũjo, N. W. Arnell, A. Bondeau, H. Bugmann, T. R. Carter, C. A. Gracia, A. C. de la Vega-Leinert, M. Erhard, F. Ewert, M. Glendining, J. I. House, S. Kankaanpaa, R. J. T. Klein, S. Lavorel, M. Lindner, M. J. Metzger, T. D. Mitchell, I. Reginster, M. Rounsevell, S. Sabaté, S. Sitch, B. Smith, J. Smith, P. Smith, M. T. Sykes, K. Thonicke, W. Thuiller, G. Tuck, S. Zaehle, B. Zierl. Ecosystem service supply and vulnerability to global change in Europe. Science, 10.1126/science.1115233, 2005.

1. Lucht, W., I. C. Prentice, R. B. Myneni, S. Sitch, P. Friedlingstein, W. Cramer, P.Bousquet, W. Buermann, B. Smith. Climate control of the high-latitude vegetation greening trend and Pinatubo effect, Science, 296, p 1687-1689, 2002.0

Publications

Key publications | Publications by category | Publications by year

Publications by category


Journal articles

Rogers A, Medlyn BE, Dukes JS, Bonan G, von Caemmerer S, Dietze MC, Kattge J, Leakey ADB, Mercado LM, Niinemets Ü, et al (In Press). A roadmap for improving the representation of photosynthesis in Earth system models. New Phytol, 213(1), 22-42. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Jung M, Reichstein M, Schwalm CR, Huntingford C, Sitch S, Ahlström A, Arneth A, Camps-Valls G, Ciais P, Friedlingstein P, et al (In Press). Compensatory water effects link yearly global land CO2 sink changes to temperature. Nature, 541(7638), 516-520. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Navarrete D, Sitch S, Aragão LEOC, Pedroni L (In Press). Conversion from forests to pastures in the Colombian Amazon leads to contrasting soil carbon dynamics depending on land management practices. Glob Chang Biol, 22(10), 3503-3517. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Bastos A, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Chen C, Mialon A, Wigneron J-P, Arora VK, Briggs PR, Canadell JG, Ciais P, et al (In Press). Impact of the 2015/2016 El Niño on the terrestrial carbon cycle constrained by bottom-up and top-down approaches. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 373(1760). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Harper AB, Powell T, Cox PM, House J, Huntingford C, Lenton TM, Sitch S, Burke E, Chadburn SE, Collins WJ, et al (In Press). Land-use emissions play a critical role in land-based mitigation for Paris climate targets. Nat Commun, 9(1). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Mercado LM, Medlyn BE, Huntingford C, Oliver R, Clark D, Sitch S, Zelazowski P, Kattge J, Harper A, Cox PM, et al (In Press). Large sensitivity in land carbon storage due to geographical and temporal variation in the thermal response of photosynthetic capacity. New Phytologist Full text.
Krause A, Pugh TAM, Bayer AD, Li W, Leung F, Bondeau A, Doelman JC, Humpenöder F, Anthoni P, Bodirsky BL, et al (In Press). Large uncertainty in carbon uptake potential of land-based climate-change mitigation efforts. Glob Chang Biol, 24(7), 3025-3038. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Eller CB, Rowland L, Oliveira RS, Bittencourt PRL, Barros FV, da Costa ACL, Meir P, Friend AD, Mencuccini M, Sitch S, et al (In Press). Modelling tropical forest responses to drought and El Niño with a stomatal optimization model based on xylem hydraulics. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 373(1760). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Piao S, Liu Z, Wang Y, Ciais P, Yao Y, Peng S, Chevallier F, Friedlingstein P, Janssens IA, Peñuelas J, et al (In Press). On the causes of trends in the seasonal amplitude of atmospheric CO2. Glob Chang Biol, 24(2), 608-616. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Zhang Y, Xiao X, Guanter L, Zhou S, Ciais P, Joiner J, Sitch S, Wu X, Nabel J, Dong J, et al (In Press). Precipitation and carbon-water coupling jointly control the interannual variability of global land gross primary production. Sci Rep, 6 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Humphrey V, Zscheischler J, Ciais P, Gudmundsson L, Sitch S, Seneviratne SI (In Press). Sensitivity of atmospheric CO2 growth rate to observed changes in terrestrial water storage. Nature, 560(7720), 628-631. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Friedlingstein P (In Press). The terrestrial biosphere as a net source of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. (0028-0836). Abstract.  Full text.
Buermann W, Forkel M, O'Sullivan M, Sitch S, Friedlingstein P, Haverd V, Jain AK, Kato E, Kautz M, Lienert S, et al (In Press). Widespread seasonal compensation effects of spring warming on northern plant productivity. Nature, 562(7725), 110-114. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Forkel M, Andela N, P Harrison S, Lasslop G, Van Marle M, Chuvieco E, Dorigo W, Forrest M, Hantson S, Heil A, et al (2019). Emergent relationships with respect to burned area in global satellite observations and fire-enabled vegetation models. Biogeosciences, 16(1), 57-76. Abstract.  Full text.
Fernandez-Martinez M, Sardans J, Chevallier F, Ciais P, Obersteiner M, Vicca S, Canadell JG, Bastos A, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, et al (2019). Global trends in carbon sinks and their relationships with CO2 and temperature. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE, 9(1), 73-+. Author URL.  Full text.
Anav A, De Marco A, Friedlingstein P, Savi F, Sicard P, Sitch S, Vitale M, Paoletti E (2019). Growing season extension affects ozone uptake by European forests. Science of the Total Environment, 669, 1043-1052. Abstract.
Chen W, Zhu D, Huang C, Ciais P, Yao Y, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Haverd V, Jain AK, Kato E, et al (2019). Negative extreme events in gross primary productivity and their drivers in China during the past three decades. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 275, 47-58. Abstract.
Malavelle FF, Haywood JM, Mercado LM, Folberth GA, Bellouin N, Sitch S, Artaxo P (2019). Studying the impact of biomass burning aerosol radiative and climate effects on the Amazon rainforest productivity with an Earth system model. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19(2), 1301-1326. Abstract.  Full text.
Pugh TAM, Jones CD, Huntingford C, Burton C, Arneth A, Brovkin V, Ciais P, Lomas M, Robertson E, Piao SL, et al (2018). A Large Committed Long-Term Sink of Carbon due to Vegetation Dynamics. Earth's Future Abstract.  Full text.
Wu D, Ciais P, Viovy N, Knapp AK, Wilcox K, Bahn M, Smith MD, Vicca S, Fatichi S, Zscheischler J, et al (2018). Asymmetric responses of primary productivity to altered precipitation simulated by ecosystem models across three long-term grassland sites. Biogeosciences, 15, 3421-3437. Abstract.  Full text.
Duveiller G, Forzieri G, Robertson E, Li W, Georgievski G, Lawrence P, Wiltshire A, Ciais P, Pongratz J, Sitch S, et al (2018). Biophysics and vegetation cover change: a process-based evaluation framework for confronting land surface models with satellite observations. Earth System Science Data, 10(3), 1265-1279. Abstract.  Full text.
Comyn-Platt E, Hayman G, Huntingford C, Chadburn SE, Burke EJ, Harper AB, Collins WJ, Webber CP, Powell T, Cox PM, et al (2018). Carbon budgets for 1.5 and 2 °C targets lowered by natural wetland and permafrost feedbacks. Nature Geoscience, 1-6. Abstract.  Full text.
Wang J, Zeng N, Wang M, Jiang F, Chen J, Friedlingstein P, Jain AK, Jiang Z, Ju W, Lienert S, et al (2018). Contrasting interannual atmospheric CO2 variabilities and their terrestrial mechanisms for two types of El Ninos. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18(14), 10333-10345. Full text.
Comyn-Platt E, Hayman G, Huntingford C, Chadburn SE, Burke EJ, Harper AB, Collins WJ, Webber CP, Powell T, Cox PM, et al (2018). Erratum to: Carbon budgets for 1.5 and 2 °C targets lowered by natural wetland and permafrost feedbacks (Nature Geoscience, (2018), 11, 8, (568-573), 10.1038/s41561-018-0174-9). Nature Geoscience, 11(11), 882-886. Abstract.  Full text.
Forzieri G, Duveiller G, Georgievski G, Li W, Robertson E, Kautz M, Lawrence P, Garcia San Martin L, Anthoni P, Ciais P, et al (2018). Evaluating the Interplay Between Biophysical Processes and Leaf Area Changes in Land Surface Models. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 10(5), 1102-1126. Abstract.  Full text.
Le Quéré C, Andrew RM, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Pongratz J, Manning AC, Ivar Korsbakken J, Peters GP, Canadell JG, Jackson RB, et al (2018). Global Carbon Budget 2017. Earth System Science Data, 10(1), 405-448. Abstract.  Full text.
Le Quéré C, Andrew RM, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Hauck J, Pongratz J, Pickers PA, Korsbakken JI, Peters GP, Canadell JG, et al (2018). Global Carbon Budget 2018. Earth System Science Data, 10, 2141-2194. Full text.
Collins WJ, Webber CP, Cox PM, Huntingford C, Lowe J, Sitch S, Chadburn SE, Comyn-Platt E, Harper AB, Hayman G, et al (2018). Increased importance of methane reduction for a 1.5 degree target. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 13(5). Author URL.  Full text.
Kondo M, Ichii K, Patra PK, Canadell JG, Poulter B, Sitch S, Calle L, Liu YY, van Dijk AIJM, Saeki T, et al (2018). Land use change and El Niño-Southern Oscillation drive decadal carbon balance shifts in Southeast Asia. Nature Communications, 9 Abstract.  Full text.
Oliver RJ, Mercado LM, Sitch S, Simpson D, Medlyn BE, Lin YS, Folberth GA (2018). Large but decreasing effect of ozone on the European carbon sink. Biogeosciences, 15, 4245-4269. Abstract.  Full text.
He W, Ju W, Schwalm CR, Sippel S, Wu X, He Q, Song L, Zhang C, Li J, Sitch S, et al (2018). Large-Scale Droughts Responsible for Dramatic Reductions of Terrestrial Net Carbon Uptake over North America in 2011 and 2012. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 123(7), 2053-2071. Abstract.  Full text.
Piao S, Huang M, Liu Z, Wang X, Ciais P, Canadell JG, Wang K, Bastos A, Friedlingstein P, Houghton RA, et al (2018). Lower land-use emissions responsible for increased net land carbon sink during the slow warming period. Nature Geoscience, 11(10), 739-743. Abstract.  Full text.
Grassi G, House J, Kurz WA, Cescatti A, Houghton RA, Peters GP, Sanz MJ, Viñas RA, Alkama R, Arneth A, et al (2018). Reconciling global-model estimates and country reporting of anthropogenic forest CO <inf>2</inf> sinks. Nature Climate Change, 8(10), 914-920. Abstract.  Full text.
Arnold SR, Lombardozzi D, Lamarque JF, Richardson T, Emmons LK, Tilmes S, Sitch SA, Folberth G, Hollaway MJ, Val Martin M, et al (2018). Simulated Global Climate Response to Tropospheric Ozone-Induced Changes in Plant Transpiration. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(23), 13-079. Abstract.  Full text.
Zhou S, Liang J, Lu X, Li Q, Jiang L, Zhang Y, Schwalm CR, Fisher JB, Tjiputra J, Sitch S, et al (2018). Sources of Uncertainty in Modeled Land Carbon Storage within and across Three MIPs: Diagnosis with Three New Techniques. JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, 31(7), 2833-2851. Author URL.  Full text.
Huntingford C, Oliver RJ, Mercado LM, Sitch S (2018). Technical note: a simple theoretical model framework to describe plant stomatal "sluggishness" in response to elevated ozone concentrations. Biogeosciences, 15(17), 5415-5422. Abstract.  Full text.
Salazar A, Sanchez A, Villegas JC, Salazar JF, Ruiz Carrascal D, Sitch S, Restrepo JD, Poveda G, Feeley KJ, Mercado LM, et al (2018). The ecology of peace: preparing Colombia for new political and planetary climates. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 16(9), 525-531. Abstract.  Full text.
Harper AB, Wiltshire AJ, Cox PM, Friedlingstein P, Jones CD, Mercado LM, Sitch S, Williams K, Duran-Rojas C (2018). Vegetation distribution and terrestrial carbon cycle in a carbon cycle configuration of JULES4.6 with new plant functional types. Geoscientific Model Development, 11(7), 2857-2873. Abstract.  Full text.
Campbell JE, Kesselmeier J, Yakir D, Berry JA, Peylin P, Belviso S, Vesala T, Maseyk K, Seibt U, Chen H, et al (2017). Assessing a new clue to how much carbon plants take up. Eos (United States), 98(10), 24-29. Full text.
Schneider GF, Cheesman AW, Winter K, Turner BL, Sitch S, Kursar TA (2017). Current ambient concentrations of ozone in Panama modulate the leaf chemistry of the tropical tree Ficus insipida. Chemosphere, 172, 363-372. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Prestele R, Arneth A, Bondeau A, de Noblet-Ducoudre N, Pugh TAM, Sitch S, Stehfest E, Verburg PH (2017). Current challenges of implementing anthropogenic land-use and land-cover change in models contributing to climate change assessments. EARTH SYSTEM DYNAMICS, 8(2), 369-386. Author URL.  Full text.
Arneth A, Sitch S, Pongratz J, Stocker BD, Ciais P, Poulter B, Bayer AD, Bondeau A, Calle L, Chini LP, et al (2017). Historical carbon dioxide emissions caused by land-use changes are possibly larger than assumed. NATURE GEOSCIENCE, 10(2), 79-+. Author URL.  Full text.
Huntingford C, Atkin OK, Martinez-de la Torre A, Mercado LM, Heskel MA, Harper AB, Bloomfield KJ, O'Sullivan OS, Reich PB, Wythers KR, et al (2017). Implications of improved representations of plant respiration in a changing climate. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 8 Author URL.  Full text.
Li W, Ciais P, Peng S, Yue C, Wang Y, Thurner M, Saatchi SS, Arneth A, Avitabile V, Carvalhais N, et al (2017). Land-use and land-cover change carbon emissions between 1901 and 2012 constrained by biomass observations. BIOGEOSCIENCES, 14(22), 5053-5067. Author URL.  Full text.
Booth BBB, Harris GR, Murphy JM, House JI, Jones CD, Sexton D, Sitch S (2017). Narrowing the Range of Future Climate Projections Using Historical Observations of Atmospheric CO2. JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, 30(8), 3039-3053. Author URL.  Full text.
Wu C, Venevsky S, Sitch S, Yang Y, Wang M, Wang L, Gao Y (2017). Present-day and future contribution of climate and fires to vegetation composition in the boreal forest of China. Ecosphere, 8(8). Abstract.  Full text.
Rabin SS, Melton JR, Lasslop G, Bachelet D, Forrest M, Hantson S, Kaplan JO, Li F, Mangeon S, Ward DS, et al (2017). The Fire Modeling Intercomparison Project (FireMIP), phase 1: Experimental and analytical protocols with detailed model descriptions. Geoscientific Model Development, 10(3), 1175-1197. Abstract.  Full text.
Murray-Tortarolo G, Jaramillo VJ, Maass M, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S (2017). The decreasing range between dry- and wet- season precipitation over land and its effect on vegetation primary productivity. PLoS One, 12(12). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Peters GP, Le Quéré C, Andrew RM, Canadell JG, Friedlingstein P, Ilyina T, Jackson RB, Joos F, Korsbakken JI, McKinley GA, et al (2017). Towards real-time verification of CO<inf>2</inf> emissions. Nature Climate Change, 7(12), 848-850. Full text.
Anav A, De Marco A, Proietti C, Alessandri A, Dell'Aquila A, Cionni I, Friedlingstein P, Khvorostyanov D, Menut L, Paoletti E, et al (2016). Comparing concentration-based (AOT40) and stomatal uptake (PODY) metrics for ozone risk assessment to European forests. Glob Chang Biol, 22(4), 1608-1627. Abstract.  Author URL.
Navarrete D, Sitch S, Aragão LEOC, Pedroni L, Duque A (2016). Conversion from forests to pastures in the Colombian Amazon leads to differences in dead wood dynamics depending on land management practices. J Environ Manage, 171, 42-51. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Le Quéré C, Andrew RM, Canadell JG, Sitch S, Ivar Korsbakken J, Peters GP, Manning AC, Boden TA, Tans PP, Houghton RA, et al (2016). Global Carbon Budget 2016. Earth System Science Data, 8(2), 605-649. Abstract.  Full text.
Zhu Z, Piao S, Myneni RB, Huang M, Zeng Z, Canadell JG, Ciais P, Sitch S, Friedlingstein P, Arneth A, et al (2016). Greening of the Earth and its drivers. Nature Climate Change, 6(8), 791-795. Full text.
Mangeon S, Voulgarakis A, Gilham R, Harper A, Sitch S, Folberth G (2016). INFERNO: a fire and emissions scheme for the UK Met Office's Unified Model. Geoscientific Model Development, 9(8), 2685-2700. Abstract.  Full text.
Sitch SA (2016). INFERNO: a fire and emissions scheme for the Met Office’s Unified Model. Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss. Full text.
Jiang Y, Zhuang Q, Sitch S, O'Donnell JA, Kicklighter D, Sokolov A, Melillo J (2016). Importance of soil thermal regime in terrestrial ecosystem carbon dynamics in the circumpolar north. Global and Planetary Change, 142, 28-40. Abstract.
Harper AB, Cox PM, Friedlingstein P, Wiltshire AJ, Jones CD, Sitch S, Mercado LM, Groenendijk M, Robertson E, Kattge J, et al (2016). Improved representation of plant functional types and physiology in the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES v4.2) using plant trait information. Geoscientific Model Development, 9(7), 2415-2440. Abstract.  Full text.
Calle L, Canadell JG, Patra P, Ciais P, Ichii K, Tian H, Kondo M, Piao S, Arneth A, Harper AB, et al (2016). Regional carbon fluxes from land use and land cover change in Asia, 1980–2009. Environmental Research Letters, 11(7), 074011-074011. Full text.
Zhao F, Zeng N, Asrar G, Friedlingstein P, Ito A, Jain A, Kalnay E, Kato E, Koven C, Poulter B, et al (2016). Role of CO2, climate and land use in regulating the seasonal amplitude increase of carbon fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems: a multimodel analysis. Biogeosciences, 13(17), 5121-5137. Abstract.  Full text.
Murray-Tortarolo G, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Jaramillo VJ, Murguia-Flores F, Anav A, Liu Y, Arneth A, Arvanitis A, Harper A, et al (2016). The carbon cycle in Mexico: past, present and future of C stocks and fluxes. BIOGEOSCIENCES, 13(1), 223-238. Author URL.  Full text.
Murray-Tortarolo G, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Seneviratne SI, Fletcher I, Mueller B, Greve P, Anav A, Liu Y, Ahlström A, et al (2016). The dry season intensity as a key driver of NPP trends. Geophysical Research Letters, 43(6), 2632-2639. Abstract.
Hantson S, Arneth A, Harrison SP, Kelley DI, Prentice IC, Rabin SS, Archibald S, Mouillot F, Arnold SR, Artaxo P, et al (2016). The status and challenge of global fire modelling. Biogeosciences Discussions, 2016 Abstract.  Full text.
Hantson S, Arneth A, Harrison SP, Kelley DI, Colin Prentice I, Rabin SS, Archibald S, Mouillot F, Arnold SR, Artaxo P, et al (2016). The status and challenge of global fire modelling. Biogeosciences, 13(11), 3359-3375. Abstract.  Full text.
Cervarich M, Shu S, Jain AK, Arneth A, Canadell J, Friedlingstein P, Houghton RA, Kato E, Koven C, Patra P, et al (2016). The terrestrial carbon budget of South and Southeast Asia. Environmental Research Letters, 11(10). Abstract.  Full text.
Peng S, Ciais P, Chevallier F, Peylin P, Cadule P, Sitch S, Piao S, Ahlström A, Huntingford C, Levy P, et al (2015). Benchmarking the seasonal cycle of CO<inf>2</inf> fluxes simulated by terrestrial ecosystem models. Global Biogeochemical Cycles Abstract.
Peng S, Ciais P, Chevallier F, Peylin P, Cadule P, Sitch S, Piao S, Ahlström A, Huntingford C, Levy P, et al (2015). Benchmarking the seasonal cycle of CO<inf>2</inf> fluxes simulated by terrestrial ecosystem models. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29(1), 46-64. Abstract.
Pacifico F, Folberth GA, Sitch S, Haywood JM, Rizzo LV, Malavelle FF, Artaxo P (2015). Biomass burning related ozone damage on vegetation over the Amazon forest: a model sensitivity study. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15(5), 2791-2804. Abstract.  Full text.
Ahlström A, Raupach MR, Schurgers G, Smith B, Arneth A, Jung M, Reichstein M, Canadell JG, Friedlingstein P, Jain AK, et al (2015). Carbon cycle. The dominant role of semi-arid ecosystems in the trend and variability of the land CO₂ sink. Science, 348(6237), 895-899. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Huntingford C, Smith DM, Davies WJ, Falk R, Sitch S, Mercado LM (2015). Combining the [ABA] and net photosynthesis-based model equations of stomatal conductance. Ecological Modelling, 300, 81-88. Abstract.
Le Quéré C, Moriarty R, Andrew RM, Canadell JG, Sitch S, Korsbakken JI, Friedlingstein P, Peters GP, Andres RJ, Boden TA, et al (2015). Global Carbon Budget 2015. Earth System Science Data, 7(2), 349-396. Abstract.  Full text.
Le Quéré C, Moriarty R, Andrew RM, Peters GP, Ciais P, Friedlingstein P, Jones SD, Sitch S, Tans P, Arneth A, et al (2015). Global carbon budget 2014. Earth System Science Data, 7(1), 47-85. Abstract.  Full text.
Atkin OK, Bloomfield KJ, Reich PB, Tjoelker MG, Asner GP, Bonal D, Bönisch G, Bradford MG, Cernusak LA, Cosio EG, et al (2015). Global variability in leaf respiration in relation to climate, plant functional types and leaf traits. New Phytologist, 206(2), 614-636. Abstract.
Atkin OK, Bloomfield KJ, Reich PB, Tjoelker MG, Asner GP, Bonal D, Bönisch G, Bradford MG, Cernusak LA, Cosio EG, et al (2015). Global variability in leaf respiration in relation to climate, plant functional types and leaf traits. New Phytol, 206(2), 614-636. Abstract.  Author URL.
Yang H, Piao S, Zeng Z, Ciais P, Yin Y, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Ahlström A, Guimberteau M, Huntingford C, et al (2015). Multicriteria evaluation of discharge simulation in Dynamic Global Vegetation Models. Journal of Geophysical Research, 120(15), 7488-7505. Abstract.  Full text.
Sitch S, Friedlingstein P, Gruber N, Jones SD, Murray-Tortarolo G, Ahlström A, Doney SC, Graven H, Heinze C, Huntingford C, et al (2015). Recent trends and drivers of regional sources and sinks of carbon dioxide. Biogeosciences, 12(3), 653-679. Abstract.  Full text.
Osborne JM, Lambert FH, Groenendijk M, Harper AB, Koven CD, Poulter B, Pugh TAM, Sitch S, Stocker BD, Wiltshire A, et al (2015). Reconciling Precipitation with Runoff: Observed Hydrological Change in the Midlatitudes. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 16(6), 2403-2420. Full text.
Anav A, Friedlingstein P, Beer C, Ciais P, Harper A, Jones C, Murray-Tortarolo G, Papale D, Parazoo NC, Peylin P, et al (2015). Spatiotemporal patterns of terrestrial gross primary production: a review. Reviews of Geophysics Abstract.  Full text.
Frank DC, Poulter B, Saurer M, Esper J, Huntingford C, Helle G, Treydte K, Zimmermann NE, Schleser GH, Ahlström A, et al (2015). Water-use efficiency and transpiration across European forests during the Anthropocene. Nature Climate Change, 5(6), 579-583. Abstract.
Valentini R, Arneth A, Bombelli A, Castaldi S, Cazzolla Gatti R, Chevallier F, Ciais P, Grieco E, Hartmann J, Henry M, et al (2014). A full greenhouse gases budget of africa: Synthesis, uncertainties, and vulnerabilities. Biogeosciences, 11(2), 381-407. Abstract.
Fyllas NM, Gloor E, Mercado LM, Sitch S, Quesada CA, Domingues TF, Galbraith DR, Torre-Lezama A, Vilanova E, Ramírez-Angulo H, et al (2014). Analysing Amazonian forest productivity using a new individual and trait-based model (TFS v.1). Geoscientific Model Development, 7(4), 1251-1269. Abstract.
Poulter B, Frank D, Ciais P, Myneni RB, Andela N, Bi J, Broquet G, Canadell JG, Chevallier F, Liu YY, et al (2014). Contribution of semi-arid ecosystems to interannual variability of the global carbon cycle. Nature, 509(7502), 600-603. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Piao S, Nan H, Huntingford C, Ciais P, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Peng S, Ahlström A, Canadell JG, Cong N, et al (2014). Evidence for a weakening relationship between interannual temperature variability and northern vegetation activity. Nat Commun, 5 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Le Quéré C, Peters GP, Andres RJ, Andrew RM, Boden TA, Ciais P, Friedlingstein P, Houghton RA, Marland G, Moriarty R, et al (2014). Global carbon budget 2013. Earth System Science Data, 6(1), 235-263. Abstract.  Full text.
Fisher JB, Huntzinger DN, Schwalm CR, Sitch S (2014). Modeling the terrestrial biosphere. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 39, 91-123. Abstract.
Fisher JB, Sikka M, Sitch S, Ciais P, Poulter B, Galbraith D, Lee JE, Huntingford C, Viovy N, Zeng N, et al (2013). African tropical rainforest net carbon dioxide fluxes in the twentieth century. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 368(1625). Abstract.
Fisher JB, Sikka M, Sitch S, Ciais P, Poulter B, Galbraith D, Lee J-E, Huntingford C, Viovy N, Zeng N, et al (2013). African tropical rainforest net carbon dioxide fluxes in the twentieth century. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 368(1625). Abstract.  Author URL.
Moriarty R, Buitenhuis ET, Le Quere C, Gosselin M-P (2013). Distribution of known macrozooplankton abundance and biomass in the global ocean. EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE DATA, 5(2), 241-257. Author URL.
Wang W, Ciais P, Nemani RR, Canadell JG, Piao S, Sitch S, White MA, Hashimoto H, Milesi C, Myneni RB, et al (2013). Erratum: Variations in atmospheric CO2 growth rates coupled with tropical temperature (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2013) 110, 32 (13061-13066) DOI:10.1073/pnas.1219683110). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(37).
Anav A, Murray-Tortarolo G, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Piao S, Zhu Z (2013). Evaluation of land surface models in reproducing satellite derived leaf area index over the high-latitude northern hemisphere. Part II: Earth system models. Remote Sensing, 5(8), 3637-3661. Abstract.  Full text.
Murray-Tortarolo G, Anav A, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Piao S, Zhu Z, Poulter B, Zaehle S, Ahlström A, Lomas M, et al (2013). Evaluation of land surface models in reproducing satellite-derived LAI over the high-latitude northern hemisphere. Part I: Uncoupled DGVMs. Remote Sensing, 5(10), 4819-4838. Abstract.  Full text.
Piao S, Sitch S, Ciais P, Friedlingstein P, Peylin P, Wang X, Ahlström A, Anav A, Canadell JG, Cong N, et al (2013). Evaluation of terrestrial carbon cycle models for their response to climate variability and to CO2 trends. Glob Chang Biol, 19(7), 2117-2132. Abstract.  Author URL.
Piao S, Sitch S, Ciais P, Friedlingstein P, Peylin P, Wang X, Ahlström A, Anav A, Canadell JG, Cong N, et al (2013). Evaluation of terrestrial carbon cycle models for their response to climate variability and to CO<inf>2</inf> trends. Global Change Biology, 19(7), 2117-2132. Abstract.
Huntingford C, Zelazowski P, Galbraith D, Mercado LM, Sitch S, Fisher R, Lomas M, Walker AP, Jones CD, Booth BBB, et al (2013). Simulated resilience of tropical rainforests to CO <inf>2</inf> -induced climate change. Nature Geoscience, 6(4), 268-273. Abstract.
Le Quéré C, Andres RJ, Boden T, Conway T, Houghton RA, House JI, Marland G, Peters GP, Van Der Werf GR, Ahlström A, et al (2013). The global carbon budget 1959-2011. Earth System Science Data, 5(1), 165-185. Abstract.  Full text.
Wang W, Ciais P, Nemani RR, Canadell JG, Piao S, Sitch S, White MA, Hashimoto H, Milesi C, Myneni RB, et al (2013). Variations in atmospheric CO2 growth rates coupled with tropical temperature. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 110(32), 13061-13066. Abstract.  Author URL.
Booth BBB, Jones CD, Collins M, Totterdell IJ, Cox PM, Sitch S, Huntingford C, Betts RA, Harris GR, Lloyd J, et al (2012). High sensitivity of future global warming to land carbon cycle processes. Environmental Research Letters, 7(2). Abstract.
Gloor M, Gatti L, Brienen R, Feldpausch TR, Phillips OL, Miller J, Ometto JP, Rocha H, Baker T, De Jong B, et al (2012). The carbon balance of South America: a review of the status, decadal trends and main determinants. Biogeosciences, 9(12), 5407-5430. Abstract.  Full text.
Piao SL, Ito A, Li SG, Huang Y, Ciais P, Wang XH, Peng SS, Nan HJ, Zhao C, Ahlström A, et al (2012). The carbon budget of terrestrial ecosystems in East Asia over the last two decades. Biogeosciences, 9(9), 3571-3586. Abstract.
Ainsworth EA, Yendrek CR, Sitch S, Collins WJ, Emberson LD (2012). The effects of tropospheric ozone on net primary productivity and implications for climate change. Annu Rev Plant Biol, 63, 637-661. Abstract.  Author URL.
Jiang Y, Zhuang Q, Schaphoff S, Sitch S, Sokolov A, Kicklighter D, Melillo J (2012). Uncertainty analysis of vegetation distribution in the northern high latitudes during the 21st century with a dynamic vegetation model. Ecol Evol, 2(3), 593-614. Abstract.  Author URL.
Blyth E, Clark DB, Ellis R, Huntingford C, Los S, Pryor M, Best M, Sitch S (2011). A comprehensive set of benchmark tests for a land surface model of simultaneous fluxes of water and carbon at both the global and seasonal scale. GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT, 4(2), 255-269. Author URL.
Pan Y, Birdsey RA, Fang J, Houghton R, Kauppi PE, Kurz WA, Phillips OL, Shvidenko A, Lewis SL, Canadell JG, et al (2011). A large and persistent carbon sink in the world's forests. Science, 333(6045), 988-993. Abstract.  Author URL.
Good P, Caesar J, Bernie D, Lowe JA, van der Linden P, Gosling SN, Warren R, Arnell NW, Smith S, Bamber J, et al (2011). A review of recent developments in climate change science. Part I: Understanding of future change in the large-scale climate system. Progress in Physical Geography, 35(3), 281-296. Abstract.
Zelazowski P, Malhi Y, Huntingford C, Sitch S, Fisher JB (2011). Changes in the potential distribution of humid tropical forests on a warmer planet. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 369(1934), 137-160. Abstract.  Author URL.
Collins WJ, Bellouin N, Doutriaux-Boucher M, Gedney N, Halloran P, Hinton T, Hughes J, Jones CD, Joshi M, Liddicoat S, et al (2011). Development and evaluation of an Earth-System model-HadGEM2. GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT, 4(4), 1051-1075. Author URL.
Van der Molen MK, Dolman AJ, Ciais P, Eglin T, Gobron N, Law BE, Meir P, Peters W, Phillips OL, Reichstein M, et al (2011). Drought and ecosystem carbon cycling. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 151(7), 765-773. Abstract.
Mercado LM, Lloyd J, Dolman AJ, Sitch S, Patiño S (2011). Erratum: Modelling basin-wide variations in Amazon forest productivity &amp;ndash; Part 1: Model calibration, evaluation and upscaling functions for canopy photosynthesis" published in Biogeosciences, 6, 1247&amp;ndash;1272, 2009 (Biogeosciences). Biogeosciences, 8(3), 653-656.
Pacifico F, Harrison SP, Jones CD, Arneth A, Sitch S, Weedon GP, Barkley MP, Palmer PI, Serça D, Potosnak M, et al (2011). Evaluation of a photosynthesis-based biogenic isoprene emission scheme in JULES and simulation of isoprene emissions under present-day climate conditions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(9), 4371-4389. Abstract.
Huntingford C, Cox PM, Mercado LM, Sitch S, Bellouin N, Boucher O, Gedney N (2011). Highly contrasting effects of different climate forcing agents on terrestrial ecosystem services. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 369(1943), 2026-2037. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Mercado LM, Lloyd J, Dolman AJ, Sitch S, Patino S (2011). Modelling basin-wide variations in Amazon forest productivity - Part 1: Model calibration, evaluation and upscaling functions for canopy photosynthesis (vol 6, pg 1247, 2009). BIOGEOSCIENCES, 8(3), 653-656. Author URL.
Best MJ, Pryor M, Clark DB, Rooney GG, Essery RLH, Menard CB, Edwards JM, Hendry MA, Porson A, Gedney N, et al (2011). The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES), model description - Part 1: Energy and water fluxes. GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT, 4(3), 677-699. Author URL.
Clark DB, Mercado LM, Sitch S, Jones CD, Gedney N, Best MJ, Pryor M, Rooney GG, Essery RLH, Blyth E, et al (2011). The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES), model description - Part 2: Carbon fluxes and vegetation dynamics. GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT, 4(3), 701-722. Author URL.
Mercado LM, Patiño S, Domingues TF, Fyllas NM, Weedon GP, Sitch S, Quesada CA, Phillips OL, Aragão LEOC, Malhi Y, et al (2011). Variations in Amazon forest productivity correlated with foliar nutrients and modelled rates of photosynthetic carbon supply. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 366(1582), 3316-3329. Abstract.  Author URL.
Fisher R, McDowell N, Purves D, Moorcroft P, Sitch S, Cox P, Huntingford C, Meir P, Woodward FI (2010). Assessing uncertainties in a second-generation dynamic vegetation model caused by ecological scale limitations. New Phytol, 187(3), 666-681. Abstract.  Author URL.
Cadule P, Friedlingstein P, Bopp L, Sitch S, Jones CD, Ciais P, Piao SL, Peylin P (2010). Benchmarking coupled climate-carbon models against long-term atmospheric CO <inf>2</inf> measurements. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24(2). Abstract.
Fisher JB, Sitch S, Malhi Y, Fisher RA, Huntingford C, Tan S-Y (2010). Carbon cost of plant nitrogen acquisition: a mechanistic, globally applicable model of plant nitrogen uptake, retranslocation, and fixation. GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES, 24 Author URL.
Pacifico F, Harrison SP, Jones CD, Arneth A, Sitch S, Weedon GP, Barkley MP, Palmer PI, Serça D, Potosnak M, et al (2010). Evaluation of a photosynthesis-based biogenic isoprene emission scheme in JULES and simulation of isoprene emissions under modern climate conditions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 10(11), 28311-28354.
Arneth A, Sitch S, Bondeau A, Butterbach-Bahl K, Foster P, Gedney N, De Noblet-Ducoudré N, Prentice IC, Sanderson M, Thonicke K, et al (2010). From biota to chemistry and climate: Towards a comprehensive description of trace gas exchange between the biosphere and atmosphere. Biogeosciences, 7(1), 121-149. Abstract.
Collins WJ, Sitch S, Boucher O (2010). How vegetation impacts affect climate metrics for ozone precursors. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 115(23). Abstract.
Huntingford C, Booth BBB, Sitch S, Gedney N, Lowe JA, Liddicoat SK, Mercado LM, Best MJ, Weedon GP, Fisher RA, et al (2010). IMOGEN: an intermediate complexity model to evaluate terrestrial impacts of a changing climate. GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT, 3(2), 679-687. Author URL.
Doherty RM, Sitch S, Smith B, Lewis SL, Thornton PK (2010). Implications of future climate and atmospheric CO<inf>2</inf> content for regional biogeochemistry, biogeography and ecosystem services across East Africa. Global Change Biology, 16(2), 617-640. Abstract.
Galbraith D, Levy PE, Sitch S, Huntingford C, Cox P, Williams M, Meir P (2010). Multiple mechanisms of Amazonian forest biomass losses in three dynamic global vegetation models under climate change. New Phytol, 187(3), 647-665. Abstract.  Author URL.
Poulter B, Hattermann F, Hawkins E, Zaehle S, Sitch S, Restrepo-Coupe N, Heyder U, Cramer W (2010). Robust dynamics of Amazon dieback to climate change with perturbed ecosystem model parameters. Global Change Biology, 16(9), 2476-2495. Abstract.
Friedlingstein P, Cadule P, Piao SL, Ciais P, Sitch S (2010). The African contribution to the global climate-carbon cycle feedback of the 21st century. Biogeosciences, 7(2), 513-519. Abstract.
Lewis SL, Lloyd J, Sitch S, Mitchard ETA, Laurance WF (2009). Changing ecology of tropical forests: Evidence and drivers. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 40, 529-549. Abstract.
Malhi Y, Aragão LEOC, Galbraith D, Huntingford C, Fisher R, Zelazowski P, Sitch S, McSweeney C, Meir P (2009). Exploring the likelihood and mechanism of a climate-change-induced dieback of the Amazon rainforest. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 106(49), 20610-20615. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mercado LM, Bellouin N, Sitch S, Boucher O, Huntingford C, Wild M, Cox PM (2009). Impact of changes in diffuse radiation on the global land carbon sink. Nature, 458(7241), 1014-1017. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Pacifico F, Harrison SP, Jones CD, Sitch S (2009). Isoprene emissions and climate. Atmospheric Environment, 43(39), 6121-6135. Abstract.
Mercado LM, Lloyd J, Dolman AJ, Sitch S, Patiño S (2009). Modelling basin-wide variations in Amazon forest productivity - Part 1: Model calibration, evaluation and upscaling functions for canopy photosynthesis. Biogeosciences, 6(7), 1247-1272. Abstract.
Piao S, Fang J, Ciais P, Peylin P, Huang Y, Sitch S, Wang T (2009). The carbon balance of terrestrial ecosystems in China. Nature, 458(7241), 1009-1013. Abstract.  Author URL.
Le Quéré C, Raupach MR, Canadell JG, Marland G, Bopp L, Ciais P, Conway TJ, Doney SC, Feely RA, Foster P, et al (2009). Trends in the sources and sinks of carbon dioxide. Nature Geoscience, 2(12), 831-836. Abstract.
O'ishi R, Abe-Ouchi A, Prentice IC, Sitch S (2009). Vegetation dynamics and plant CO<inf>2</inf>responses as positive feedbacks in a greenhouse world. Geophysical Research Letters, 36(11). Abstract.
Huntingford C, Fisher RA, Mercado L, Booth BBB, Sitch S, Harris PP, Cox PM, Jones CD, Betts RA, Malhi Y, et al (2008). "Towards quantifying uncertainty in predictions of Amazon """"dieback""""". Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B. Author URL.  Full text.
Sitch S, Huntingford C, Gedney N, Levy PE, Lomas M, Piao SL, Betts R, Ciais P, Cox P, Friedlingstein P, et al (2008). Evaluation of the terrestrial carbon cycle, future plant geography and climate-carbon cycle feedbacks using five Dynamic Global Vegetation Models (DGVMs). GLOBAL CHANGE BIOL, 14(9), 2015-2039. Abstract.
Friedlingstein P, Cadule P, Piao SL, Ciais P, Sitch S (2008). The African contribution to the global climate-carbon cycle feedback of the 21st century. Biogeosciences Discussions, 5(6), 4847-4866.
Sitch S, McGuire AD, Kimball J, Gedney N, Gamon J, Engstrom R, Wolf A, Zhuang Q, Clein J, McDonald KC, et al (2007). Assessing the carbon balance of circumpolar Arctic tundra using remote sensing and process modeling. Ecol Appl, 17(1), 213-234. Abstract.  Author URL.
Friend AD, Arneth A, Kiang NY, Lomas M, Ogée J, Rödenbeck C, Running SW, Santaren JD, Sitch S, Viovy N, et al (2007). FLUXNET and modelling the global carbon cycle. Global Change Biology, 13(3), 610-633. Abstract.
Sitch S, Cox PM, Collins W, Huntingford C (2007). Indirect radiative forcing of climate change through ozone effects on the land-carbon sink. Nature, 448(7155), 791-794.
Zaehle S, Bondeau A, Carter TR, Cramer W, Erhard M, Prentice IC, Reginster I, Rounsevell MDA, Sitch S, Smith B, et al (2007). Projected changes in terrestrial carbon storage in Europe under climate and land-use change, 1990-2100. Ecosystems, 10(3), 380-401. Abstract.
Pope V, Brown S, Clark R, Collins M, Collins W, Dearden C, Gunson J, Harris G, Jones C, Keen A, et al (2007). The Met Office Hadley Centre climate modelling capability: the competing requirements for improved resolution, complexity and dealing with uncertainty. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 365(1860), 2635-2657. Abstract.  Author URL.
Ni J, Harrison SP, Colin Prentice I, Kutzbach JE, Sitch S (2006). Impact of climate variability on present and Holocene vegetation: a model-based study. Ecological Modelling, 191(3-4), 469-486. Abstract.
Schaphoff S, Lucht W, Gerten D, Sitch S, Cramer W, Prentice IC (2006). Terrestrial biosphere carbon storage under alternative climate projections. Climatic Change, 74(1-3), 97-122. Abstract.
Zaehle S, Sitch S, Prentice IC, Liski J, Cramer W, Erhard M, Hickler T, Smith B (2006). The importance of age-related decline in forest NPP for modeling regional carbon balances. Ecol Appl, 16(4), 1555-1574. Abstract.  Author URL.
Krinner G, Viovy N, de Noblet-Ducoudré N, Ogée J, Polcher J, Friedlingstein P, Ciais P, Sitch S, Prentice IC (2005). A dynamic global vegetation model for studies of the coupled atmosphere-biosphere system. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19(1), 1-33. Abstract.
Morales P, Sykes MT, Prentice IC, Smith P, Smith B, Bugmann H, Zierl B, Friedlingstein P, Viovy N, Sabaté S, et al (2005). Comparing and evaluating process-based ecosystem model predictions of carbon and water fluxes in major European forest biomes. Global Change Biology, 11(12), 2211-2233. Abstract.
Schröter D, Cramer W, Leemans R, Prentice IC, Araújo MB, Arnell NW, Bondeau A, Bugmann H, Carter TR, Gracia CA, et al (2005). Ecology: Ecosystem service supply and vulnerability to global change in Europe. Science, 310(5752), 1333-1337. Abstract.
Schröter D, Cramer W, Leemans R, Prentice IC, Araújo MB, Arnell NW, Bondeau A, Bugmann H, Carter TR, Gracia CA, et al (2005). Ecosystem service supply and vulnerability to global change in Europe. Science, 310(5752), 1333-1337. Abstract.  Author URL.
Zaehle S, Sitch S, Smith B, Hatterman F (2005). Effects of parameter uncertainties on the modeling of terrestrial biosphere dynamics. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19(3), 1-16. Abstract.
Sitch S, Brovkin V, von Bloh W, van Vuuren D, Eickhout B, Ganopolski A (2005). Impacts of future land cover changes on atmospheric CO<inf>2</inf> and climate. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19(2), 1-15. Abstract.
Peylin P, Bousquet P, Le Quéré C, Sitch S, Friedlingstein P, McKinley G, Gruber N, Rayner P, Ciais P (2005). Multiple constraints on regional CO<inf>2</inf> flux variations over land and oceans. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19(1), 1-21. Abstract.
Callaghan TV, Björn LO, Chernov Y, Chapin T, Christensen TR, Huntley B, Ims RA, Johansson M, Jolly D, Jonasson S, et al (2004). Effects of changes in climate on landscape and regional processes, and feedbacks to the climate system. Ambio, 33(7), 459-468. Abstract.  Author URL.
Callaghan TV, Björn LO, Chernov Y, Chapin T, Christensen TR, Huntley B, Ims RA, Johansson M, Jolly D, Jonasson S, et al (2004). Key findings and extended summaries. Ambio, 33(7), 386-392. Author URL.
Badeck FW, Bondeau A, Böttcher K, Doktor D, Lucht W, Schaber J, Sitch S (2004). Responses of spring phenology to climate change. New Phytologist, 162(2), 295-309. Abstract.
Brovkin V, Sitch S, von Bloh W, Claussen M, Bauer E, Cramer W (2004). Role of land cover changes for atmospheric CO<inf>2</inf> increase and climate change during the last 150 years. Global Change Biology, 10(8), 1253-1266. Abstract.
Callaghan TV, Björn LO, Chernov Y, Chapin T, Christensen TR, Huntley B, Ims RA, Johansson M, Jolly D, Jonasson S, et al (2004). Synthesis of effects in four Arctic subregions. Ambio, 33(7), 469-473. Abstract.  Author URL.
Gerten D, Schaphoff S, Haberlandt U, Lucht W, Sitch S (2004). Terrestrial vegetation and water balance - Hydrological evaluation of a dynamic global vegetation model. Journal of Hydrology, 286(1-4), 249-270. Abstract.
Cramer W, Bondeau A, Schaphoff S, Lucht W, Smith B, Sitch S (2004). Tropical forests and the global carbon cycle: impacts of atmospheric carbon dioxide, climate change and rate of deforestation. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 359(1443), 331-343. Abstract.  Author URL.
Bonan GB, Levis S, Sitch S, Vertenstein M, Oleson KW (2003). A dynamic global vegetation model for use with climate models: Concepts and description of simulated vegetation dynamics. Global Change Biology, 9(11), 1543-1566. Abstract.
Gerber S, Joos F, Brügger P, Stocker TF, Mann ME, Sitch S, Scholze M (2003). Constraining temperature variations over the last millennium by comparing simulated and observed atmospheric CO<inf>2</inf>. Climate Dynamics, 20(2-3), 281-299. Abstract.
Sitch S, Smith B, Prentice IC, Arneth A, Bondeau A, Cramer W, Kaplan JO, Levis S, Lucht W, Sykes MT, et al (2003). Evaluation of ecosystem dynamics, plant geography and terrestrial carbon cycling in the LPJ dynamic global vegetation model. Global Change Biology, 9(2), 161-185. Abstract.
Bachelet D, Neilson RP, Hickler T, Drapek RJ, Lenihan JM, Sykes MT, Smith B, Sitch S, Thonicke K (2003). Simulating past and future dynamics of natural ecosystems in the United States. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 17(2), 14-11. Abstract.
Lucht W, Prentice IC, Myneni RB, Sitch S, Friedlingstein P, Cramer W, Bousquet P, Buermann W, Smith B (2002). Climatic control of the high-latitude vegetation greening trend and Pinatubo effect. Science, 296(5573), 1687-1689. Abstract.  Author URL.
Dargaville RJ, Heimann M, McGuire AD, Prentice IC, Kicklighter DW, Joos F, Clein JS, Esser G, Foley J, Kaplan J, et al (2002). Evaluation of terrestrial carbon cycle models with atmospheric CO<inf>2</inf> measurements: Results from transient simulations considering increasing CO<inf>2</inf>, climate, and land-use effects. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16(4), 39-31. Abstract.
Venevsky S, Thonicke K, Sitch S, Cramer W (2002). Simulating fire regimes in human-dominated ecosystems: Iberian Peninsula case study. Global Change Biology, 8(10), 984-998. Abstract.
McGuire AD, Sitch S, Clein JS, Dargaville R, Esser G, Foley J, Heimann M, Joos F, Kaplan J, Kicklighter DW, et al (2001). Carbon balance of the terrestrial biosphere in the twentieth century: Analyses of CO<inf>2</inf>, climate and land use effects with four process-based ecosytem models. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 15(1), 183-206. Abstract.
Cramer W, Bondeau A, Woodward FI, Prentice IC, Betts RA, Brovkin V, Cox PM, Fisher V, Foley JA, Friend AD, et al (2001). Global response of terrestrial ecosystem structure and function to CO<inf>2</inf> and climate change: Results from six dynamic global vegetation models. Global Change Biology, 7(4), 357-373. Abstract.
Joos F, Colin Prentice I, Sitch S, Meyer R, Hooss G, Plattner GK, Gerber S, Hasselmann K (2001). Global warming feedbacks on terrestrial carbon uptake under the intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) emission scenarios. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 15(4), 891-907. Abstract.
Thonicke K, Venevsky S, Sitch S, Cramer W (2001). The role of fire disturbance for global vegetation dynamics: Coupling fire into a dynamic global vegetation model. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 10(6), 661-677. Abstract.
Prentice IC, Heimann M, Sitch S (2000). The carbon balance of the terrestrial biosphere: Ecosystem models and atmospheric observations. Ecological Applications, 10(6), 1553-1573. Abstract.
Fosberg MA, Cramer W, Brovkin V, Fleming R, Gardner R, Gill AM, Goldammer JG, Keane R, Koehler P, Lenihan J, et al (1999). Strategy for a Fire Module in Dynamic Global Vegetation Models. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 9(1), 79-84.
Heimann M, Esser G, Haxeltine A, Kaduk J, Kicklighter DW, Knorr W, Kohlmaier GH, McGuire AD, Melillo J, Moore B, et al (1998). Evaluation of terrestrial carbon cycle models through simulations of the seasonal cycle of atmospheric CO<inf>2</inf>: First results of a model intercomparison study. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 12(1), 1-24. Abstract.
Pan Y, Melillo JM, McGuire AD, Kicklighter DW, Pitelka LF, Hibbard K, Pierce LL, Running SW, Ojima DS, Parton WJ, et al (1998). Modeled responses of terrestrial ecosystems to elevated atmospheric CO<inf>2</inf>: a comparison of simulations by the biogeochemistry models of the Vegetation/Ecosystem Modeling and Analysis Project (VEMAP). Oecologia, 114(3), 389-404. Abstract.
Schimel DS, Braswell BH, Emanuel W, Rizzo B, Smith T, Woodward FI, Fisher H, Kittel TGF, McKeown R, Painter T, et al (1997). Continental scale variability in ecosystem processes: Models, data, and the role of disturbance. Ecological Monographs, 67(2), 251-271. Abstract.
Foley JA, Prentice IC, Ramankutty N, Levis S, Pollard D, Sitch S, Haxeltine A (1996). An integrated biosphere model of land surface processes, terrestrial carbon balance, and vegetation dynamics. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 10(4), 603-628. Abstract.
Christensen TR, Prentice IC, Kaplan J, Haxeltine A, Sitch S (1996). Methane flux from northern wetlands and tundra: an ecosystem source modelling approach. Tellus, Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 48(5), 652-661. Abstract.
MELILLO JM, BORCHERS J, CHANEY J, FISHER H, FOX S, HAXELTINE A, JANETOS A, KICKLIGHTER DW, KITTEL TGF, MCGUIRE AD, et al (1995). VEGETATION ECOSYSTEM MODELING AND ANALYSIS PROJECT - COMPARING BIOGEOGRAPHY AND BIOGEOCHEMISTRY MODELS IN a CONTINENTAL-SCALE STUDY OF TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES TO CLIMATE-CHANGE AND CO2 DOUBLING. GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES, 9(4), 407-437. Author URL.

Chapters

Cramer W, Bondeau A, Schaphoff S, Lucht W, Smith B, Sitch S (2007). Twenty-first century atmospheric change and deforestation: Potential impacts on tropical forests. In  (Ed) Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change.  Abstract.

Conferences

Rowland LM, Meir P, Mencuccini M, Binks OJ, da Costa ACL, Oliveria RS, Mercado L, Vasconcelos SS, de Oliveria AAR, Christoffersen BO, et al (2016). Does inter-specific variation prevent division of tropical trees into drought sensitive and resistant groups?. Association of tropical Biology and Conservation. 19th - 23rd Jun 2016. Abstract.
Rowland LM, da Costa ACL, Oliveira RS, Binks OJ, Mercado L, Vasconcelos SS, de Oliveira AAR, Salmon Y, Ferreira LV, Sitch S, et al (2016). Is sap flow a good indicator of drought-induced mortality risk in tropical rainforest. Association of Tropical Biology and Conservation. 19th - 23rd Jun 2016. Abstract.
Pan Y, McGuire AD, Melillo JM, Kicklighter DW, Sitch S, Prentice IC (2002). A biogeochemistry-based dynamic vegetation model and its application along a moisture gradient in the continental United States.  Abstract.
Kicklighter DW, Bruno M, Dönges S, Esser G, Heimann M, Helfrich J, Ift F, Joos F, Kaduk J, Kohlmaier GH, et al (1999). A first-order analysis of the potential role of CO<inf>2</inf> fertilization to affect the global carbon budget: a comparison of four terrestrial biosphere models.  Abstract.

Publications by year


In Press

Rogers A, Medlyn BE, Dukes JS, Bonan G, von Caemmerer S, Dietze MC, Kattge J, Leakey ADB, Mercado LM, Niinemets Ü, et al (In Press). A roadmap for improving the representation of photosynthesis in Earth system models. New Phytol, 213(1), 22-42. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Jung M, Reichstein M, Schwalm CR, Huntingford C, Sitch S, Ahlström A, Arneth A, Camps-Valls G, Ciais P, Friedlingstein P, et al (In Press). Compensatory water effects link yearly global land CO2 sink changes to temperature. Nature, 541(7638), 516-520. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Navarrete D, Sitch S, Aragão LEOC, Pedroni L (In Press). Conversion from forests to pastures in the Colombian Amazon leads to contrasting soil carbon dynamics depending on land management practices. Glob Chang Biol, 22(10), 3503-3517. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Bastos A, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Chen C, Mialon A, Wigneron J-P, Arora VK, Briggs PR, Canadell JG, Ciais P, et al (In Press). Impact of the 2015/2016 El Niño on the terrestrial carbon cycle constrained by bottom-up and top-down approaches. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 373(1760). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Harper AB, Powell T, Cox PM, House J, Huntingford C, Lenton TM, Sitch S, Burke E, Chadburn SE, Collins WJ, et al (In Press). Land-use emissions play a critical role in land-based mitigation for Paris climate targets. Nat Commun, 9(1). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Mercado LM, Medlyn BE, Huntingford C, Oliver R, Clark D, Sitch S, Zelazowski P, Kattge J, Harper A, Cox PM, et al (In Press). Large sensitivity in land carbon storage due to geographical and temporal variation in the thermal response of photosynthetic capacity. New Phytologist Full text.
Krause A, Pugh TAM, Bayer AD, Li W, Leung F, Bondeau A, Doelman JC, Humpenöder F, Anthoni P, Bodirsky BL, et al (In Press). Large uncertainty in carbon uptake potential of land-based climate-change mitigation efforts. Glob Chang Biol, 24(7), 3025-3038. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Eller CB, Rowland L, Oliveira RS, Bittencourt PRL, Barros FV, da Costa ACL, Meir P, Friend AD, Mencuccini M, Sitch S, et al (In Press). Modelling tropical forest responses to drought and El Niño with a stomatal optimization model based on xylem hydraulics. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 373(1760). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Piao S, Liu Z, Wang Y, Ciais P, Yao Y, Peng S, Chevallier F, Friedlingstein P, Janssens IA, Peñuelas J, et al (In Press). On the causes of trends in the seasonal amplitude of atmospheric CO2. Glob Chang Biol, 24(2), 608-616. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Zhang Y, Xiao X, Guanter L, Zhou S, Ciais P, Joiner J, Sitch S, Wu X, Nabel J, Dong J, et al (In Press). Precipitation and carbon-water coupling jointly control the interannual variability of global land gross primary production. Sci Rep, 6 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Humphrey V, Zscheischler J, Ciais P, Gudmundsson L, Sitch S, Seneviratne SI (In Press). Sensitivity of atmospheric CO2 growth rate to observed changes in terrestrial water storage. Nature, 560(7720), 628-631. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Friedlingstein P (In Press). The terrestrial biosphere as a net source of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. (0028-0836). Abstract.  Full text.
Buermann W, Forkel M, O'Sullivan M, Sitch S, Friedlingstein P, Haverd V, Jain AK, Kato E, Kautz M, Lienert S, et al (In Press). Widespread seasonal compensation effects of spring warming on northern plant productivity. Nature, 562(7725), 110-114. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.

2019

Forkel M, Andela N, P Harrison S, Lasslop G, Van Marle M, Chuvieco E, Dorigo W, Forrest M, Hantson S, Heil A, et al (2019). Emergent relationships with respect to burned area in global satellite observations and fire-enabled vegetation models. Biogeosciences, 16(1), 57-76. Abstract.  Full text.
Fernandez-Martinez M, Sardans J, Chevallier F, Ciais P, Obersteiner M, Vicca S, Canadell JG, Bastos A, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, et al (2019). Global trends in carbon sinks and their relationships with CO2 and temperature. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE, 9(1), 73-+. Author URL.  Full text.
Anav A, De Marco A, Friedlingstein P, Savi F, Sicard P, Sitch S, Vitale M, Paoletti E (2019). Growing season extension affects ozone uptake by European forests. Science of the Total Environment, 669, 1043-1052. Abstract.
Chen W, Zhu D, Huang C, Ciais P, Yao Y, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Haverd V, Jain AK, Kato E, et al (2019). Negative extreme events in gross primary productivity and their drivers in China during the past three decades. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 275, 47-58. Abstract.
Malavelle FF, Haywood JM, Mercado LM, Folberth GA, Bellouin N, Sitch S, Artaxo P (2019). Studying the impact of biomass burning aerosol radiative and climate effects on the Amazon rainforest productivity with an Earth system model. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19(2), 1301-1326. Abstract.  Full text.

2018

Pugh TAM, Jones CD, Huntingford C, Burton C, Arneth A, Brovkin V, Ciais P, Lomas M, Robertson E, Piao SL, et al (2018). A Large Committed Long-Term Sink of Carbon due to Vegetation Dynamics. Earth's Future Abstract.  Full text.
Wu D, Ciais P, Viovy N, Knapp AK, Wilcox K, Bahn M, Smith MD, Vicca S, Fatichi S, Zscheischler J, et al (2018). Asymmetric responses of primary productivity to altered precipitation simulated by ecosystem models across three long-term grassland sites. Biogeosciences, 15, 3421-3437. Abstract.  Full text.
Duveiller G, Forzieri G, Robertson E, Li W, Georgievski G, Lawrence P, Wiltshire A, Ciais P, Pongratz J, Sitch S, et al (2018). Biophysics and vegetation cover change: a process-based evaluation framework for confronting land surface models with satellite observations. Earth System Science Data, 10(3), 1265-1279. Abstract.  Full text.
Comyn-Platt E, Hayman G, Huntingford C, Chadburn SE, Burke EJ, Harper AB, Collins WJ, Webber CP, Powell T, Cox PM, et al (2018). Carbon budgets for 1.5 and 2 °C targets lowered by natural wetland and permafrost feedbacks. Nature Geoscience, 1-6. Abstract.  Full text.
Wang J, Zeng N, Wang M, Jiang F, Chen J, Friedlingstein P, Jain AK, Jiang Z, Ju W, Lienert S, et al (2018). Contrasting interannual atmospheric CO2 variabilities and their terrestrial mechanisms for two types of El Ninos. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18(14), 10333-10345. Full text.
Comyn-Platt E, Hayman G, Huntingford C, Chadburn SE, Burke EJ, Harper AB, Collins WJ, Webber CP, Powell T, Cox PM, et al (2018). Erratum to: Carbon budgets for 1.5 and 2 °C targets lowered by natural wetland and permafrost feedbacks (Nature Geoscience, (2018), 11, 8, (568-573), 10.1038/s41561-018-0174-9). Nature Geoscience, 11(11), 882-886. Abstract.  Full text.
Forzieri G, Duveiller G, Georgievski G, Li W, Robertson E, Kautz M, Lawrence P, Garcia San Martin L, Anthoni P, Ciais P, et al (2018). Evaluating the Interplay Between Biophysical Processes and Leaf Area Changes in Land Surface Models. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 10(5), 1102-1126. Abstract.  Full text.
Le Quéré C, Andrew RM, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Pongratz J, Manning AC, Ivar Korsbakken J, Peters GP, Canadell JG, Jackson RB, et al (2018). Global Carbon Budget 2017. Earth System Science Data, 10(1), 405-448. Abstract.  Full text.
Le Quéré C, Andrew RM, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Hauck J, Pongratz J, Pickers PA, Korsbakken JI, Peters GP, Canadell JG, et al (2018). Global Carbon Budget 2018. Earth System Science Data, 10, 2141-2194. Full text.
Collins WJ, Webber CP, Cox PM, Huntingford C, Lowe J, Sitch S, Chadburn SE, Comyn-Platt E, Harper AB, Hayman G, et al (2018). Increased importance of methane reduction for a 1.5 degree target. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 13(5). Author URL.  Full text.
Kondo M, Ichii K, Patra PK, Canadell JG, Poulter B, Sitch S, Calle L, Liu YY, van Dijk AIJM, Saeki T, et al (2018). Land use change and El Niño-Southern Oscillation drive decadal carbon balance shifts in Southeast Asia. Nature Communications, 9 Abstract.  Full text.
Oliver RJ, Mercado LM, Sitch S, Simpson D, Medlyn BE, Lin YS, Folberth GA (2018). Large but decreasing effect of ozone on the European carbon sink. Biogeosciences, 15, 4245-4269. Abstract.  Full text.
He W, Ju W, Schwalm CR, Sippel S, Wu X, He Q, Song L, Zhang C, Li J, Sitch S, et al (2018). Large-Scale Droughts Responsible for Dramatic Reductions of Terrestrial Net Carbon Uptake over North America in 2011 and 2012. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 123(7), 2053-2071. Abstract.  Full text.
Piao S, Huang M, Liu Z, Wang X, Ciais P, Canadell JG, Wang K, Bastos A, Friedlingstein P, Houghton RA, et al (2018). Lower land-use emissions responsible for increased net land carbon sink during the slow warming period. Nature Geoscience, 11(10), 739-743. Abstract.  Full text.
Grassi G, House J, Kurz WA, Cescatti A, Houghton RA, Peters GP, Sanz MJ, Viñas RA, Alkama R, Arneth A, et al (2018). Reconciling global-model estimates and country reporting of anthropogenic forest CO <inf>2</inf> sinks. Nature Climate Change, 8(10), 914-920. Abstract.  Full text.
Arnold SR, Lombardozzi D, Lamarque JF, Richardson T, Emmons LK, Tilmes S, Sitch SA, Folberth G, Hollaway MJ, Val Martin M, et al (2018). Simulated Global Climate Response to Tropospheric Ozone-Induced Changes in Plant Transpiration. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(23), 13-079. Abstract.  Full text.
Zhou S, Liang J, Lu X, Li Q, Jiang L, Zhang Y, Schwalm CR, Fisher JB, Tjiputra J, Sitch S, et al (2018). Sources of Uncertainty in Modeled Land Carbon Storage within and across Three MIPs: Diagnosis with Three New Techniques. JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, 31(7), 2833-2851. Author URL.  Full text.
Huntingford C, Oliver RJ, Mercado LM, Sitch S (2018). Technical note: a simple theoretical model framework to describe plant stomatal "sluggishness" in response to elevated ozone concentrations. Biogeosciences, 15(17), 5415-5422. Abstract.  Full text.
Salazar A, Sanchez A, Villegas JC, Salazar JF, Ruiz Carrascal D, Sitch S, Restrepo JD, Poveda G, Feeley KJ, Mercado LM, et al (2018). The ecology of peace: preparing Colombia for new political and planetary climates. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 16(9), 525-531. Abstract.  Full text.
Harper AB, Wiltshire AJ, Cox PM, Friedlingstein P, Jones CD, Mercado LM, Sitch S, Williams K, Duran-Rojas C (2018). Vegetation distribution and terrestrial carbon cycle in a carbon cycle configuration of JULES4.6 with new plant functional types. Geoscientific Model Development, 11(7), 2857-2873. Abstract.  Full text.

2017

Campbell JE, Kesselmeier J, Yakir D, Berry JA, Peylin P, Belviso S, Vesala T, Maseyk K, Seibt U, Chen H, et al (2017). Assessing a new clue to how much carbon plants take up. Eos (United States), 98(10), 24-29. Full text.
Schneider GF, Cheesman AW, Winter K, Turner BL, Sitch S, Kursar TA (2017). Current ambient concentrations of ozone in Panama modulate the leaf chemistry of the tropical tree Ficus insipida. Chemosphere, 172, 363-372. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Prestele R, Arneth A, Bondeau A, de Noblet-Ducoudre N, Pugh TAM, Sitch S, Stehfest E, Verburg PH (2017). Current challenges of implementing anthropogenic land-use and land-cover change in models contributing to climate change assessments. EARTH SYSTEM DYNAMICS, 8(2), 369-386. Author URL.  Full text.
Arneth A, Sitch S, Pongratz J, Stocker BD, Ciais P, Poulter B, Bayer AD, Bondeau A, Calle L, Chini LP, et al (2017). Historical carbon dioxide emissions caused by land-use changes are possibly larger than assumed. NATURE GEOSCIENCE, 10(2), 79-+. Author URL.  Full text.
Huntingford C, Atkin OK, Martinez-de la Torre A, Mercado LM, Heskel MA, Harper AB, Bloomfield KJ, O'Sullivan OS, Reich PB, Wythers KR, et al (2017). Implications of improved representations of plant respiration in a changing climate. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 8 Author URL.  Full text.
Li W, Ciais P, Peng S, Yue C, Wang Y, Thurner M, Saatchi SS, Arneth A, Avitabile V, Carvalhais N, et al (2017). Land-use and land-cover change carbon emissions between 1901 and 2012 constrained by biomass observations. BIOGEOSCIENCES, 14(22), 5053-5067. Author URL.  Full text.
Booth BBB, Harris GR, Murphy JM, House JI, Jones CD, Sexton D, Sitch S (2017). Narrowing the Range of Future Climate Projections Using Historical Observations of Atmospheric CO2. JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, 30(8), 3039-3053. Author URL.  Full text.
Wu C, Venevsky S, Sitch S, Yang Y, Wang M, Wang L, Gao Y (2017). Present-day and future contribution of climate and fires to vegetation composition in the boreal forest of China. Ecosphere, 8(8). Abstract.  Full text.
Rabin SS, Melton JR, Lasslop G, Bachelet D, Forrest M, Hantson S, Kaplan JO, Li F, Mangeon S, Ward DS, et al (2017). The Fire Modeling Intercomparison Project (FireMIP), phase 1: Experimental and analytical protocols with detailed model descriptions. Geoscientific Model Development, 10(3), 1175-1197. Abstract.  Full text.
Murray-Tortarolo G, Jaramillo VJ, Maass M, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S (2017). The decreasing range between dry- and wet- season precipitation over land and its effect on vegetation primary productivity. PLoS One, 12(12). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Peters GP, Le Quéré C, Andrew RM, Canadell JG, Friedlingstein P, Ilyina T, Jackson RB, Joos F, Korsbakken JI, McKinley GA, et al (2017). Towards real-time verification of CO<inf>2</inf> emissions. Nature Climate Change, 7(12), 848-850. Full text.

2016

Anav A, De Marco A, Proietti C, Alessandri A, Dell'Aquila A, Cionni I, Friedlingstein P, Khvorostyanov D, Menut L, Paoletti E, et al (2016). Comparing concentration-based (AOT40) and stomatal uptake (PODY) metrics for ozone risk assessment to European forests. Glob Chang Biol, 22(4), 1608-1627. Abstract.  Author URL.
Navarrete D, Sitch S, Aragão LEOC, Pedroni L, Duque A (2016). Conversion from forests to pastures in the Colombian Amazon leads to differences in dead wood dynamics depending on land management practices. J Environ Manage, 171, 42-51. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Rowland LM, Meir P, Mencuccini M, Binks OJ, da Costa ACL, Oliveria RS, Mercado L, Vasconcelos SS, de Oliveria AAR, Christoffersen BO, et al (2016). Does inter-specific variation prevent division of tropical trees into drought sensitive and resistant groups?. Association of tropical Biology and Conservation. 19th - 23rd Jun 2016. Abstract.
Le Quéré C, Andrew RM, Canadell JG, Sitch S, Ivar Korsbakken J, Peters GP, Manning AC, Boden TA, Tans PP, Houghton RA, et al (2016). Global Carbon Budget 2016. Earth System Science Data, 8(2), 605-649. Abstract.  Full text.
Zhu Z, Piao S, Myneni RB, Huang M, Zeng Z, Canadell JG, Ciais P, Sitch S, Friedlingstein P, Arneth A, et al (2016). Greening of the Earth and its drivers. Nature Climate Change, 6(8), 791-795. Full text.
Mangeon S, Voulgarakis A, Gilham R, Harper A, Sitch S, Folberth G (2016). INFERNO: a fire and emissions scheme for the UK Met Office's Unified Model. Geoscientific Model Development, 9(8), 2685-2700. Abstract.  Full text.
Sitch SA (2016). INFERNO: a fire and emissions scheme for the Met Office’s Unified Model. Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss. Full text.
Jiang Y, Zhuang Q, Sitch S, O'Donnell JA, Kicklighter D, Sokolov A, Melillo J (2016). Importance of soil thermal regime in terrestrial ecosystem carbon dynamics in the circumpolar north. Global and Planetary Change, 142, 28-40. Abstract.
Harper AB, Cox PM, Friedlingstein P, Wiltshire AJ, Jones CD, Sitch S, Mercado LM, Groenendijk M, Robertson E, Kattge J, et al (2016). Improved representation of plant functional types and physiology in the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES v4.2) using plant trait information. Geoscientific Model Development, 9(7), 2415-2440. Abstract.  Full text.
Rowland LM, da Costa ACL, Oliveira RS, Binks OJ, Mercado L, Vasconcelos SS, de Oliveira AAR, Salmon Y, Ferreira LV, Sitch S, et al (2016). Is sap flow a good indicator of drought-induced mortality risk in tropical rainforest. Association of Tropical Biology and Conservation. 19th - 23rd Jun 2016. Abstract.
Calle L, Canadell JG, Patra P, Ciais P, Ichii K, Tian H, Kondo M, Piao S, Arneth A, Harper AB, et al (2016). Regional carbon fluxes from land use and land cover change in Asia, 1980–2009. Environmental Research Letters, 11(7), 074011-074011. Full text.
Zhao F, Zeng N, Asrar G, Friedlingstein P, Ito A, Jain A, Kalnay E, Kato E, Koven C, Poulter B, et al (2016). Role of CO2, climate and land use in regulating the seasonal amplitude increase of carbon fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems: a multimodel analysis. Biogeosciences, 13(17), 5121-5137. Abstract.  Full text.
Murray-Tortarolo G, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Jaramillo VJ, Murguia-Flores F, Anav A, Liu Y, Arneth A, Arvanitis A, Harper A, et al (2016). The carbon cycle in Mexico: past, present and future of C stocks and fluxes. BIOGEOSCIENCES, 13(1), 223-238. Author URL.  Full text.
Murray-Tortarolo G, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Seneviratne SI, Fletcher I, Mueller B, Greve P, Anav A, Liu Y, Ahlström A, et al (2016). The dry season intensity as a key driver of NPP trends. Geophysical Research Letters, 43(6), 2632-2639. Abstract.
Hantson S, Arneth A, Harrison SP, Kelley DI, Prentice IC, Rabin SS, Archibald S, Mouillot F, Arnold SR, Artaxo P, et al (2016). The status and challenge of global fire modelling. Biogeosciences Discussions, 2016 Abstract.  Full text.
Hantson S, Arneth A, Harrison SP, Kelley DI, Colin Prentice I, Rabin SS, Archibald S, Mouillot F, Arnold SR, Artaxo P, et al (2016). The status and challenge of global fire modelling. Biogeosciences, 13(11), 3359-3375. Abstract.  Full text.
Cervarich M, Shu S, Jain AK, Arneth A, Canadell J, Friedlingstein P, Houghton RA, Kato E, Koven C, Patra P, et al (2016). The terrestrial carbon budget of South and Southeast Asia. Environmental Research Letters, 11(10). Abstract.  Full text.

2015

Peng S, Ciais P, Chevallier F, Peylin P, Cadule P, Sitch S, Piao S, Ahlström A, Huntingford C, Levy P, et al (2015). Benchmarking the seasonal cycle of CO<inf>2</inf> fluxes simulated by terrestrial ecosystem models. Global Biogeochemical Cycles Abstract.
Peng S, Ciais P, Chevallier F, Peylin P, Cadule P, Sitch S, Piao S, Ahlström A, Huntingford C, Levy P, et al (2015). Benchmarking the seasonal cycle of CO<inf>2</inf> fluxes simulated by terrestrial ecosystem models. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29(1), 46-64. Abstract.
Pacifico F, Folberth GA, Sitch S, Haywood JM, Rizzo LV, Malavelle FF, Artaxo P (2015). Biomass burning related ozone damage on vegetation over the Amazon forest: a model sensitivity study. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15(5), 2791-2804. Abstract.  Full text.
Ahlström A, Raupach MR, Schurgers G, Smith B, Arneth A, Jung M, Reichstein M, Canadell JG, Friedlingstein P, Jain AK, et al (2015). Carbon cycle. The dominant role of semi-arid ecosystems in the trend and variability of the land CO₂ sink. Science, 348(6237), 895-899. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Huntingford C, Smith DM, Davies WJ, Falk R, Sitch S, Mercado LM (2015). Combining the [ABA] and net photosynthesis-based model equations of stomatal conductance. Ecological Modelling, 300, 81-88. Abstract.
Le Quéré C, Moriarty R, Andrew RM, Canadell JG, Sitch S, Korsbakken JI, Friedlingstein P, Peters GP, Andres RJ, Boden TA, et al (2015). Global Carbon Budget 2015. Earth System Science Data, 7(2), 349-396. Abstract.  Full text.
Le Quéré C, Moriarty R, Andrew RM, Peters GP, Ciais P, Friedlingstein P, Jones SD, Sitch S, Tans P, Arneth A, et al (2015). Global carbon budget 2014. Earth System Science Data, 7(1), 47-85. Abstract.  Full text.
Atkin OK, Bloomfield KJ, Reich PB, Tjoelker MG, Asner GP, Bonal D, Bönisch G, Bradford MG, Cernusak LA, Cosio EG, et al (2015). Global variability in leaf respiration in relation to climate, plant functional types and leaf traits. New Phytologist, 206(2), 614-636. Abstract.
Atkin OK, Bloomfield KJ, Reich PB, Tjoelker MG, Asner GP, Bonal D, Bönisch G, Bradford MG, Cernusak LA, Cosio EG, et al (2015). Global variability in leaf respiration in relation to climate, plant functional types and leaf traits. New Phytol, 206(2), 614-636. Abstract.  Author URL.
Yang H, Piao S, Zeng Z, Ciais P, Yin Y, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Ahlström A, Guimberteau M, Huntingford C, et al (2015). Multicriteria evaluation of discharge simulation in Dynamic Global Vegetation Models. Journal of Geophysical Research, 120(15), 7488-7505. Abstract.  Full text.
Sitch S, Friedlingstein P, Gruber N, Jones SD, Murray-Tortarolo G, Ahlström A, Doney SC, Graven H, Heinze C, Huntingford C, et al (2015). Recent trends and drivers of regional sources and sinks of carbon dioxide. Biogeosciences, 12(3), 653-679. Abstract.  Full text.
Osborne JM, Lambert FH, Groenendijk M, Harper AB, Koven CD, Poulter B, Pugh TAM, Sitch S, Stocker BD, Wiltshire A, et al (2015). Reconciling Precipitation with Runoff: Observed Hydrological Change in the Midlatitudes. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 16(6), 2403-2420. Full text.
Anav A, Friedlingstein P, Beer C, Ciais P, Harper A, Jones C, Murray-Tortarolo G, Papale D, Parazoo NC, Peylin P, et al (2015). Spatiotemporal patterns of terrestrial gross primary production: a review. Reviews of Geophysics Abstract.  Full text.
Frank DC, Poulter B, Saurer M, Esper J, Huntingford C, Helle G, Treydte K, Zimmermann NE, Schleser GH, Ahlström A, et al (2015). Water-use efficiency and transpiration across European forests during the Anthropocene. Nature Climate Change, 5(6), 579-583. Abstract.

2014

Valentini R, Arneth A, Bombelli A, Castaldi S, Cazzolla Gatti R, Chevallier F, Ciais P, Grieco E, Hartmann J, Henry M, et al (2014). A full greenhouse gases budget of africa: Synthesis, uncertainties, and vulnerabilities. Biogeosciences, 11(2), 381-407. Abstract.
Fyllas NM, Gloor E, Mercado LM, Sitch S, Quesada CA, Domingues TF, Galbraith DR, Torre-Lezama A, Vilanova E, Ramírez-Angulo H, et al (2014). Analysing Amazonian forest productivity using a new individual and trait-based model (TFS v.1). Geoscientific Model Development, 7(4), 1251-1269. Abstract.
Poulter B, Frank D, Ciais P, Myneni RB, Andela N, Bi J, Broquet G, Canadell JG, Chevallier F, Liu YY, et al (2014). Contribution of semi-arid ecosystems to interannual variability of the global carbon cycle. Nature, 509(7502), 600-603. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Piao S, Nan H, Huntingford C, Ciais P, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Peng S, Ahlström A, Canadell JG, Cong N, et al (2014). Evidence for a weakening relationship between interannual temperature variability and northern vegetation activity. Nat Commun, 5 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Le Quéré C, Peters GP, Andres RJ, Andrew RM, Boden TA, Ciais P, Friedlingstein P, Houghton RA, Marland G, Moriarty R, et al (2014). Global carbon budget 2013. Earth System Science Data, 6(1), 235-263. Abstract.  Full text.
Fisher JB, Huntzinger DN, Schwalm CR, Sitch S (2014). Modeling the terrestrial biosphere. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 39, 91-123. Abstract.

2013

Fisher JB, Sikka M, Sitch S, Ciais P, Poulter B, Galbraith D, Lee JE, Huntingford C, Viovy N, Zeng N, et al (2013). African tropical rainforest net carbon dioxide fluxes in the twentieth century. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 368(1625). Abstract.
Fisher JB, Sikka M, Sitch S, Ciais P, Poulter B, Galbraith D, Lee J-E, Huntingford C, Viovy N, Zeng N, et al (2013). African tropical rainforest net carbon dioxide fluxes in the twentieth century. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 368(1625). Abstract.  Author URL.
Moriarty R, Buitenhuis ET, Le Quere C, Gosselin M-P (2013). Distribution of known macrozooplankton abundance and biomass in the global ocean. EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE DATA, 5(2), 241-257. Author URL.
Wang W, Ciais P, Nemani RR, Canadell JG, Piao S, Sitch S, White MA, Hashimoto H, Milesi C, Myneni RB, et al (2013). Erratum: Variations in atmospheric CO2 growth rates coupled with tropical temperature (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2013) 110, 32 (13061-13066) DOI:10.1073/pnas.1219683110). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(37).
Anav A, Murray-Tortarolo G, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Piao S, Zhu Z (2013). Evaluation of land surface models in reproducing satellite derived leaf area index over the high-latitude northern hemisphere. Part II: Earth system models. Remote Sensing, 5(8), 3637-3661. Abstract.  Full text.
Murray-Tortarolo G, Anav A, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Piao S, Zhu Z, Poulter B, Zaehle S, Ahlström A, Lomas M, et al (2013). Evaluation of land surface models in reproducing satellite-derived LAI over the high-latitude northern hemisphere. Part I: Uncoupled DGVMs. Remote Sensing, 5(10), 4819-4838. Abstract.  Full text.
Piao S, Sitch S, Ciais P, Friedlingstein P, Peylin P, Wang X, Ahlström A, Anav A, Canadell JG, Cong N, et al (2013). Evaluation of terrestrial carbon cycle models for their response to climate variability and to CO2 trends. Glob Chang Biol, 19(7), 2117-2132. Abstract.  Author URL.
Piao S, Sitch S, Ciais P, Friedlingstein P, Peylin P, Wang X, Ahlström A, Anav A, Canadell JG, Cong N, et al (2013). Evaluation of terrestrial carbon cycle models for their response to climate variability and to CO<inf>2</inf> trends. Global Change Biology, 19(7), 2117-2132. Abstract.
Huntingford C, Zelazowski P, Galbraith D, Mercado LM, Sitch S, Fisher R, Lomas M, Walker AP, Jones CD, Booth BBB, et al (2013). Simulated resilience of tropical rainforests to CO <inf>2</inf> -induced climate change. Nature Geoscience, 6(4), 268-273. Abstract.
Le Quéré C, Andres RJ, Boden T, Conway T, Houghton RA, House JI, Marland G, Peters GP, Van Der Werf GR, Ahlström A, et al (2013). The global carbon budget 1959-2011. Earth System Science Data, 5(1), 165-185. Abstract.  Full text.
Wang W, Ciais P, Nemani RR, Canadell JG, Piao S, Sitch S, White MA, Hashimoto H, Milesi C, Myneni RB, et al (2013). Variations in atmospheric CO2 growth rates coupled with tropical temperature. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 110(32), 13061-13066. Abstract.  Author URL.

2012

Booth BBB, Jones CD, Collins M, Totterdell IJ, Cox PM, Sitch S, Huntingford C, Betts RA, Harris GR, Lloyd J, et al (2012). High sensitivity of future global warming to land carbon cycle processes. Environmental Research Letters, 7(2). Abstract.
Gloor M, Gatti L, Brienen R, Feldpausch TR, Phillips OL, Miller J, Ometto JP, Rocha H, Baker T, De Jong B, et al (2012). The carbon balance of South America: a review of the status, decadal trends and main determinants. Biogeosciences, 9(12), 5407-5430. Abstract.  Full text.
Piao SL, Ito A, Li SG, Huang Y, Ciais P, Wang XH, Peng SS, Nan HJ, Zhao C, Ahlström A, et al (2012). The carbon budget of terrestrial ecosystems in East Asia over the last two decades. Biogeosciences, 9(9), 3571-3586. Abstract.
Ainsworth EA, Yendrek CR, Sitch S, Collins WJ, Emberson LD (2012). The effects of tropospheric ozone on net primary productivity and implications for climate change. Annu Rev Plant Biol, 63, 637-661. Abstract.  Author URL.
Jiang Y, Zhuang Q, Schaphoff S, Sitch S, Sokolov A, Kicklighter D, Melillo J (2012). Uncertainty analysis of vegetation distribution in the northern high latitudes during the 21st century with a dynamic vegetation model. Ecol Evol, 2(3), 593-614. Abstract.  Author URL.

2011

Blyth E, Clark DB, Ellis R, Huntingford C, Los S, Pryor M, Best M, Sitch S (2011). A comprehensive set of benchmark tests for a land surface model of simultaneous fluxes of water and carbon at both the global and seasonal scale. GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT, 4(2), 255-269. Author URL.
Pan Y, Birdsey RA, Fang J, Houghton R, Kauppi PE, Kurz WA, Phillips OL, Shvidenko A, Lewis SL, Canadell JG, et al (2011). A large and persistent carbon sink in the world's forests. Science, 333(6045), 988-993. Abstract.  Author URL.
Good P, Caesar J, Bernie D, Lowe JA, van der Linden P, Gosling SN, Warren R, Arnell NW, Smith S, Bamber J, et al (2011). A review of recent developments in climate change science. Part I: Understanding of future change in the large-scale climate system. Progress in Physical Geography, 35(3), 281-296. Abstract.
Zelazowski P, Malhi Y, Huntingford C, Sitch S, Fisher JB (2011). Changes in the potential distribution of humid tropical forests on a warmer planet. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 369(1934), 137-160. Abstract.  Author URL.
Collins WJ, Bellouin N, Doutriaux-Boucher M, Gedney N, Halloran P, Hinton T, Hughes J, Jones CD, Joshi M, Liddicoat S, et al (2011). Development and evaluation of an Earth-System model-HadGEM2. GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT, 4(4), 1051-1075. Author URL.
Van der Molen MK, Dolman AJ, Ciais P, Eglin T, Gobron N, Law BE, Meir P, Peters W, Phillips OL, Reichstein M, et al (2011). Drought and ecosystem carbon cycling. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 151(7), 765-773. Abstract.
Mercado LM, Lloyd J, Dolman AJ, Sitch S, Patiño S (2011). Erratum: Modelling basin-wide variations in Amazon forest productivity &amp;ndash; Part 1: Model calibration, evaluation and upscaling functions for canopy photosynthesis" published in Biogeosciences, 6, 1247&amp;ndash;1272, 2009 (Biogeosciences). Biogeosciences, 8(3), 653-656.
Pacifico F, Harrison SP, Jones CD, Arneth A, Sitch S, Weedon GP, Barkley MP, Palmer PI, Serça D, Potosnak M, et al (2011). Evaluation of a photosynthesis-based biogenic isoprene emission scheme in JULES and simulation of isoprene emissions under present-day climate conditions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(9), 4371-4389. Abstract.
Huntingford C, Cox PM, Mercado LM, Sitch S, Bellouin N, Boucher O, Gedney N (2011). Highly contrasting effects of different climate forcing agents on terrestrial ecosystem services. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 369(1943), 2026-2037. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Mercado LM, Lloyd J, Dolman AJ, Sitch S, Patino S (2011). Modelling basin-wide variations in Amazon forest productivity - Part 1: Model calibration, evaluation and upscaling functions for canopy photosynthesis (vol 6, pg 1247, 2009). BIOGEOSCIENCES, 8(3), 653-656. Author URL.
Best MJ, Pryor M, Clark DB, Rooney GG, Essery RLH, Menard CB, Edwards JM, Hendry MA, Porson A, Gedney N, et al (2011). The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES), model description - Part 1: Energy and water fluxes. GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT, 4(3), 677-699. Author URL.
Clark DB, Mercado LM, Sitch S, Jones CD, Gedney N, Best MJ, Pryor M, Rooney GG, Essery RLH, Blyth E, et al (2011). The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES), model description - Part 2: Carbon fluxes and vegetation dynamics. GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT, 4(3), 701-722. Author URL.
Mercado LM, Patiño S, Domingues TF, Fyllas NM, Weedon GP, Sitch S, Quesada CA, Phillips OL, Aragão LEOC, Malhi Y, et al (2011). Variations in Amazon forest productivity correlated with foliar nutrients and modelled rates of photosynthetic carbon supply. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 366(1582), 3316-3329. Abstract.  Author URL.

2010

Fisher R, McDowell N, Purves D, Moorcroft P, Sitch S, Cox P, Huntingford C, Meir P, Woodward FI (2010). Assessing uncertainties in a second-generation dynamic vegetation model caused by ecological scale limitations. New Phytol, 187(3), 666-681. Abstract.  Author URL.
Cadule P, Friedlingstein P, Bopp L, Sitch S, Jones CD, Ciais P, Piao SL, Peylin P (2010). Benchmarking coupled climate-carbon models against long-term atmospheric CO <inf>2</inf> measurements. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24(2). Abstract.
Fisher JB, Sitch S, Malhi Y, Fisher RA, Huntingford C, Tan S-Y (2010). Carbon cost of plant nitrogen acquisition: a mechanistic, globally applicable model of plant nitrogen uptake, retranslocation, and fixation. GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES, 24 Author URL.
Pacifico F, Harrison SP, Jones CD, Arneth A, Sitch S, Weedon GP, Barkley MP, Palmer PI, Serça D, Potosnak M, et al (2010). Evaluation of a photosynthesis-based biogenic isoprene emission scheme in JULES and simulation of isoprene emissions under modern climate conditions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 10(11), 28311-28354.
Arneth A, Sitch S, Bondeau A, Butterbach-Bahl K, Foster P, Gedney N, De Noblet-Ducoudré N, Prentice IC, Sanderson M, Thonicke K, et al (2010). From biota to chemistry and climate: Towards a comprehensive description of trace gas exchange between the biosphere and atmosphere. Biogeosciences, 7(1), 121-149. Abstract.
Collins WJ, Sitch S, Boucher O (2010). How vegetation impacts affect climate metrics for ozone precursors. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 115(23). Abstract.
Huntingford C, Booth BBB, Sitch S, Gedney N, Lowe JA, Liddicoat SK, Mercado LM, Best MJ, Weedon GP, Fisher RA, et al (2010). IMOGEN: an intermediate complexity model to evaluate terrestrial impacts of a changing climate. GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT, 3(2), 679-687. Author URL.
Doherty RM, Sitch S, Smith B, Lewis SL, Thornton PK (2010). Implications of future climate and atmospheric CO<inf>2</inf> content for regional biogeochemistry, biogeography and ecosystem services across East Africa. Global Change Biology, 16(2), 617-640. Abstract.
Galbraith D, Levy PE, Sitch S, Huntingford C, Cox P, Williams M, Meir P (2010). Multiple mechanisms of Amazonian forest biomass losses in three dynamic global vegetation models under climate change. New Phytol, 187(3), 647-665. Abstract.  Author URL.
Poulter B, Hattermann F, Hawkins E, Zaehle S, Sitch S, Restrepo-Coupe N, Heyder U, Cramer W (2010). Robust dynamics of Amazon dieback to climate change with perturbed ecosystem model parameters. Global Change Biology, 16(9), 2476-2495. Abstract.
Friedlingstein P, Cadule P, Piao SL, Ciais P, Sitch S (2010). The African contribution to the global climate-carbon cycle feedback of the 21st century. Biogeosciences, 7(2), 513-519. Abstract.

2009

Lewis SL, Lloyd J, Sitch S, Mitchard ETA, Laurance WF (2009). Changing ecology of tropical forests: Evidence and drivers. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 40, 529-549. Abstract.
Malhi Y, Aragão LEOC, Galbraith D, Huntingford C, Fisher R, Zelazowski P, Sitch S, McSweeney C, Meir P (2009). Exploring the likelihood and mechanism of a climate-change-induced dieback of the Amazon rainforest. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 106(49), 20610-20615. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mercado LM, Bellouin N, Sitch S, Boucher O, Huntingford C, Wild M, Cox PM (2009). Impact of changes in diffuse radiation on the global land carbon sink. Nature, 458(7241), 1014-1017. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Pacifico F, Harrison SP, Jones CD, Sitch S (2009). Isoprene emissions and climate. Atmospheric Environment, 43(39), 6121-6135. Abstract.
Mercado LM, Lloyd J, Dolman AJ, Sitch S, Patiño S (2009). Modelling basin-wide variations in Amazon forest productivity - Part 1: Model calibration, evaluation and upscaling functions for canopy photosynthesis. Biogeosciences, 6(7), 1247-1272. Abstract.
Piao S, Fang J, Ciais P, Peylin P, Huang Y, Sitch S, Wang T (2009). The carbon balance of terrestrial ecosystems in China. Nature, 458(7241), 1009-1013. Abstract.  Author URL.
Le Quéré C, Raupach MR, Canadell JG, Marland G, Bopp L, Ciais P, Conway TJ, Doney SC, Feely RA, Foster P, et al (2009). Trends in the sources and sinks of carbon dioxide. Nature Geoscience, 2(12), 831-836. Abstract.
O'ishi R, Abe-Ouchi A, Prentice IC, Sitch S (2009). Vegetation dynamics and plant CO<inf>2</inf>responses as positive feedbacks in a greenhouse world. Geophysical Research Letters, 36(11). Abstract.

2008

Huntingford C, Fisher RA, Mercado L, Booth BBB, Sitch S, Harris PP, Cox PM, Jones CD, Betts RA, Malhi Y, et al (2008). "Towards quantifying uncertainty in predictions of Amazon """"dieback""""". Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B. Author URL.  Full text.
Sitch S, Huntingford C, Gedney N, Levy PE, Lomas M, Piao SL, Betts R, Ciais P, Cox P, Friedlingstein P, et al (2008). Evaluation of the terrestrial carbon cycle, future plant geography and climate-carbon cycle feedbacks using five Dynamic Global Vegetation Models (DGVMs). GLOBAL CHANGE BIOL, 14(9), 2015-2039. Abstract.
Friedlingstein P, Cadule P, Piao SL, Ciais P, Sitch S (2008). The African contribution to the global climate-carbon cycle feedback of the 21st century. Biogeosciences Discussions, 5(6), 4847-4866.

2007

Sitch S, McGuire AD, Kimball J, Gedney N, Gamon J, Engstrom R, Wolf A, Zhuang Q, Clein J, McDonald KC, et al (2007). Assessing the carbon balance of circumpolar Arctic tundra using remote sensing and process modeling. Ecol Appl, 17(1), 213-234. Abstract.  Author URL.
Friend AD, Arneth A, Kiang NY, Lomas M, Ogée J, Rödenbeck C, Running SW, Santaren JD, Sitch S, Viovy N, et al (2007). FLUXNET and modelling the global carbon cycle. Global Change Biology, 13(3), 610-633. Abstract.
Sitch S, Cox PM, Collins W, Huntingford C (2007). Indirect radiative forcing of climate change through ozone effects on the land-carbon sink. Nature, 448(7155), 791-794.
Zaehle S, Bondeau A, Carter TR, Cramer W, Erhard M, Prentice IC, Reginster I, Rounsevell MDA, Sitch S, Smith B, et al (2007). Projected changes in terrestrial carbon storage in Europe under climate and land-use change, 1990-2100. Ecosystems, 10(3), 380-401. Abstract.
Pope V, Brown S, Clark R, Collins M, Collins W, Dearden C, Gunson J, Harris G, Jones C, Keen A, et al (2007). The Met Office Hadley Centre climate modelling capability: the competing requirements for improved resolution, complexity and dealing with uncertainty. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 365(1860), 2635-2657. Abstract.  Author URL.
Cramer W, Bondeau A, Schaphoff S, Lucht W, Smith B, Sitch S (2007). Twenty-first century atmospheric change and deforestation: Potential impacts on tropical forests. In  (Ed) Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change.  Abstract.

2006

Ni J, Harrison SP, Colin Prentice I, Kutzbach JE, Sitch S (2006). Impact of climate variability on present and Holocene vegetation: a model-based study. Ecological Modelling, 191(3-4), 469-486. Abstract.
Schaphoff S, Lucht W, Gerten D, Sitch S, Cramer W, Prentice IC (2006). Terrestrial biosphere carbon storage under alternative climate projections. Climatic Change, 74(1-3), 97-122. Abstract.
Zaehle S, Sitch S, Prentice IC, Liski J, Cramer W, Erhard M, Hickler T, Smith B (2006). The importance of age-related decline in forest NPP for modeling regional carbon balances. Ecol Appl, 16(4), 1555-1574. Abstract.  Author URL.

2005

Krinner G, Viovy N, de Noblet-Ducoudré N, Ogée J, Polcher J, Friedlingstein P, Ciais P, Sitch S, Prentice IC (2005). A dynamic global vegetation model for studies of the coupled atmosphere-biosphere system. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19(1), 1-33. Abstract.
Morales P, Sykes MT, Prentice IC, Smith P, Smith B, Bugmann H, Zierl B, Friedlingstein P, Viovy N, Sabaté S, et al (2005). Comparing and evaluating process-based ecosystem model predictions of carbon and water fluxes in major European forest biomes. Global Change Biology, 11(12), 2211-2233. Abstract.
Schröter D, Cramer W, Leemans R, Prentice IC, Araújo MB, Arnell NW, Bondeau A, Bugmann H, Carter TR, Gracia CA, et al (2005). Ecology: Ecosystem service supply and vulnerability to global change in Europe. Science, 310(5752), 1333-1337. Abstract.
Schröter D, Cramer W, Leemans R, Prentice IC, Araújo MB, Arnell NW, Bondeau A, Bugmann H, Carter TR, Gracia CA, et al (2005). Ecosystem service supply and vulnerability to global change in Europe. Science, 310(5752), 1333-1337. Abstract.  Author URL.
Zaehle S, Sitch S, Smith B, Hatterman F (2005). Effects of parameter uncertainties on the modeling of terrestrial biosphere dynamics. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19(3), 1-16. Abstract.
Sitch S, Brovkin V, von Bloh W, van Vuuren D, Eickhout B, Ganopolski A (2005). Impacts of future land cover changes on atmospheric CO<inf>2</inf> and climate. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19(2), 1-15. Abstract.
Peylin P, Bousquet P, Le Quéré C, Sitch S, Friedlingstein P, McKinley G, Gruber N, Rayner P, Ciais P (2005). Multiple constraints on regional CO<inf>2</inf> flux variations over land and oceans. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19(1), 1-21. Abstract.

2004

Callaghan TV, Björn LO, Chernov Y, Chapin T, Christensen TR, Huntley B, Ims RA, Johansson M, Jolly D, Jonasson S, et al (2004). Effects of changes in climate on landscape and regional processes, and feedbacks to the climate system. Ambio, 33(7), 459-468. Abstract.  Author URL.
Callaghan TV, Björn LO, Chernov Y, Chapin T, Christensen TR, Huntley B, Ims RA, Johansson M, Jolly D, Jonasson S, et al (2004). Key findings and extended summaries. Ambio, 33(7), 386-392. Author URL.
Badeck FW, Bondeau A, Böttcher K, Doktor D, Lucht W, Schaber J, Sitch S (2004). Responses of spring phenology to climate change. New Phytologist, 162(2), 295-309. Abstract.
Brovkin V, Sitch S, von Bloh W, Claussen M, Bauer E, Cramer W (2004). Role of land cover changes for atmospheric CO<inf>2</inf> increase and climate change during the last 150 years. Global Change Biology, 10(8), 1253-1266. Abstract.
Callaghan TV, Björn LO, Chernov Y, Chapin T, Christensen TR, Huntley B, Ims RA, Johansson M, Jolly D, Jonasson S, et al (2004). Synthesis of effects in four Arctic subregions. Ambio, 33(7), 469-473. Abstract.  Author URL.
Gerten D, Schaphoff S, Haberlandt U, Lucht W, Sitch S (2004). Terrestrial vegetation and water balance - Hydrological evaluation of a dynamic global vegetation model. Journal of Hydrology, 286(1-4), 249-270. Abstract.
Cramer W, Bondeau A, Schaphoff S, Lucht W, Smith B, Sitch S (2004). Tropical forests and the global carbon cycle: impacts of atmospheric carbon dioxide, climate change and rate of deforestation. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 359(1443), 331-343. Abstract.  Author URL.

2003

Bonan GB, Levis S, Sitch S, Vertenstein M, Oleson KW (2003). A dynamic global vegetation model for use with climate models: Concepts and description of simulated vegetation dynamics. Global Change Biology, 9(11), 1543-1566. Abstract.
Gerber S, Joos F, Brügger P, Stocker TF, Mann ME, Sitch S, Scholze M (2003). Constraining temperature variations over the last millennium by comparing simulated and observed atmospheric CO<inf>2</inf>. Climate Dynamics, 20(2-3), 281-299. Abstract.
Sitch S, Smith B, Prentice IC, Arneth A, Bondeau A, Cramer W, Kaplan JO, Levis S, Lucht W, Sykes MT, et al (2003). Evaluation of ecosystem dynamics, plant geography and terrestrial carbon cycling in the LPJ dynamic global vegetation model. Global Change Biology, 9(2), 161-185. Abstract.
Bachelet D, Neilson RP, Hickler T, Drapek RJ, Lenihan JM, Sykes MT, Smith B, Sitch S, Thonicke K (2003). Simulating past and future dynamics of natural ecosystems in the United States. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 17(2), 14-11. Abstract.

2002

Pan Y, McGuire AD, Melillo JM, Kicklighter DW, Sitch S, Prentice IC (2002). A biogeochemistry-based dynamic vegetation model and its application along a moisture gradient in the continental United States.  Abstract.
Lucht W, Prentice IC, Myneni RB, Sitch S, Friedlingstein P, Cramer W, Bousquet P, Buermann W, Smith B (2002). Climatic control of the high-latitude vegetation greening trend and Pinatubo effect. Science, 296(5573), 1687-1689. Abstract.  Author URL.
Dargaville RJ, Heimann M, McGuire AD, Prentice IC, Kicklighter DW, Joos F, Clein JS, Esser G, Foley J, Kaplan J, et al (2002). Evaluation of terrestrial carbon cycle models with atmospheric CO<inf>2</inf> measurements: Results from transient simulations considering increasing CO<inf>2</inf>, climate, and land-use effects. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16(4), 39-31. Abstract.
Venevsky S, Thonicke K, Sitch S, Cramer W (2002). Simulating fire regimes in human-dominated ecosystems: Iberian Peninsula case study. Global Change Biology, 8(10), 984-998. Abstract.

2001

McGuire AD, Sitch S, Clein JS, Dargaville R, Esser G, Foley J, Heimann M, Joos F, Kaplan J, Kicklighter DW, et al (2001). Carbon balance of the terrestrial biosphere in the twentieth century: Analyses of CO<inf>2</inf>, climate and land use effects with four process-based ecosytem models. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 15(1), 183-206. Abstract.
Cramer W, Bondeau A, Woodward FI, Prentice IC, Betts RA, Brovkin V, Cox PM, Fisher V, Foley JA, Friend AD, et al (2001). Global response of terrestrial ecosystem structure and function to CO<inf>2</inf> and climate change: Results from six dynamic global vegetation models. Global Change Biology, 7(4), 357-373. Abstract.
Joos F, Colin Prentice I, Sitch S, Meyer R, Hooss G, Plattner GK, Gerber S, Hasselmann K (2001). Global warming feedbacks on terrestrial carbon uptake under the intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) emission scenarios. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 15(4), 891-907. Abstract.
Thonicke K, Venevsky S, Sitch S, Cramer W (2001). The role of fire disturbance for global vegetation dynamics: Coupling fire into a dynamic global vegetation model. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 10(6), 661-677. Abstract.

2000

Prentice IC, Heimann M, Sitch S (2000). The carbon balance of the terrestrial biosphere: Ecosystem models and atmospheric observations. Ecological Applications, 10(6), 1553-1573. Abstract.

1999

Kicklighter DW, Bruno M, Dönges S, Esser G, Heimann M, Helfrich J, Ift F, Joos F, Kaduk J, Kohlmaier GH, et al (1999). A first-order analysis of the potential role of CO<inf>2</inf> fertilization to affect the global carbon budget: a comparison of four terrestrial biosphere models.  Abstract.
Fosberg MA, Cramer W, Brovkin V, Fleming R, Gardner R, Gill AM, Goldammer JG, Keane R, Koehler P, Lenihan J, et al (1999). Strategy for a Fire Module in Dynamic Global Vegetation Models. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 9(1), 79-84.

1998

Heimann M, Esser G, Haxeltine A, Kaduk J, Kicklighter DW, Knorr W, Kohlmaier GH, McGuire AD, Melillo J, Moore B, et al (1998). Evaluation of terrestrial carbon cycle models through simulations of the seasonal cycle of atmospheric CO<inf>2</inf>: First results of a model intercomparison study. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 12(1), 1-24. Abstract.
Pan Y, Melillo JM, McGuire AD, Kicklighter DW, Pitelka LF, Hibbard K, Pierce LL, Running SW, Ojima DS, Parton WJ, et al (1998). Modeled responses of terrestrial ecosystems to elevated atmospheric CO<inf>2</inf>: a comparison of simulations by the biogeochemistry models of the Vegetation/Ecosystem Modeling and Analysis Project (VEMAP). Oecologia, 114(3), 389-404. Abstract.

1997

Schimel DS, Braswell BH, Emanuel W, Rizzo B, Smith T, Woodward FI, Fisher H, Kittel TGF, McKeown R, Painter T, et al (1997). Continental scale variability in ecosystem processes: Models, data, and the role of disturbance. Ecological Monographs, 67(2), 251-271. Abstract.

1996

Foley JA, Prentice IC, Ramankutty N, Levis S, Pollard D, Sitch S, Haxeltine A (1996). An integrated biosphere model of land surface processes, terrestrial carbon balance, and vegetation dynamics. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 10(4), 603-628. Abstract.
Christensen TR, Prentice IC, Kaplan J, Haxeltine A, Sitch S (1996). Methane flux from northern wetlands and tundra: an ecosystem source modelling approach. Tellus, Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 48(5), 652-661. Abstract.

1995

MELILLO JM, BORCHERS J, CHANEY J, FISHER H, FOX S, HAXELTINE A, JANETOS A, KICKLIGHTER DW, KITTEL TGF, MCGUIRE AD, et al (1995). VEGETATION ECOSYSTEM MODELING AND ANALYSIS PROJECT - COMPARING BIOGEOGRAPHY AND BIOGEOCHEMISTRY MODELS IN a CONTINENTAL-SCALE STUDY OF TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES TO CLIMATE-CHANGE AND CO2 DOUBLING. GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES, 9(4), 407-437. Author URL.

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