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Professor Timothy Lenton

Professor Timothy Lenton

Director Global Systems Institute

 4608

 Laver Building 801h

 

Laver Building, University of Exeter, North Park Road, Exeter, EX4 4QE, UK

 Office hours:

Tuesday 2-3pm
Thursday 2-3pm
Please contact Anne Nicholls a.m.nicholls@exeter.ac.uk to check availability

Overview

Tim studied Natural Sciences as an undergraduate at the University of Cambridge. Reading Jim Lovelock’s books on Gaia ignited his passion for studying the Earth as a whole system. This led to his PhD studies on what regulates the nutrient balance of the ocean and the oxygen content of the atmosphere, supervised by Professor Andrew Watson at Plymouth Marine Laboratory and later the University of East Anglia (UEA). After gaining his PhD, Tim worked at the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Edinburgh, where he built a simple coupled carbon cycle and climate model, and then coordinated the development of the GENIE family of Earth system models. In 2004 he returned to UEA and built up an Earth system modeling group, working on key events in the coupled evolution of life and the planet, including human-induced global change. He recently published a book on this with Andrew Watson called ‘Revolutions that made the Earth’ (OUP, 2011). Tim moved to the University of Exeter in 2011, where he and his group are focusing on understanding these past revolutions, on developing an evolutionary model of the marine ecosystem, and on early warning of climate tipping points. Tim works closely with Professor Nick Talbot on the overall environmental research strategy for the University.

Tim’s work identifying the tipping elements in the climate system won the Times Higher Education Award for Research Project of the Year 2008. He has also received a Philip Leverhulme Prize 2004, a European Geosciences Union Outstanding Young Scientist Award 2006, the British Association Charles Lyell Award Lecture 2006, and the Geological Society of London William Smith Fund 2008. Tim is a Fellow of the Linnean Society and a Fellow of the Geological Society.

Broad research specialisms:

Earth system science; climate change; global biogeochemical cycles; co-evolution of life and the planet; paleo-climate; modeling

Qualifications

BA (Cambridge),
PhD (UEA)

Research

Research interests

I am working on three main areas with my research group:

  • Revolutionary transformations of the Earth system, involving the coupled evolution of life and the planet
  • Tipping points in the Earth system, especially the climate system, and early warning methods for them
  • An evolutionary ecosystem model, with an initial focus on the marine microbial biosphere

We are actively developing and using process-based models, spanning spatial scales from the sub-cellular components of marine plankton up to the whole planet, and capturing timescales from days to millions of years, which demands a nested hierarchy of models. We are also applying methods of time-series analysis to deduce system properties directly from data.

Research projects

Climate tipping points and early warning methods

You can find some videos where I describe the potential tipping elements in the climate system on a nifty spinning globe. The original paper was published in PNAS following a commentary on the policy implications, and it won the Times Higher Education Award for Research Project of the Year 2008. Our report for WWF and Allianz looked in more detail at the impacts of crossing various climate tipping points. Currently I am working with Valerie Livina on developing early warning methods for climate tipping points, and applying these to paleo-climate and observational data – see my recent review in Nature Climate Change. I am also co-editing a special issue on Arctic tipping points, and helped organise a joint British Academy-Royal Society meeting on tipping points, out of which we are producing a book.

Redefining dangerous climate change

My research on actual thresholds (tipping points) in the Earth’s climate system led me to re-examine how we define dangerous anthropogenic interference in the climate system. In particular, I question the policy ‘threshold’ of 2°C global warming and offer some alternative approaches to defining dangerous climate change. The detailed version is published in WIREs Climate Change with an op-ed piece in Nature.

Geoengineering assessment

My evaluation of the climate cooling potential of different geoengineering options, with my former PhD student Nem Vaughan, is published in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. There is also a brief piece for the Green Room explaining what roles geoengineering might play in avoiding dangerous climate change. My latest work assesses the potential for land plant-based carbon dioxide removal to lower future atmospheric CO2 concentrations and limit global warming.

The evolutionary ecosystem (EVE) model

Years of frustration at how inadequately we capture life within Earth system and ecosystem models, has led us to develop a new approach. Hywel Williams and I started with a generic, gene-based, individual-based model of an evolving microbial ecosystem, which James Clark developed to study the Earth’s early biosphere. Now we are developing a new model of the modern marine microbial biosphere, nested within the MIT ocean model. Stuart Daines is developing a process-based model of resource allocation within individual cells, James Clark is concentrating on interactions between individuals and coupling to the environment, and Hywel Williams is including viruses and their impact on marine biogeochemical cycles.

Revolutions that made the Earth

Having published a book that introduces the concept of a very few critical revolutions in Earth history, I am currently focusing on the ‘complexity revolution’: Between about 800 and 542 million years ago in the Neoproterozoic Era, the modern Earth system was born. Out of the turmoil of ‘snowball Earth’ glaciations and a rise in atmospheric oxygen, came the first animals forming familiar ecosystems. We are seeking to understand the causes and consequences of this revolution in Earth history, in a multi-disciplinary project involving Richard Boyle and colleagues at UCL, Cambridge, Newcastle, Edinburgh and UEA.

Grants

  • ‘Re-inventing the planet: the Neoproterozoic revolution in oxygenation, biogeochemistry and biological complexity’ funded by NERC (NE/I005978/1): £297,320 and lead of overall consortium <£1M which also co-ordinates the ‘Long-term Co-evolution of Life and the Planet’ programme.
  • ‘Detecting and classifying bifurcations in the climate system’ funded by NERC (NE/F005474/1): £275,896.
  • ‘Modelling evolution, ecology and biogeochemistry of marine microbial ecosystems’ funded by the Leverhulme Trust (F/00 204/AP): £249,917.
  • ‘Ocean circulation, nutrient cycling and atmospheric carbon dioxide’ funded by NERC (NE/G018332/1): £270,110.

Publications

Key publications | Publications by category | Publications by year

Key publications


Lenton TM, Latour B (2018). Gaia 2.0 Could humans add some level of self-awareness to Earth's self-regulation?. Science, 361(6407), 1066-1068. Full text.
Clarkson MO, Kasemann SA, Wood RA, Lenton TM, Daines SJ, Richoz S, Ohnemueller F, Meixner A, Poulton SW, Tipper ET, et al (2015). Ocean acidification and the Permo-Triassic mass extinction. Science, 348(6231), 229-232. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Boulton CA, Lenton TM (2015). Slowing down of North Pacific climate variability and its implications for abrupt ecosystem change. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 112(37), 11496-11501. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Lontzek TS, Cai Y, Judd KL, Lenton TM (2015). Stochastic integrated assessment of climate tipping points indicates the need for strict climate policy. Nature Climate Change, 5(5), 441-444. Abstract.  Full text.
Lenton TM, Boyle RA, Poulton SW, Shields-Zhou GA, Butterfield NJ (2014). Co-evolution of eukaryotes and ocean oxygenation in the Neoproterozoic era. Nature Geoscience, 7(4), 257-265. Abstract.  Full text.
Daines SJ, Clark JR, Lenton TM (2014). Multiple environmental controls on phytoplankton growth strategies determine adaptive responses of the N : P ratio. Ecol Lett, 17(4), 414-425. Abstract.  Author URL.

Publications by category


Books

Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2011). Revolutions that made the Earth. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Journal articles

Williams JJ, Mills BJW, Lenton TM (In Press). A tectonically driven Ediacaran oxygenation event. Nat Commun, 10(1). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Carnicer J, Domingo-Marimon C, Ninyerola M, Camarero JJ, Bastos A, López-Parages J, Blanquer L, Rodríguez-Fonseca B, Lenton TM, Dakos V, et al (In Press). Regime shifts of Mediterranean forest carbon uptake and reduced resilience driven by multidecadal ocean surface temperatures. Glob Chang Biol, 25(8), 2825-2840. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Latour B, Lenton TM (2019). Extending the domain of freedom, or why gaia is so hard to understand. Critical Inquiry, 45(3), 659-680. Full text.
Mills BJW, Krause AJ, Scotese CR, Hill DJ, Shields GA, Lenton TM (2019). Modelling the long-term carbon cycle, atmospheric CO<inf>2</inf>, and Earth surface temperature from late Neoproterozoic to present day. Gondwana Research, 67, 172-186. Abstract.
Bathiany S, Scheffer M, van Nes EH, Williamson MS, Lenton TM (2018). Abrupt Climate Change in an Oscillating World. Sci Rep, 8(1). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Nicholson AE, Wilkinson DM, Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2018). Alternative mechanisms for Gaia. J Theor Biol, 457, 249-257. Abstract.  Author URL.
Bathiany S, Dakos V, Scheffer M, Lenton TM (2018). Climate models predict increasing temperature variability in poor countries. Sci Adv, 4(5). Abstract.  Author URL.
van de Velde S, Mills BJW, Meysman FJR, Lenton TM, Poulton SW (2018). Early Palaeozoic ocean anoxia and global warming driven by the evolution of shallow burrowing. Nat Commun, 9(1). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Lenton TM, Latour B (2018). Gaia 2.0 Could humans add some level of self-awareness to Earth's self-regulation?. Science, 361(6407), 1066-1068. Full text.
Nicholson AE, Wilkinson DM, Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2018). Gaian bottlenecks and planetary habitability maintained by evolving. model biospheres: the ExoGaia model. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Abstract.  Full text.
Harper AB, Powell T, Cox PM, House J, Huntingford C, Lenton TM, Sitch S, Burke E, Chadburn SE, Collins WJ, et al (2018). Land-use emissions play a critical role in land-based mitigation for Paris climate targets. Nat Commun, 9(1). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Lu W, Ridgwell A, Thomas E, Hardisty DS, Luo G, Algeo TJ, Saltzman MR, Gill BC, Shen Y, Ling HF, et al (2018). Late inception of a resiliently oxygenated upper ocean. Science, 361(6398), 174-177. Abstract.
McKay DIA, Lenton TM (2018). Reduced carbon cycle resilience across the Palaeocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. CLIMATE OF THE PAST, 14(10), 1515-1527. Author URL.  Full text.
Lenton TM, Daines SJ, Dyke JG, Nicholson AE, Wilkinson DM, Williams HTP (2018). Selection for Gaia across Multiple Scales. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 33(8), 633-645. Abstract.  Full text.
Krause AJ, Mills BJW, Zhang S, Planavsky NJ, Lenton TM, Poulton SW (2018). Stepwise oxygenation of the Paleozoic atmosphere. Nat Commun, 9(1). Abstract.  Author URL.
Quinn C, Sieber J, Heydt ASVD, Lenton TM (2018). The Mid-Pleistocene Transition induced by delayed feedback and. bistability. Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System Abstract.  Full text.
Lenton TM, Daines S (2018). The effects of marine eukaryote evolution on phosphorus, carbon and oxygen cycling across the Proterozoic–Phanerozoic transition. Emerging Topics in Life Sciences Full text.
Steffen W, Rockström J, Richardson K, Lenton TM, Folke C, Liverman D, Summerhayes CP, Barnosky AD, Cornell SE, Crucifix M, et al (2018). Trajectories of the Earth System in the Anthropocene. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115(33), 8252-8259. Abstract.  Full text.
Clarkson MO, Stirling CH, Jenkyns HC, Dickson AJ, Porcelli D, Moy CM, Von Strandmann PPAE, Cooke IR, Lenton TM (2018). Uranium isotope evidence for two episodes of deoxygenation during Oceanic Anoxic Event 2. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115(12), 2918-2923. Abstract.  Full text.
Mander L, Dekker SC, Li M, Mio W, Punyasena S, Lenton TM (2017). A morphometric analysis of vegetation patterns in dryland ecosystems. Royal Society Open Science, 4(2). Abstract.  Full text.
Alexander P, Prestele R, Verburg PH, Arneth A, Baranzelli C, Batista e Silva F, Brown C, Butler A, Calvin K, Dendoncker N, et al (2017). Assessing uncertainties in land cover projections. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, 23(2), 767-781. Author URL.
Daines SJ, Mills BJW, Lenton TM (2017). Atmospheric oxygen regulation at low Proterozoic levels by incomplete oxidative weathering of sedimentary organic carbon. Nature Communications, 8 Abstract.  Full text.
Lenton TM, Daines SJ (2017). Biogeochemical Transformations in the History of the Ocean. Annual Review of Marine Science, 9(1), 31-58. Abstract.  Full text.
Lenton TM, Daines S, Mills B (2017). COPSE reloaded: an improved model of biogeochemical cycling over Phanerozoic time. Earth-Science Reviews Full text.
Baker SJ, Hesselbo SP, Lenton TM, Duarte LV, Belcher CM (2017). Charcoal evidence that rising atmospheric oxygen terminated Early Jurassic ocean anoxia. Nature Communications Full text.
Williamson MS, collins M, drijfhout S, kahana R, mecking J, lenton TM (2017). Effect of AMOC collapse on ENSO in a high resolution general circulation model. Climate Dynamics Full text.
Mills BJW, Scotese CR, Walding NG, Shields GA, Lenton TM (2017). Elevated CO<inf>2</inf> degassing rates prevented the return of Snowball Earth during the Phanerozoic. Nature Communications, 8(1). Abstract.  Full text.
Lenton TM, Pogge von Strandmann PAE, Desrochers A, Murphy MJ, Finlay AJ, Selby D (2017). Global climate stabilisation by chemical weathering during the Hirnantian glaciation. Geochemical Perspectives Full text.
Lenton TM, Daines SJ (2017). Matworld - the biogeochemical effects of early life on land. New Phytol, 215(2), 531-537. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Nicholson AE, Wilkinson DM, Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2017). Multiple states of environmental regulation in well-mixed model biospheres. J Theor Biol, 414, 17-34. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Lenton TM, Dakos V, Bathiany S, Scheffer M (2017). Observed trends in the magnitude and persistence of monthly temperature variability. Scientific Reports, 7(1). Abstract.  Full text.
Watson AJ, Lenton TM, Mills BJW (2017). Ocean deoxygenation, the global phosphorus cycle and the possibility of human-caused large-scale ocean anoxia. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 375(2102). Abstract.  Full text.
Boysen LR, Lucht W, Gerten D, Heck V, Lenton TM, Schellnhuber HJ (2017). The limits to global-warming mitigation by terrestrial carbon removal. Earth's Future, 5(5), 463-474. Abstract.  Full text.
Dale AW, Boyle RA, Lenton TM, Ingall ED, Wallmann K (2016). A model for microbial phosphorus cycling in bioturbated marine sediments: Significance for phosphorus burial in the early Paleozoic. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 189, 251-268. Abstract.  Full text.
Mills BJW, Belcher CM, Lenton TM, Newton RJ (2016). A modeling case for high atmospheric oxygen concentrations during the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. Geology, 44(12), 1023-1026. Abstract.
Mock T, Daines SJ, Geider R, Collins S, Metodiev M, Millar AJ, Moulton V, Lenton TM (2016). Bridging the gap between omics and earth system science to better understand how environmental change impacts marine microbes. Glob Chang Biol, 22(1), 61-75. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM, Dahl TW, Daines SJ, Mills BJW, Ozaki K, Saltzman MR, Porada P (2016). Earliest land plants created modern levels of atmospheric oxygen. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113(35), 9704-9709. Abstract.  Full text.
Williamson MS, Bathiany S, M Lenton T (2016). Early warning signals of tipping points in periodically forced systems. Earth System Dynamics, 7(2), 313-326. Abstract.  Full text.
Porada P, Lenton TM, Pohl A, Weber B, Mander L, Donnadieu Y, Beer C, Pöschl U, Kleidon A (2016). High potential for weathering and climate effects of non-vascular vegetation in the Late Ordovician. Nature Communications, 7 Abstract.  Full text.
Clark JR, Cole M, Lindeque PK, Fileman E, Blackford J, Lewis C, Lenton TM, Galloway TS (2016). Marine microplastic debris: a targeted plan for understanding and quantifying interactions with marine life. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 14, 317-324. Full text.
Lenton TM, Pichler PP, Weisz H (2016). Revolutions in energy input and material cycling in Earth history and human history. Earth System Dynamics, 7(2), 353-370. Abstract.  Full text.
Lenton TM, Pichler PP, Weisz H (2016). Revolutions in energy input and material cycling in Earth history and human history. Earth System Dynamics Discussions, 1-30. Full text.
Cai Y, Lenton TM, Lontzek TS (2016). Risk of multiple interacting tipping points should encourage rapid CO2 emission reduction. Nature Climate Change Full text.
Bathiany S, Van Der Bolt B, Williamson MS, Lenton TM, Scheffer M, Van Nes EH, Notz D (2016). Statistical indicators of Arctic sea-ice stability-prospects and limitations. Cryosphere, 10(4), 1631-1645. Abstract.  Full text.
Daines SJ, Lenton TM (2016). The effect of widespread early aerobic marine ecosystems on methane cycling and the Great Oxidation. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 434, 42-51. Abstract.  Full text.
Bathiany S, Bolt BVD, Williamson MS, Lenton TM, Scheffer M, Nes EV, Notz D (2016). Trends in sea-ice variability on the way to an ice-free Arctic. The Cryosphere Abstract.  Full text.
Lomax G, Lenton TM, Adeosun A, Workman M (2015). COMMENTARY: Investing in negative emissions. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE, 5(6), 498-500. Author URL.
Sillmann J, Lenton TM, Levermann A, Ott K, Hulme M, Benduhn F, Horton JB (2015). COMMENTARY: No emergency argument for climate engineering. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE, 5(4), 290-292. Author URL.
Van Nes EH, Scheffer M, Brovkin V, Lenton TM, Ye H, Deyle E, Sugihara G (2015). Causal feedbacks in climate change. Nature Climate Change, 5(5), 445-448. Abstract.
Sillmann J, Lenton TM, Levermann A, Ott K, Hulme M, Benduhn F, Horton JB (2015). Climate emergencies do not justify engineering the climate. Nature Climate Change, 5(4), 290-292. Abstract.
Williamson MS, Lenton TM (2015). Detection of bifurcations in noisy coupled systems from multiple time series. Chaos, 25(3). Abstract.  Full text.
Thomas ZA, Kwasniok F, Boulton CA, Cox PM, Jones RT, Lenton TM, Turney CSM (2015). Early warnings and missed alarms for abrupt monsoon transitions. Climate of the Past, 11(12), 1621-1633. Abstract.  Full text.
Cai Y, Judd KL, Lenton TM, Lontzek TS, Narita D (2015). Environmental tipping points significantly affect the cost-benefit assessment of climate policies. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 112(15), 4606-4611. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lomax G, Lenton TM, Adeosun A, Workman M (2015). Investing in negative emissions. Nature Climate Change, 5(6), 498-500.
Lewis KH, Lenton TM (2015). Knowledge problems in climate change and security research. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change Abstract.
Lewis KH, Lenton TM (2015). Knowledge problems in climate change and security research. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 6(4), 383-399. Abstract.
Clarkson MO, Kasemann SA, Wood RA, Lenton TM, Daines SJ, Richoz S, Ohnemueller F, Meixner A, Poulton SW, Tipper ET, et al (2015). Ocean acidification and the Permo-Triassic mass extinction. Science, 348(6231), 229-232. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Lomax G, Workman M, Lenton T, Shah N (2015). Reframing the policy approach to greenhouse gas removal technologies. ENERGY POLICY, 78, 125-136. Author URL.
Boulton CA, Lenton TM (2015). Slowing down of North Pacific climate variability and its implications for abrupt ecosystem change. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 112(37), 11496-11501. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Lontzek TS, Cai Y, Judd KL, Lenton TM (2015). Stochastic integrated assessment of climate tipping points indicates the need for strict climate policy. Nature Climate Change, 5(5), 441-444. Abstract.  Full text.
Colbourn G, Ridgwell A, Lenton TM (2015). The time scale of the silicate weathering negative feedback on atmospheric CO&lt;inf&gt;2&lt;/inf&gt;. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29(5), 583-596. Abstract.
Colbourn G, Ridgwell A, Lenton TM (2015). The time scale of the silicate weathering negative feedback on atmospheric CO&lt;inf&gt;2&lt;/inf&gt;. Global Biogeochemical Cycles Abstract.
Lenton T (2014). A Rough Ride to the Future: the Next Evolution of Gaia. NATURE, 508(7494), 41-42. Author URL.
Barrett S, Lenton TM, Millner A, Tavoni A, Carpenter S, Anderies JM, III CFS, Crepin A-S, Daily G, Ehrlich P, et al (2014). COMMENTARY: Climate engineering reconsidered. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE, 4(7), 527-529. Author URL.
Mills B, Daines SJ, Lenton TM (2014). Changing tectonic controls on the long-term carbon cycle from Mesozoic to present. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems Abstract.
Mills B, Daines SJ, Lenton TM (2014). Changing tectonic controls on the long-term carbon cycle from Mesozoic to present. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 15(12), 4866-4884. Abstract.
Barrett S, Lenton TM, Millner A, Tavoni A, Carpenter S, Anderies JM, Chapin FS, Crépin AS, Daily G, Ehrlich P, et al (2014). Climate engineering reconsidered. Nature Climate Change, 4(7), 527-529.
Lenton TM, Boyle RA, Poulton SW, Shields-Zhou GA, Butterfield NJ (2014). Co-evolution of eukaryotes and ocean oxygenation in the Neoproterozoic era. Nature Geoscience, 7(4), 257-265. Abstract.  Full text.
Boulton CA, Allison LC, Lenton TM (2014). Early warning signals of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation collapse in a fully coupled climate model. Nat Commun, 5 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Lenton TM (2014). Game theory: Tipping climate cooperation. Nature Climate Change, 4(1), 14-15.
Daines SJ, Clark JR, Lenton TM (2014). Multiple environmental controls on phytoplankton growth strategies determine adaptive responses of the N:P ratio. Ecology Letters, 17(4), 414-425. Abstract.
Daines SJ, Clark JR, Lenton TM (2014). Multiple environmental controls on phytoplankton growth strategies determine adaptive responses of the N : P ratio. Ecol Lett, 17(4), 414-425. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mills B, Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2014). Proterozoic oxygen rise linked to shifting balance between seafloor and terrestrial weathering. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 111(25), 9073-9078. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Boucher O, Forster PM, Gruber N, Ha-Duong M, Lawrence MG, Lenton TM, Maas A, Vaughan NE (2014). Rethinking climate engineering categorization in the context of climate change mitigation and adaptation. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 5(1), 23-35. Abstract.
Dearing JA, Wang R, Zhang K, Dyke JG, Haberl H, Hossain MS, Langdon PG, Lenton TM, Raworth K, Brown S, et al (2014). Safe and just operating spaces for regional social-ecological systems. GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE-HUMAN AND POLICY DIMENSIONS, 28, 227-238. Author URL.
Boyle RA, Dahl TW, Dale AW, Shields-Zhou GA, Zhu M, Brasier MD, Canfield DE, Lenton TM (2014). Stabilization of the coupled oxygen and phosphorus cycles by the evolution of bioturbation. Nature Geoscience, 7(9), 671-676. Abstract.  Full text.
Lenton T (2014). The Meaning of Human Existence. NATURE, 513(7518), 310-311. Author URL.
Lenton TM (2014). The global potential for carbon dioxide removal. Issues in Environmental Science and Technology, 2014-January(38), 52-79. Abstract.
Dahl TW, Boyle RA, Canfield DE, Connelly JN, Gill BC, Lenton TM, Bizzarro M (2014). Uranium isotopes distinguish two geochemically distinct stages during the later Cambrian SPICE event. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 401, 313-326. Abstract.
Bellamy R, Chilvers J, Vaughan NE, Lenton TM (2013). 'Opening up' geoengineering appraisal: Multi-Criteria Mapping of options for tackling climate change. Global Environmental Change
Bellamy R, Chilvers J, Vaughan NE, Lenton TM (2013). 'Opening up' geoengineering appraisal: Multi-Criteria Mapping of options for tackling climate change. Global Environmental Change, 23(5), 926-937. Abstract.
Livina VN, Lenton TM (2013). A recent tipping point in the Arctic sea-ice cover: abrupt and. persistent increase in the seasonal cycle since 2007. The Cryosphere Abstract.
Rockström J, Steffen W, Noone K, Persson A, Chapin FS, Lambin EF, Lenton TM, Scheffer M, Folke C, Joachim H, et al (2013). A safe operating space for humanity. , 491-501.
Boulton CA, Good P, Lenton TM (2013). Early warning signals of simulated Amazon rainforest dieback. Theoretical Ecology, 6(3), 373-384. Abstract.  Full text.
Lenton T (2013). Earthmasters: the dawn of the age of climate engineering. GEOGRAPHY, 98, 160-161. Author URL.
Clark JR, Lenton TM, Williams HTP, Daines SJ (2013). Environmental selection and resource allocation determine spatial patterns in picophytoplankton cell size. Limnology and Oceanography, 58(3), 1008-1022. Abstract.
Lenton TM (2013). Environmental tipping points. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 38, 1-29. Abstract.
Lenton TM (2013). Fire Feedbacks on Atmospheric Oxygen. , 289-308. Abstract.
Livina VN, Lohmann G, Mudelsee M, Lenton TM (2013). Forecasting the underlying potential governing the time series of a dynamical system. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 392(18), 3891-3902. Abstract.  Full text.
Lenton TN, Bercaw JE, Panchenko VN, Zakharov VA, Babushkin DE, Soshnikov IE, Talsi EP, Brintzinger HH (2013). Formation of Trivalent Zirconocene Complexes from ansa-Zirconocene-Based Olefin-Polymerization Precatalysts: an EPR- and NMR-Spectroscopic Study. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 135(29), 10710-10719. Author URL.
Hoogakker BAA, Downy F, Andersson MA, Chapman MR, Elderfield H, McCave IN, Lenton TM, Grützner J (2013). Gulf Stream - subtropical gyre properties across two Dansgaard-Oeschger cycles. Quaternary Science Reviews, 81, 105-113. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Ciscar JC (2013). Integrating tipping points into climate impact assessments. Climatic Change, 117(3), 585-597. Abstract.
Boyle RA, Clark JR, Poulton SW, Shields-Zhou G, Canfield DE, Lenton TM (2013). Nitrogen cycle feedbacks as a control on euxinia in the mid-Proterozoic ocean. Nat Commun, 4 Abstract.  Author URL.
Huntingford C, Jones PD, Livina VN, Lenton TM, Cox PM (2013). No increase in global temperature variability despite changing regional patterns. Nature, 500(7462), 327-330. Abstract.
Huntingford C, Jones PD, Livina VN, Lenton TM, Cox PM (2013). No increase in global temperature variability despite changing regional patterns. Nature, 500(7462), 327-330. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM, Williams HTP (2013). On the origin of planetary-scale tipping points. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 28(7), 380-382. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Williams HTP (2013). On the origin of planetary-scale tipping points. Trends Ecol Evol, 28(7), 380-382. Abstract.  Author URL.
Moore CM, Mills MM, Arrigo KR, Berman-Frank I, Bopp L, Boyd PW, Galbraith ED, Geider RJ, Guieu C, Jaccard SL, et al (2013). Processes and patterns of oceanic nutrient limitation. Nature Geoscience, 6(9), 701-710. Abstract.
Powell TWR, Lenton TM (2013). Scenarios for future biodiversity loss due to multiple drivers reveal conflict between mitigating climate change and preserving biodiversity. Environmental Research Letters, 8(2). Abstract.
Colbourn G, Ridgwell A, Lenton TM (2013). The Rock Geochemical Model (RokGeM) v0.9. Geoscientific Model Development, 6(5), 1543-1573. Abstract.
Toseland A, Daines SJ, Clark JR, Kirkham A, Strauss J, Uhlig C, Lenton TM, Valentin K, Pearson GA, Moulton V, et al (2013). The impact of temperature on marine phytoplankton resource allocation and metabolism. Nature Climate Change
Bellamy R, Chilvers J, Vaughan NE, Lenton TM (2012). A review of climate geoengineering appraisals. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 3(6), 597-615. Abstract.
Duarte CM, Lenton TM, Wadhams P, Wassmann P (2012). Abrupt climate change in the Arctic. Nature Climate Change, 2(2), 60-62.
Livina VN, Ditlevsen PD, Lenton TM (2012). An independent test of methods of detecting system states and bifurcations in time-series data. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 391(3), 485-496. Abstract.
Scheffer M, Carpenter SR, Lenton TM, Bascompte J, Brock W, Dakos V, van de Koppel J, van de Leemput IA, Levin SA, van Nes EH, et al (2012). Anticipating critical transitions. Science, 338(6105), 344-348. Abstract.  Author URL.
Wadhams P (2012). Arctic Ice Cover, Ice Thickness and Tipping Points. AMBIO, 41(1), 23-33. Author URL.
Lenton TM (2012). Arctic climate tipping points. Ambio, 41(1), 10-22. Abstract.  Author URL.
Wassmann P, Lenton TM (2012). Arctic tipping points in an Earth System perspective. Ambio, 41(1), 1-9. Abstract.
Wassmann P, Lenton TM (2012). Arctic tipping points in an Earth system perspective. Ambio, 41(1), 1-9. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM, Livina VN, Dakos V, Scheffer M (2012). Climate bifurcation during the last deglaciation?. Climate of the Past, 8(4), 1127-1139. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Livina VN, Dakos V, van Nes EH, Scheffer M (2012). Early warning of climate tipping points from critical slowing down: comparing methods to improve robustness. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 370(1962), 1185-1204. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM, Crouch M, Johnson M, Pires N, Dolan L (2012). First plants cooled the Ordovician. NATURE GEOSCIENCE, 5(2), 86-89. Author URL.
Lenton TM, Crouch M, Johnson M, Pires N, Dolan L (2012). First plants cooled the Ordovician. Nature Geoscience, 5(2), 86-89.
Powell TWR, Lenton TM (2012). Future carbon dioxide removal via biomass energy constrained by agricultural efficiency and dietary trends. Energy and Environmental Science, 5(8), 8116-8133. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Ciscar J-C (2012). Integrating tipping points into climate impact assessments. Climatic Change, 1-13.
Vaughan NE, Lenton TM (2012). Interactions between reducing CO2 emissions, CO2 removal and solar radiation management. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 370(1974), 4343-4364. Abstract.  Author URL.
Boyle RA, Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2012). Natural selection for costly nutrient recycling in simulated microbial metacommunities. J Theor Biol, 312, 1-12. Abstract.  Author URL.
Levermann A, Bamber JL, Drijfhout S, Ganopolski A, Haeberli W, Harris NRP, Huss M, Krueger K, Lenton TM, Lindsay RW, et al (2012). Potential climatic transitions with profound impact on Europe Review of the current state of six 'tipping elements of the climate system'. CLIMATIC CHANGE, 110(3-4), 845-878. Author URL.
Lenton TN, VanderVelde DG, Bercaw JE (2012). Synthesis of a Bis(thiophenolate)pyridine Ligand and its Titanium, Zirconium, and Tantalum Complexes. ORGANOMETALLICS, 31(21), 7492-7499. Author URL.
Van Der Giezen M, Lenton TM (2012). The rise of oxygen and complex life. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 59(2), 111-113. Abstract.
Van Der Giezen M, Lenton TM (2012). The rise of oxygen and complex life. J Eukaryot Microbiol, 59(2), 111-113. Abstract.  Author URL.
Duarte CM, Agusti S, Wassmann P, Arrieta JM, Alcaraz M, Coello A, Marba N, Hendriks IE, Holding J, Garcia-Zarandona I, et al (2012). Tipping Elements in the Arctic Marine Ecosystem. AMBIO, 41(1), 44-55. Author URL.
Lenton TM (2012). What early warning systems are there for environmental shocks?. Environmental Science and Policy Abstract.
Lenton T (2011). 2 degrees C or not 2 degrees C? That is the climate question. NATURE, 473(7345), 7-7. Author URL.
Lenton TM (2011). 2 °C or not 2 °C? That is the climate question. Nature, 473
Vaughan NE, Lenton TM (2011). A review of climate geoengineering proposals. Climatic Change, 109(3-4), 745-790. Abstract.
Lenton TM (2011). Beyond 2°C: Redefining dangerous climate change for physical systems. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 2(3), 451-461.
Livina VN, Kwasniok F, Lohmann G, Kantelhardt JW, Lenton TM (2011). Changing climate states and stability: from Pliocene to present. Climate Dynamics, 37, 2437-2453.
Lenton TM (2011). Early warning of climate tipping points. Nature Climate Change, 1, 201-209.
Clark JR, Daines S, Lenton TM, Watson AJ, Williams HTP (2011). Individual-based modelling of adaptation in marine microbial populations using genetically defined physiological parameters. Ecological Modelling
Thomas MA, Suntharalingam P, Pozzoli L, Devasthale A, Kloster S, Rast S, Feichter J, Lenton TM (2011). Non-linearity in DMS aerosol-cloud-climate interactions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 11(5), 15227-15253.
Goodwin P, Oliver KIC, Lenton TM (2011). Observational constraints on the causes of Holocene CO <inf>2</inf> change. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 25(3). Abstract.
Thomas MA, Suntharalingam P, Pozzoli L, Devasthale A, Kloster S, Rast S, Feichter J, Lenton TM (2011). Rate of non-linearity in DMS aerosol-cloud-climate interactions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(21), 11175-11183. Abstract.
Boyle RA, Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2011). Symbiotic physiology promotes homeostasis in Daisyworld. J Theor Biol, 274(1), 170-182. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mills B, Watson AJ, Goldblatt C, Boyle R, Lenton TM (2011). Timing of Neoproterozoic glaciations linked to transport-limited global weathering. Nature Geoscience, 4(12), 861-864. Abstract.  Full text.
Holden PB, Edwards NR, Oliver KIC, Lenton TM, Wilkinson RD (2010). A probabilistic calibration of climate sensitivity and terrestrial carbon change in GENIE-1. Climate Dynamics, 35(5), 785-806. Abstract.
Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2010). Evolutionary regime shifts in simulated ecosystems. Oikos, 119(12), 1887-1899. Abstract.
Livina V, Kwasniok F, Lenton T (2010). Potential analysis reveals changing number of climate states during the last 60 kyr. Climate of the Past, 6, 77-82.
Thomas MA, Suntharalingam P, Pozzoli L, Rast S, Devasthale A, Kloster S, Feichter J, Lenton TM (2010). Quantification of DMS aerosol-cloud-climate interactions using ECHAM5-HAMMOZ model in current climate scenario. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 10(2), 3087-3187.
Thomas MA, Suntharalingam P, Pozzoli L, Rast S, Devasthale A, Kloster S, Feichter J, Lenton TM (2010). Quantification of DMS aerosol-cloud-climate interactions using the ECHAM5-HAMMOZ model in a current climate scenario. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10(15), 7425-7438. Abstract.
Lenton TM (2010). The potential for land-based biological CO2 removal to lower future atmospheric CO2 concentration. Carbon Management, 1(1), 145-160.
Rockström J, Steffen W, Noone K, Persson A, Chapin FS, Lambin EF, Lenton TM, Scheffer M, Folke C, Schellnhuber HJ, et al (2009). A safe operating space for humanity. Nature, 461(7263), 472-475. Author URL.
Goldblatt C, Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2009). An evaluation of the long-wave radiative transfer code used in the Met Office Unified Model. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 135(640), 619-633. Abstract.
Vaughan NE, Lenton TM, Shepherd JG (2009). Climate change mitigation: Trade-offs between delay and strength of action required. Climatic Change, 96(1), 29-43. Abstract.
Vaughan NE, Lenton TM, Shepherd JG (2009). Climate change mitigation: trade-offs between delay and strength of action required. CLIMATIC CHANGE, 96(1-2), 29-43. Author URL.
Fairman MJ, Price AR, Xue G, Molinari M, Nicole DA, Lenton TM, Marsh R, Takeda K, Cox SJ (2009). Earth system modelling with Windows Workflow Foundation. Future Generation Computer Systems, 25(5), 586-597. Abstract.
Goldblatt C, Claire MW, Lenton TM, Matthews AJ, Watson AJ, Zahnle KJ (2009). Nitrogen-enhanced greenhouse warming on earlyEarth. Nature Geoscience, 2(12), 891-896. Abstract.
Rockström J, Steffen W, Noone K, Persson A, Chapin FS, Lambin E, Lenton TM, Scheffer M, Folke C, Schellnhuber HJ, et al (2009). Planetary boundaries: Exploring the safe operating space for humanity. Ecology and Society, 14(2). Abstract.
Livina VN, Kwasniok F, Lenton TM (2009). Potential analysis reveals changing number of climate states during the last 60 kyr. Climate of the Past Discussions, 5(5), 2223-2237.
Goodwin P, Lenton TM (2009). Quantifying the feedback between ocean heating and CO&lt;inf&gt;2&lt;/inf&gt; solubility as an equivalent carbon emission. Geophysical Research Letters, 36(15). Abstract.
Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2009). Rebels with a cause. NERC Planet Earth(Winter 2009).
Miles CJ, Bell TG, Lenton TM (2009). Testing the relationship between the solar radiation dose and surface DMS concentrations using in situ data. Biogeosciences, 6(9), 1927-1934. Abstract.
Veron JEN, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Lenton TM, Lough JM, Obura DO, Pearce-Kelly P, Sheppard CRC, Spalding M, Stafford-Smith MG, Rogers AD, et al (2009). The coral reef crisis: the critical importance of<350 ppm CO2. Mar Pollut Bull, 58(10), 1428-1436. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM, Vaughan NE (2009). The radiative forcing potential of different climate geoengineering options. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9(15), 5539-5561. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Myerscough RJ, Marsh R, Livina VN, Price AR, Cox SJ, Genie Team (2009). Using GENIE to study a tipping point in the climate system. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 367(1890), 871-884. Abstract.  Author URL.
Livina VN, Edwards NR, Goswami S, Lenton TM (2008). A wavelet-coefficient score for comparison of two-dimensional climatic-data fields. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 134(633), 941-955. Author URL.
Wood AJ, Ackland GJ, Dyke JG, Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2008). Daisyworld: a review. Reviews of Geophysics, 46(1). Abstract.
Lenton T (2008). Engines of life - Review of 'Energy in Nature and Society' by Vaclav Smil. Nature, 452, 691-692.
Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2008). Environmental regulation in a network of simulated microbial ecosystems. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 105(30), 10432-10437. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM, Held H, Kriegler E, Hall JW, Lucht W, Rahmstorf S, Schellnhuber HJ (2008). Tipping elements in the Earth's climate system. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 105(6), 1786-1793. Abstract.  Author URL.
Johnson MT, Vaughan NE, Goodwin P, Goldblatt C, Roudesli S, Lenton TM (2008). Why NH<inf>3</inf> is not a candidate reagent for ambient CO<inf>2</inf> fixation: a response to "alternative solution to global warming arising from CO<inf>2</inf> Emissions - Partial neutralization of tropospheric H <inf>2</inf>CO<inf>3</inf> with NH<inf>3</inf>". Environmental Progress, 27(3), 412-417. Abstract.
Livina VN, Lenton TM (2007). A modified method for detecting incipient bifurcations in a dynamical system. Geophysical Research Letters, 34(3). Abstract.
Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2007). Artificial selection of simulated microbial ecosystems. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 104(21), 8918-8923. Abstract.  Author URL.
Ridgwell A, Zondervan I, Hargreaves JC, Bijma J, Lenton TM (2007). Assessing the potential long-term increase of oceanic fossil fuel CO <inf>2</inf> uptake due to CO<inf>2</inf>-calcification feedback. Biogeosciences, 4(4), 481-492. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Klausmeier CA (2007). Biotic stoichiometric controls on the deep ocean N:P ratio. Biogeosciences Discussions, 4(1), 417-454.
Lenton TM, Klausmeier CA (2007). Biotic stoichiometric controls on the deep ocean N:P ratio. Biogeosciences, 4(3), 353-367. Abstract.
Goldblatt C, Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2007). Bistability of atmospheric oxygen and the great oxidation: Implications for life detection. ASTROBIOLOGY, 7(3), 483-483. Author URL.
Lenton TM, Marsh R, Price AR, Lunt DJ, Aksenov Y, Annan JD, Cooper-Chadwick T, Cox SJ, Edwards NR, Goswami S, et al (2007). Effects of atmospheric dynamics and ocean resolution on bi-stability of the thermohaline circulation examined using the Grid ENabled Integrated Earth system modelling (GENIE) framework. Climate Dynamics, 29(6), 591-613. Abstract.
Ridgwell A, Hargreaves JC, Edwards NR, Annan JD, Lenton TM, Marsh R, Yool A, Watson A (2007). Marine geochemical data assimilation in an efficient Earth system model of global biogeochemical cycling. Biogeosciences, 4(1), 87-104. Abstract.
Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2007). Microbial Gaia: a new model for the evolution of environmental regulation. Gaia Circular
Boyle RA, Lenton TM, Williams HTP (2007). Neoproterozoic 'snowball Earth' glaciations and the evolution of altruism. Geobiology, 5(4), 337-349. Abstract.
Price AR, Xue G, Yool A, Lunt DJ, Valdes PJ, Lenton TM, Wason JL, Pound GE, Cox SJ (2007). Optimization of integrated Earth System Model components using Grid-enabled data management and computation. Concurrency Computation Practice and Experience, 19(2), 153-165. Abstract.
Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2007). The Flask model: Emergence of nutrient-recycling microbial ecosystems and their disruption by environment-altering 'rebel' organisms. Oikos, 116(7), 1087-1105. Abstract.
Williamson MS, Lenton TM, Shepherd JG, Edwards NR (2006). An efficient numerical terrestrial scheme (ENTS) for Earth system modelling. Ecological Modelling, 198(3-4), 362-374. Abstract.
Goldblatt C, Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2006). Bistability of atmospheric oxygen and the Great Oxidation. Nature, 443(7112), 683-686. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM (2006). Climate change to the end of the millennium: an editorial review essay. Climatic Change, 76(1-2), 7-29. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Klausmeier CA (2006). Co-evolution of phytoplankton C:N:P stoichiometry and the deep ocean N:P ratio. Biogeosciences Discussions, 3(4), 1023-1047.
Lunt DJ, Williamson MS, Valdes PJ, Lenton TM (2006). Comparing transient, accelerated, and equilibrium simulations of the last 30 000 years with the GENIE-1 model. Climate of the Past Discussions, 2(3), 267-283.
Lunt DJ, Williamson MS, Valdes PJ, Lenton TM, Marsh R (2006). Comparing transient, accelerated, and equilibrium simulations of the last 30 000 years with the GENIE-1 model. Climate of the Past, 2(2), 221-235. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Britton C (2006). Enhanced carbonate and silicate weathering accelerates recovery from fossil fuel CO2 perturbations. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 20(3). Abstract.
Boyle RA, Lenton TM (2006). Fluctuation in the physical environment as a mechanism for reinforcing evolutionary transitions. J Theor Biol, 242(4), 832-843. Abstract.  Author URL.
Ridgwell A, Hargreaves JC, Edwards NR, Annan JD, Lenton TM, Marsh R, Yool A, Watson A (2006). Marine geochemical data assimilation in an efficient Earth system model of global biogeochemical cycling. Biogeosciences Discussions, 3(4), 1313-1354.
Lenton TM, Williamson MS, Edwards NR, Marsh R, Price AR, Ridgwell AJ, Shepherd JG, Cox SJ (2006). Millennial timescale carbon cycle and climate change in an efficient Earth system model. Climate Dynamics, 26(7-8), 687-711. Abstract.
Marsh R, Smith MPLM, Rohling EJ, Lunt DJ, Lenton TM, Williamson MS, Yool A (2006). Modelling ocean circulation, climate and oxygen isotopes in the ocean over the last 120000 years. Climate of the Past Discussions, 2(5), 657-709.
Price AR, Voutchkov II, Pound GE, Edwards NR, Lenton TM, Cox SJ (2006). Multiobjective tuning of Grid-enabled earth system models using a Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA-II). e-Science 2006 - Second IEEE International Conference on e-Science and Grid Computing Abstract.
Wood AJ, Ackland GJ, Lenton TM (2006). Mutation of albedo and growth response produces oscillations in a spatial Daisyworld. J Theor Biol, 242(1), 188-198. Abstract.  Author URL.
Ridgwell A, Zondervan I, Hargreaves JC, Bijma J, Lenton TM (2006). Significant long-term increase of fossil fuel CO2 uptake from reduced marine calcification. Biogeosciences Discussions, 3(6), 1763-1780.
Cameron DR, Lenton TM, Ridgwell AJ, Shepherd JG, Marsh R, Yool A (2005). A factorial analysis of the marine carbon cycle and ocean circulation controls on atmospheric CO<inf>2</inf>. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19(4). Abstract.
Adams B, White A, Lenton TM (2004). An analysis of some diverse approaches to modelling terrestrial net primary productivity. Ecological Modelling, 177(3-4), 353-391. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2004). Biotic enhancement of weathering, atmospheric oxygen and carbon dioxide in the Neoproterozoic. Geophysical Research Letters, 31(5). Abstract.
Marsh R, Yool A, Lenton TM, Gulamali MY, Edwards NR, Shepherd JG, Krznaric M, Newhouse S, Cox SJ (2004). Bistability of the thermohaline circulation identified through comprehensive 2-parameter sweeps of an efficient climate model. Climate Dynamics, 23(7-8), 761-777. Abstract.
Bergman NM, Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2004). COPSE: a new model of biogeochemical cycling over phanerozoic time. American Journal of Science, 304(5), 397-437. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Schellnhuber HJ, Szathmáry E (2004). Climbing the co-evolution ladder. Nature, 431(7011). Author URL.
Ackland GJ, Clark MA, Lenton TM (2003). Catastrophic desert formation in Daisyworld. J Theor Biol, 223(1), 39-44. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM, Wilkinson DM (2003). Developing the Gaia theory: a response to the criticisms of Kirchner and Volk. Climatic Change, 58(1-2), 1-12.
Ganopolski A, Weedon GP, Nienow PW, Wells NC, Ho MW, Lenton TM (2003). Glacial integrative modelling. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 361(1810), 1871-1884. Abstract.
Weedon GP, Ganopolski A, Nienow PW, Wells NC, Ho MW, Lenton TM (2003). Glacial integrative modelling - Discussion. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES, 361(1810), 1883-1884. Author URL.
Lenton TM, Huntingford C (2003). Global terrestrial carbon storage and uncertainties in its temperature sensitivity examined with a simple model. Global Change Biology, 9(10), 1333-1352. Abstract.
Adams B, Carr J, Lenton TM, White A (2003). One-dimensional daisyworld: spatial interactions and pattern formation. J Theor Biol, 223(4), 505-513. Abstract.  Author URL.
Handoh IC, Lenton TM (2003). Periodic mid-Cretaceous oceanic anoxic events linked by oscillations of the phosphorus and oxygen biogeochemical cycles. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 17(4), 3-1. Abstract.
Lenton T (2003). School textbook research: the case of geography 1800-2000. GEOGRAPHY, 88, 81-81. Author URL.
Gildor H, Tziperman E, Nienow PW, Shepherd JG, Alley RB, Lawton JH, Mahadevan A, Lenton TM (2003). Sea-ice switches and abrupt climate change. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 361(1810), 1935-1944. Abstract.
Nienow PW, Tziperman E, Shepherd JG, Alley RB, Lawton JH, Mahadevan A, Lenton TM (2003). Sea-ice switches and abrupt climate change - Discussion. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES, 361(1810), 1942-1944. Author URL.
Lenton TM, van Oijen M (2002). Gaia as a complex adaptive system. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 357(1421), 683-695. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM, Cannell MGR (2002). Mitigating the rate and extent of global warming. CLIMATIC CHANGE, 52(3), 255-262. Author URL.
Lenton TM, Cannell MGR (2002). Mitigating the rate and extent of global warming: an editorial essay. Climatic Change, 52(3), 255-262. Abstract.
Lenton TM (2002). Testing gaia: the effect of life on earth's habitability and regulation. Climatic Change, 52(4), 409-422. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Von Bloh W (2001). Biotic feedback extends the life span of the biosphere. Geophysical Research Letters, 28(9), 1715-1718. Abstract.
Lenton T (2001). Daisyworld and beyond. Gaia Circular, 4(1), 10-12.
Lenton TM, Lovelock JE (2001). Daisyworld revisited: Quantifying biological effects on planetary self-regulation. Tellus, Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 53(3), 288-305. Abstract.
Lenton TM (2001). The role of land plants, phosphorus weathering and fire in the rise and regulation of atmospheric oxygen. Global Change Biology, 7(6), 613-629. Abstract.
Huntingford C, Cox PM, Lenton TM (2000). Contrasting responses of a simple terrestrial ecosystem model to global change. Ecological Modelling, 134(1), 41-58. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Lovelock JE (2000). Daisyworld is Darwinian: constraints on adaptation are important for planetary self-regulation. J Theor Biol, 206(1), 109-114. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM (2000). Land and ocean carbon cycle feedback effects on global warming in a simple Earth system model. Tellus, Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 52(5), 1159-1188. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2000). Redfield revisited 1. Regulation of nitrate, phosphate, and oxygen in the ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 14(1), 225-248. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2000). Redfield revisited 2. What regulates the oxygen content of the atmosphere?. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 14(1), 249-268. Abstract.
Lenton T (1999). Gaia comes of age. Clean Air, 29(3), 71-72.
Welsh DT, Viaroli P, Hamilton WD, Lenton TM (1999). Is dmsp synthesis in chlorophycean macro-algae linked to aerial dispersal?. Ethology Ecology and Evolution, 11(3), 265-278. Abstract.
Lenton TM (1998). Gaia and natural selection. Nature, 394(6692), 439-447. Abstract.  Author URL.
Hamilton WD, Lenton TM (1998). Spora and gaia: How microbes fly with their clouds. Ethology Ecology and Evolution, 10(1), 1-16. Abstract.
Lenton T, Berner RA, Tester M, Beerling DJ (1998). The carbon cycle and CO2 over Phanerozoic time: the role of land plants - Discussion. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B - Biological Sciences, 353(1365), 81-82.
Lenton T, Upchurch G, Valdes P, Beerling DJ (1998). Vegetation-atmosphere interactions and their role in global warming during the latest Cretaceous - Discussion. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B - Biological Sciences, 353(1365), 111-112.
Smith MH, Ayers GP, Lenton T (1997). Atmospheric sulphur and cloud condensation nuclei in marine air in the Southern Hemisphere - Discussion. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 352(1350), 211-211. Author URL.
Lenton TM (1997). Gaia needs you!. British Ecological Society Bulletin, 28(3), 189-191.
Lary DJ, Chipperfield MP, Toumi R, Lenton T (1996). Heterogeneous atmospheric bromine chemistry. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 101(D1), 1489-1504. Author URL.

Chapters

Lenton TM, Livina VN (2015). Detecting and Anticipating Climate Tipping Points. In  (Ed) Extreme Events: Observations, Modeling, and Economics, 51-62.  Abstract.
Lenton TM (2012). Future climate surprises. In Henderson-Sellers A, McGuffie K (Eds.) Future climates of the world.
Lenton TM, Schellnhuber HJ (2011). Tipping Elements: Jokers in the Pack. In Richardson K, Steffen W, Liverman D (Eds.) Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges and Decisions, Cambridge University Press, 163-201.
Lenton TM, Williams HTP (2009). Gaia and Evolution. In Crist E, Rinker B (Eds.) Gaia in Turmoil, Boston: MIT Press, 61-84.
Lenton TM, Williams HTP (2009). Gaia and evolution. In Crist E, Rinker HB (Eds.) Gaia in turmoil, the MIT Press.
Lenton TM (2005). Hamilton and Gaia. In Ridley M (Ed) Narrow Roads of Gene Land - the Collected Papers of W. D. Hamilton. Volume 3 - Last Words, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 257-264.
Lenton TM (2004). Clarifying Gaia: Regulation with or without Natural Selection. In Schneider SH, Miller JR, Crist E, Boston PJ (Eds.) Scientists Debate Gaia: the Next Century, London: MIT Press, 15-25.
Lenton TM (2004). Gaia. In Steffen W, Jager J, Matson P, III BM, Oldfield F, Richardson K, Sanderson A, Schellnhuber J, II BLT, Tyson P (Eds.) Global Change and the Earth System: a Planet Under Pressure, Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
Lenton TM, Caldeira KG, Franck SA, Horneck G, Jolly A, Rabbow E, Schellnhuber HJ, Szathmáry E, Westall F, Zavarzin GA, et al (2003). Group Report: Long-term Geosphere-Biosphere Coevolution and Astrobiology. In Schellnhuber H, Crutzen PJ, Clark WC, Claussen M, Held H (Eds.) Earth System Analysis for Sustainability, Dahlem Workshop Report 91, Cambridge, MA: the MIT Press, 111-139.
Lenton TM (2003). The coupled evolution of life and atmospheric oxygen. In Rothschild L, Lister A (Eds.) Evolution on Planet Earth: the Impact of the Physical Environment, London: Academic Press, 35-53.
Lenton TM, Caldeira KG, Szathmáry E (2003). What does history teach us about the major transitions and the role of disturbances in the evolution of life and of the Earth system?. In Schellnhuber H, Crutzen PJ, Clark WC, Claussen M, Held H (Eds.) Earth System Analysis for Sustainability, Dahlem Workshop Report 91, Cambridge, MA: the MIT Press, 29-52.
Lenton TM (2002). Earth as a Self-Regulating System. In Chilek V (Ed) Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Oxford: UNESCO, Eolss Publishers. Author URL.
Lenton TM (2002). Gaia Hypothesis. In Holton JR, Pyle J, Curry JA (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, London: Academic Press, 815-820.
Lenton TM (2002). Gaia Hypothesis. In Goudie AS (Ed) Encyclopedia of Global Change, New York: Oxford University Press, 491-495.
Lenton T (2001). Introduction to the Gaia Theory. In Guerzoni S, Harding S, Lenton T, Lucchi FR (Eds.) Earth System Science, Siena: University of Siena, 9-29.
Lenton T (2001). Redfield Revisited: What Regulates the Nutrient Balance of the Ocean and the Oxygen Content of the Atmosphere?. In Guerzoni S, Harding S, Lenton T, Lucchi FR (Eds.) Earth System Science, Siena: University of Siena, 143-158.
Lenton TM, Betts RA (1998). From Daisyworld to GCMs: Using Models to Understand the Regulation of Climate. In Boutron C (Ed) ERCA - Volume 3 - from Urban Air Pollution to Extra-Solar Planets, Les Ulis, France: EDP Sciences, 145-167.

Conferences

Bercaw JE, Labinger JA, Tonks I, Winston MS, Klet RC, Lenton TN, Despagnet-Ayoub E (2013). New precatalysts for olefin polymerization having LX2 pincer ligands.  Author URL.
Mills B, Boyle R, Goldblatt C, Lenton T, Watson A (2010). What happened in the Neoproterozoic? Investigations using a simplified Earth system model.  Author URL.
Clark JR, Williams HTP, Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2009). Agent-based modelling of Archean biogeochemistry and the Great Oxidation.  Author URL.
Goldblatt C, Watson AJ, Lenton TM (2009). Bistability of Atmospheric Oxygen and the Great Oxidation: Implications for Life Detection.  Author URL.
Daines SJ, Lenton TM (2009). Oxygen oases and the Great Oxidation.  Author URL.
Thomas MA, Suntharalingam P, Rast S, Pozzoli L, Feichter H, Lenton T (2009). Quantifying DMS-cloud-climate interactions using the ECHAM5-HAMMOZ model.  Author URL.
Goldblatt C, Matthews AJ, Claire M, Lenton TM, Watson AJ, Zahnle KJ (2009). There was probably more nitrogen in the Archean atmosphere - This would have helped resolve the Faint Young Sun paradox.  Author URL.
Marinelli LW, Lipford KA, Lenton TN, Haines DR (2008). CHED 1290-Determining the reactive properties of GLP-1.  Author URL.
Lenton TN, Haines DR (2008). CHED 1315-Quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) study of the N-terminal histidine of GLP-1.  Author URL.
Lenton TM (2008). TIPPING POINTS OR GRADUAL CLIMATE CHANGE?.  Author URL.
Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2007). Artificial ecosystem selection for evolutionary optimisation.  Abstract.
Goldblatt C, Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2007). Bistability of atmospheric oxygen and the Great Oxidation.  Author URL.
Fairman MJ, Price AR, Xue G, Molinari M, Nicole DA, Lenton TM, Marsh R, Takeda K, Cox SJ (2007). Building scientific workflows for earth system modelling with windows workflow foundation.  Abstract.
Marinelli LW, Lenton TN, Lipford KA, Haines DR (2007). Structure-activity study of the N-terminal histidine of GLP-1.  Author URL.
Lenton TN, Vij A, Grabow W, Mabry JM, Haddad TS (2007). Structures of vinyl polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes (ViSiO1.5)n with n=8, 10, 12 and 14.  Author URL.
Price AR, Jiao Z, Voutchkov II, Lenton TM, Williams G, Lunt DJ, Marsh R, Valdes PJ, Cox SJ, Team GENIE, et al (2006). Collaborative study of GENIEfy earth system models using scripted database workflows in a grid-enabled PSE.  Author URL.
Huntingford C, Hargreaves JC, Lenton TM, Annan JD (2003). Extent of partial ice cover due to carbon cycle feedback in a zonal energy balance model.  Abstract.
Lenton T, Handoh I (2003). Quasi-periodic mid-Cretaceous Oceanic Anoxic Events linked by oscillations of the phosphorus and oxygen cycles. EGS-AGU-EUG Joint Assembly.
Lenton TM, Team TGENIE (2003). Spanning the spectrum of model complexity with a Grid ENabled Integrated Earth system model (GENIE). EGS-AGU-EUG Joint Assembly.
Lenton T (1999). Testing Gaia Theory with Artificial Life. 5th European Conference on Artificial Life.

Reports

Lenton TM, Footitt A, Dlugolecki A (2009). Major Tipping Points in the Earth’s Climate System and Consequences for the Insurance Sector., Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research.
Lenton TM, Livina VN (2008). Developing a long-term business-as-usual climate change scenario for engineers.
Lenton TM, Loutre MF, Williamson MS, Warren R, Goodess CM, Swann M, Cameron D, Hankin R, Marsh R, Shepherd JG, et al (2006). Climate change on the millennial timescale., Environment Agency.
Lenton TM, Williamson MS, Warren R, Loutre MF, Goodess CM, Swann M, Cameron D, Hankin R, Marsh R, Shepherd JG, et al (2006). Climate change on the millennial timescale. Norwich, Tyndall Centre.
Lenton TM, Huntingford C (2002). Earth system modelling: development and analysis of an efficient Earth system model. Edinburgh, CEH.
Lenton TM (1997). Geophysiological Modelling. Stockholm, IGBP.

Publications by year


In Press

Williams JJ, Mills BJW, Lenton TM (In Press). A tectonically driven Ediacaran oxygenation event. Nat Commun, 10(1). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Carnicer J, Domingo-Marimon C, Ninyerola M, Camarero JJ, Bastos A, López-Parages J, Blanquer L, Rodríguez-Fonseca B, Lenton TM, Dakos V, et al (In Press). Regime shifts of Mediterranean forest carbon uptake and reduced resilience driven by multidecadal ocean surface temperatures. Glob Chang Biol, 25(8), 2825-2840. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.

2019

Quinn C (2019). Delayed effects and critical transitions in climate models.  Abstract.  Full text.
Latour B, Lenton TM (2019). Extending the domain of freedom, or why gaia is so hard to understand. Critical Inquiry, 45(3), 659-680. Full text.
Mills BJW, Krause AJ, Scotese CR, Hill DJ, Shields GA, Lenton TM (2019). Modelling the long-term carbon cycle, atmospheric CO<inf>2</inf>, and Earth surface temperature from late Neoproterozoic to present day. Gondwana Research, 67, 172-186. Abstract.
Lewis K (2019). The role of climate science in understanding Climate Security.  Abstract.  Full text.

2018

Bathiany S, Scheffer M, van Nes EH, Williamson MS, Lenton TM (2018). Abrupt Climate Change in an Oscillating World. Sci Rep, 8(1). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Nicholson AE, Wilkinson DM, Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2018). Alternative mechanisms for Gaia. J Theor Biol, 457, 249-257. Abstract.  Author URL.
Bathiany S, Dakos V, Scheffer M, Lenton TM (2018). Climate models predict increasing temperature variability in poor countries. Sci Adv, 4(5). Abstract.  Author URL.
van de Velde S, Mills BJW, Meysman FJR, Lenton TM, Poulton SW (2018). Early Palaeozoic ocean anoxia and global warming driven by the evolution of shallow burrowing. Nat Commun, 9(1). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Lenton TM, Latour B (2018). Gaia 2.0 Could humans add some level of self-awareness to Earth's self-regulation?. Science, 361(6407), 1066-1068. Full text.
Nicholson AE, Wilkinson DM, Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2018). Gaian bottlenecks and planetary habitability maintained by evolving. model biospheres: the ExoGaia model. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Abstract.  Full text.
Harper AB, Powell T, Cox PM, House J, Huntingford C, Lenton TM, Sitch S, Burke E, Chadburn SE, Collins WJ, et al (2018). Land-use emissions play a critical role in land-based mitigation for Paris climate targets. Nat Commun, 9(1). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Lu W, Ridgwell A, Thomas E, Hardisty DS, Luo G, Algeo TJ, Saltzman MR, Gill BC, Shen Y, Ling HF, et al (2018). Late inception of a resiliently oxygenated upper ocean. Science, 361(6398), 174-177. Abstract.
McKay DIA, Lenton TM (2018). Reduced carbon cycle resilience across the Palaeocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. CLIMATE OF THE PAST, 14(10), 1515-1527. Author URL.  Full text.
Lenton TM, Daines SJ, Dyke JG, Nicholson AE, Wilkinson DM, Williams HTP (2018). Selection for Gaia across Multiple Scales. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 33(8), 633-645. Abstract.  Full text.
Krause AJ, Mills BJW, Zhang S, Planavsky NJ, Lenton TM, Poulton SW (2018). Stepwise oxygenation of the Paleozoic atmosphere. Nat Commun, 9(1). Abstract.  Author URL.
Quinn C, Sieber J, Heydt ASVD, Lenton TM (2018). The Mid-Pleistocene Transition induced by delayed feedback and. bistability. Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System Abstract.  Full text.
Lenton TM, Daines S (2018). The effects of marine eukaryote evolution on phosphorus, carbon and oxygen cycling across the Proterozoic–Phanerozoic transition. Emerging Topics in Life Sciences Full text.
Steffen W, Rockström J, Richardson K, Lenton TM, Folke C, Liverman D, Summerhayes CP, Barnosky AD, Cornell SE, Crucifix M, et al (2018). Trajectories of the Earth System in the Anthropocene. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115(33), 8252-8259. Abstract.  Full text.
Clarkson MO, Stirling CH, Jenkyns HC, Dickson AJ, Porcelli D, Moy CM, Von Strandmann PPAE, Cooke IR, Lenton TM (2018). Uranium isotope evidence for two episodes of deoxygenation during Oceanic Anoxic Event 2. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115(12), 2918-2923. Abstract.  Full text.

2017

Mander L, Dekker SC, Li M, Mio W, Punyasena S, Lenton TM (2017). A morphometric analysis of vegetation patterns in dryland ecosystems. Royal Society Open Science, 4(2). Abstract.  Full text.
Alexander P, Prestele R, Verburg PH, Arneth A, Baranzelli C, Batista e Silva F, Brown C, Butler A, Calvin K, Dendoncker N, et al (2017). Assessing uncertainties in land cover projections. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, 23(2), 767-781. Author URL.
Daines SJ, Mills BJW, Lenton TM (2017). Atmospheric oxygen regulation at low Proterozoic levels by incomplete oxidative weathering of sedimentary organic carbon. Nature Communications, 8 Abstract.  Full text.
Lenton TM, Daines SJ (2017). Biogeochemical Transformations in the History of the Ocean. Annual Review of Marine Science, 9(1), 31-58. Abstract.  Full text.
Lenton TM, Daines S, Mills B (2017). COPSE reloaded: an improved model of biogeochemical cycling over Phanerozoic time. Earth-Science Reviews Full text.
Baker SJ, Hesselbo SP, Lenton TM, Duarte LV, Belcher CM (2017). Charcoal evidence that rising atmospheric oxygen terminated Early Jurassic ocean anoxia. Nature Communications Full text.
Williamson MS, collins M, drijfhout S, kahana R, mecking J, lenton TM (2017). Effect of AMOC collapse on ENSO in a high resolution general circulation model. Climate Dynamics Full text.
Mills BJW, Scotese CR, Walding NG, Shields GA, Lenton TM (2017). Elevated CO<inf>2</inf> degassing rates prevented the return of Snowball Earth during the Phanerozoic. Nature Communications, 8(1). Abstract.  Full text.
Lenton TM, Pogge von Strandmann PAE, Desrochers A, Murphy MJ, Finlay AJ, Selby D (2017). Global climate stabilisation by chemical weathering during the Hirnantian glaciation. Geochemical Perspectives Full text.
Lenton TM, Daines SJ (2017). Matworld - the biogeochemical effects of early life on land. New Phytol, 215(2), 531-537. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Nicholson AE, Wilkinson DM, Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2017). Multiple states of environmental regulation in well-mixed model biospheres. J Theor Biol, 414, 17-34. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Lenton TM, Dakos V, Bathiany S, Scheffer M (2017). Observed trends in the magnitude and persistence of monthly temperature variability. Scientific Reports, 7(1). Abstract.  Full text.
Watson AJ, Lenton TM, Mills BJW (2017). Ocean deoxygenation, the global phosphorus cycle and the possibility of human-caused large-scale ocean anoxia. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 375(2102). Abstract.  Full text.
Boysen LR, Lucht W, Gerten D, Heck V, Lenton TM, Schellnhuber HJ (2017). The limits to global-warming mitigation by terrestrial carbon removal. Earth's Future, 5(5), 463-474. Abstract.  Full text.

2016

Dale AW, Boyle RA, Lenton TM, Ingall ED, Wallmann K (2016). A model for microbial phosphorus cycling in bioturbated marine sediments: Significance for phosphorus burial in the early Paleozoic. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 189, 251-268. Abstract.  Full text.
Mills BJW, Belcher CM, Lenton TM, Newton RJ (2016). A modeling case for high atmospheric oxygen concentrations during the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. Geology, 44(12), 1023-1026. Abstract.
Mock T, Daines SJ, Geider R, Collins S, Metodiev M, Millar AJ, Moulton V, Lenton TM (2016). Bridging the gap between omics and earth system science to better understand how environmental change impacts marine microbes. Glob Chang Biol, 22(1), 61-75. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM, Dahl TW, Daines SJ, Mills BJW, Ozaki K, Saltzman MR, Porada P (2016). Earliest land plants created modern levels of atmospheric oxygen. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113(35), 9704-9709. Abstract.  Full text.
Williamson MS, Bathiany S, M Lenton T (2016). Early warning signals of tipping points in periodically forced systems. Earth System Dynamics, 7(2), 313-326. Abstract.  Full text.
Porada P, Lenton TM, Pohl A, Weber B, Mander L, Donnadieu Y, Beer C, Pöschl U, Kleidon A (2016). High potential for weathering and climate effects of non-vascular vegetation in the Late Ordovician. Nature Communications, 7 Abstract.  Full text.
Clark JR, Cole M, Lindeque PK, Fileman E, Blackford J, Lewis C, Lenton TM, Galloway TS (2016). Marine microplastic debris: a targeted plan for understanding and quantifying interactions with marine life. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 14, 317-324. Full text.
Lenton TM, Pichler PP, Weisz H (2016). Revolutions in energy input and material cycling in Earth history and human history. Earth System Dynamics, 7(2), 353-370. Abstract.  Full text.
Lenton TM, Pichler PP, Weisz H (2016). Revolutions in energy input and material cycling in Earth history and human history. Earth System Dynamics Discussions, 1-30. Full text.
Cai Y, Lenton TM, Lontzek TS (2016). Risk of multiple interacting tipping points should encourage rapid CO2 emission reduction. Nature Climate Change Full text.
Bathiany S, Van Der Bolt B, Williamson MS, Lenton TM, Scheffer M, Van Nes EH, Notz D (2016). Statistical indicators of Arctic sea-ice stability-prospects and limitations. Cryosphere, 10(4), 1631-1645. Abstract.  Full text.
Daines SJ, Lenton TM (2016). The effect of widespread early aerobic marine ecosystems on methane cycling and the Great Oxidation. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 434, 42-51. Abstract.  Full text.
Bathiany S, Bolt BVD, Williamson MS, Lenton TM, Scheffer M, Nes EV, Notz D (2016). Trends in sea-ice variability on the way to an ice-free Arctic. The Cryosphere Abstract.  Full text.

2015

Lomax G, Lenton TM, Adeosun A, Workman M (2015). COMMENTARY: Investing in negative emissions. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE, 5(6), 498-500. Author URL.
Sillmann J, Lenton TM, Levermann A, Ott K, Hulme M, Benduhn F, Horton JB (2015). COMMENTARY: No emergency argument for climate engineering. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE, 5(4), 290-292. Author URL.
Van Nes EH, Scheffer M, Brovkin V, Lenton TM, Ye H, Deyle E, Sugihara G (2015). Causal feedbacks in climate change. Nature Climate Change, 5(5), 445-448. Abstract.
Sillmann J, Lenton TM, Levermann A, Ott K, Hulme M, Benduhn F, Horton JB (2015). Climate emergencies do not justify engineering the climate. Nature Climate Change, 5(4), 290-292. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Livina VN (2015). Detecting and Anticipating Climate Tipping Points. In  (Ed) Extreme Events: Observations, Modeling, and Economics, 51-62.  Abstract.
Williamson MS, Lenton TM (2015). Detection of bifurcations in noisy coupled systems from multiple time series. Chaos, 25(3). Abstract.  Full text.
Thomas ZA, Kwasniok F, Boulton CA, Cox PM, Jones RT, Lenton TM, Turney CSM (2015). Early warnings and missed alarms for abrupt monsoon transitions. Climate of the Past, 11(12), 1621-1633. Abstract.  Full text.
Cai Y, Judd KL, Lenton TM, Lontzek TS, Narita D (2015). Environmental tipping points significantly affect the cost-benefit assessment of climate policies. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 112(15), 4606-4611. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lomax G, Lenton TM, Adeosun A, Workman M (2015). Investing in negative emissions. Nature Climate Change, 5(6), 498-500.
Lewis KH, Lenton TM (2015). Knowledge problems in climate change and security research. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change Abstract.
Lewis KH, Lenton TM (2015). Knowledge problems in climate change and security research. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 6(4), 383-399. Abstract.
Clarkson MO, Kasemann SA, Wood RA, Lenton TM, Daines SJ, Richoz S, Ohnemueller F, Meixner A, Poulton SW, Tipper ET, et al (2015). Ocean acidification and the Permo-Triassic mass extinction. Science, 348(6231), 229-232. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Lomax G, Workman M, Lenton T, Shah N (2015). Reframing the policy approach to greenhouse gas removal technologies. ENERGY POLICY, 78, 125-136. Author URL.
Boulton CA, Lenton TM (2015). Slowing down of North Pacific climate variability and its implications for abrupt ecosystem change. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 112(37), 11496-11501. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Lontzek TS, Cai Y, Judd KL, Lenton TM (2015). Stochastic integrated assessment of climate tipping points indicates the need for strict climate policy. Nature Climate Change, 5(5), 441-444. Abstract.  Full text.
Colbourn G, Ridgwell A, Lenton TM (2015). The time scale of the silicate weathering negative feedback on atmospheric CO&lt;inf&gt;2&lt;/inf&gt;. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29(5), 583-596. Abstract.
Colbourn G, Ridgwell A, Lenton TM (2015). The time scale of the silicate weathering negative feedback on atmospheric CO&lt;inf&gt;2&lt;/inf&gt;. Global Biogeochemical Cycles Abstract.

2014

Lenton T (2014). A Rough Ride to the Future: the Next Evolution of Gaia. NATURE, 508(7494), 41-42. Author URL.
Barrett S, Lenton TM, Millner A, Tavoni A, Carpenter S, Anderies JM, III CFS, Crepin A-S, Daily G, Ehrlich P, et al (2014). COMMENTARY: Climate engineering reconsidered. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE, 4(7), 527-529. Author URL.
Mills B, Daines SJ, Lenton TM (2014). Changing tectonic controls on the long-term carbon cycle from Mesozoic to present. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems Abstract.
Mills B, Daines SJ, Lenton TM (2014). Changing tectonic controls on the long-term carbon cycle from Mesozoic to present. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 15(12), 4866-4884. Abstract.
Barrett S, Lenton TM, Millner A, Tavoni A, Carpenter S, Anderies JM, Chapin FS, Crépin AS, Daily G, Ehrlich P, et al (2014). Climate engineering reconsidered. Nature Climate Change, 4(7), 527-529.
Lenton TM, Boyle RA, Poulton SW, Shields-Zhou GA, Butterfield NJ (2014). Co-evolution of eukaryotes and ocean oxygenation in the Neoproterozoic era. Nature Geoscience, 7(4), 257-265. Abstract.  Full text.
Boulton CA, Allison LC, Lenton TM (2014). Early warning signals of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation collapse in a fully coupled climate model. Nat Commun, 5 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Lenton TM (2014). Game theory: Tipping climate cooperation. Nature Climate Change, 4(1), 14-15.
Daines SJ, Clark JR, Lenton TM (2014). Multiple environmental controls on phytoplankton growth strategies determine adaptive responses of the N:P ratio. Ecology Letters, 17(4), 414-425. Abstract.
Daines SJ, Clark JR, Lenton TM (2014). Multiple environmental controls on phytoplankton growth strategies determine adaptive responses of the N : P ratio. Ecol Lett, 17(4), 414-425. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mills B, Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2014). Proterozoic oxygen rise linked to shifting balance between seafloor and terrestrial weathering. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 111(25), 9073-9078. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Boucher O, Forster PM, Gruber N, Ha-Duong M, Lawrence MG, Lenton TM, Maas A, Vaughan NE (2014). Rethinking climate engineering categorization in the context of climate change mitigation and adaptation. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 5(1), 23-35. Abstract.
Dearing JA, Wang R, Zhang K, Dyke JG, Haberl H, Hossain MS, Langdon PG, Lenton TM, Raworth K, Brown S, et al (2014). Safe and just operating spaces for regional social-ecological systems. GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE-HUMAN AND POLICY DIMENSIONS, 28, 227-238. Author URL.
Boyle RA, Dahl TW, Dale AW, Shields-Zhou GA, Zhu M, Brasier MD, Canfield DE, Lenton TM (2014). Stabilization of the coupled oxygen and phosphorus cycles by the evolution of bioturbation. Nature Geoscience, 7(9), 671-676. Abstract.  Full text.
Lenton T (2014). The Meaning of Human Existence. NATURE, 513(7518), 310-311. Author URL.
Lenton TM (2014). The global potential for carbon dioxide removal. Issues in Environmental Science and Technology, 2014-January(38), 52-79. Abstract.
Dahl TW, Boyle RA, Canfield DE, Connelly JN, Gill BC, Lenton TM, Bizzarro M (2014). Uranium isotopes distinguish two geochemically distinct stages during the later Cambrian SPICE event. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 401, 313-326. Abstract.

2013

Bellamy R, Chilvers J, Vaughan NE, Lenton TM (2013). 'Opening up' geoengineering appraisal: Multi-Criteria Mapping of options for tackling climate change. Global Environmental Change
Bellamy R, Chilvers J, Vaughan NE, Lenton TM (2013). 'Opening up' geoengineering appraisal: Multi-Criteria Mapping of options for tackling climate change. Global Environmental Change, 23(5), 926-937. Abstract.
Livina VN, Lenton TM (2013). A recent tipping point in the Arctic sea-ice cover: abrupt and. persistent increase in the seasonal cycle since 2007. The Cryosphere Abstract.
Rockström J, Steffen W, Noone K, Persson A, Chapin FS, Lambin EF, Lenton TM, Scheffer M, Folke C, Joachim H, et al (2013). A safe operating space for humanity. , 491-501.
Boulton CA, Good P, Lenton TM (2013). Early warning signals of simulated Amazon rainforest dieback. Theoretical Ecology, 6(3), 373-384. Abstract.  Full text.
Lenton T (2013). Earthmasters: the dawn of the age of climate engineering. GEOGRAPHY, 98, 160-161. Author URL.
Clark JR, Lenton TM, Williams HTP, Daines SJ (2013). Environmental selection and resource allocation determine spatial patterns in picophytoplankton cell size. Limnology and Oceanography, 58(3), 1008-1022. Abstract.
Lenton TM (2013). Environmental tipping points. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 38, 1-29. Abstract.
Lenton TM (2013). Fire Feedbacks on Atmospheric Oxygen. , 289-308. Abstract.
Livina VN, Lohmann G, Mudelsee M, Lenton TM (2013). Forecasting the underlying potential governing the time series of a dynamical system. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 392(18), 3891-3902. Abstract.  Full text.
Lenton TN, Bercaw JE, Panchenko VN, Zakharov VA, Babushkin DE, Soshnikov IE, Talsi EP, Brintzinger HH (2013). Formation of Trivalent Zirconocene Complexes from ansa-Zirconocene-Based Olefin-Polymerization Precatalysts: an EPR- and NMR-Spectroscopic Study. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 135(29), 10710-10719. Author URL.
Hoogakker BAA, Downy F, Andersson MA, Chapman MR, Elderfield H, McCave IN, Lenton TM, Grützner J (2013). Gulf Stream - subtropical gyre properties across two Dansgaard-Oeschger cycles. Quaternary Science Reviews, 81, 105-113. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Ciscar JC (2013). Integrating tipping points into climate impact assessments. Climatic Change, 117(3), 585-597. Abstract.
Bercaw JE, Labinger JA, Tonks I, Winston MS, Klet RC, Lenton TN, Despagnet-Ayoub E (2013). New precatalysts for olefin polymerization having LX2 pincer ligands.  Author URL.
Boyle RA, Clark JR, Poulton SW, Shields-Zhou G, Canfield DE, Lenton TM (2013). Nitrogen cycle feedbacks as a control on euxinia in the mid-Proterozoic ocean. Nat Commun, 4 Abstract.  Author URL.
Huntingford C, Jones PD, Livina VN, Lenton TM, Cox PM (2013). No increase in global temperature variability despite changing regional patterns. Nature, 500(7462), 327-330. Abstract.
Huntingford C, Jones PD, Livina VN, Lenton TM, Cox PM (2013). No increase in global temperature variability despite changing regional patterns. Nature, 500(7462), 327-330. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM, Williams HTP (2013). On the origin of planetary-scale tipping points. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 28(7), 380-382. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Williams HTP (2013). On the origin of planetary-scale tipping points. Trends Ecol Evol, 28(7), 380-382. Abstract.  Author URL.
Moore CM, Mills MM, Arrigo KR, Berman-Frank I, Bopp L, Boyd PW, Galbraith ED, Geider RJ, Guieu C, Jaccard SL, et al (2013). Processes and patterns of oceanic nutrient limitation. Nature Geoscience, 6(9), 701-710. Abstract.
Powell TWR, Lenton TM (2013). Scenarios for future biodiversity loss due to multiple drivers reveal conflict between mitigating climate change and preserving biodiversity. Environmental Research Letters, 8(2). Abstract.
Colbourn G, Ridgwell A, Lenton TM (2013). The Rock Geochemical Model (RokGeM) v0.9. Geoscientific Model Development, 6(5), 1543-1573. Abstract.
Toseland A, Daines SJ, Clark JR, Kirkham A, Strauss J, Uhlig C, Lenton TM, Valentin K, Pearson GA, Moulton V, et al (2013). The impact of temperature on marine phytoplankton resource allocation and metabolism. Nature Climate Change

2012

Bellamy R, Chilvers J, Vaughan NE, Lenton TM (2012). A review of climate geoengineering appraisals. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 3(6), 597-615. Abstract.
Duarte CM, Lenton TM, Wadhams P, Wassmann P (2012). Abrupt climate change in the Arctic. Nature Climate Change, 2(2), 60-62.
Livina VN, Ditlevsen PD, Lenton TM (2012). An independent test of methods of detecting system states and bifurcations in time-series data. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 391(3), 485-496. Abstract.
Scheffer M, Carpenter SR, Lenton TM, Bascompte J, Brock W, Dakos V, van de Koppel J, van de Leemput IA, Levin SA, van Nes EH, et al (2012). Anticipating critical transitions. Science, 338(6105), 344-348. Abstract.  Author URL.
Wadhams P (2012). Arctic Ice Cover, Ice Thickness and Tipping Points. AMBIO, 41(1), 23-33. Author URL.
Lenton TM (2012). Arctic climate tipping points. Ambio, 41(1), 10-22. Abstract.  Author URL.
Wassmann P, Lenton TM (2012). Arctic tipping points in an Earth System perspective. Ambio, 41(1), 1-9. Abstract.
Wassmann P, Lenton TM (2012). Arctic tipping points in an Earth system perspective. Ambio, 41(1), 1-9. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM, Livina VN, Dakos V, Scheffer M (2012). Climate bifurcation during the last deglaciation?. Climate of the Past, 8(4), 1127-1139. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Livina VN, Dakos V, van Nes EH, Scheffer M (2012). Early warning of climate tipping points from critical slowing down: comparing methods to improve robustness. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 370(1962), 1185-1204. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM, Crouch M, Johnson M, Pires N, Dolan L (2012). First plants cooled the Ordovician. NATURE GEOSCIENCE, 5(2), 86-89. Author URL.
Lenton TM, Crouch M, Johnson M, Pires N, Dolan L (2012). First plants cooled the Ordovician. Nature Geoscience, 5(2), 86-89.
Powell TWR, Lenton TM (2012). Future carbon dioxide removal via biomass energy constrained by agricultural efficiency and dietary trends. Energy and Environmental Science, 5(8), 8116-8133. Abstract.
Lenton TM (2012). Future climate surprises. In Henderson-Sellers A, McGuffie K (Eds.) Future climates of the world.
Lenton TM, Ciscar J-C (2012). Integrating tipping points into climate impact assessments. Climatic Change, 1-13.
Vaughan NE, Lenton TM (2012). Interactions between reducing CO2 emissions, CO2 removal and solar radiation management. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 370(1974), 4343-4364. Abstract.  Author URL.
Boyle RA, Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2012). Natural selection for costly nutrient recycling in simulated microbial metacommunities. J Theor Biol, 312, 1-12. Abstract.  Author URL.
Levermann A, Bamber JL, Drijfhout S, Ganopolski A, Haeberli W, Harris NRP, Huss M, Krueger K, Lenton TM, Lindsay RW, et al (2012). Potential climatic transitions with profound impact on Europe Review of the current state of six 'tipping elements of the climate system'. CLIMATIC CHANGE, 110(3-4), 845-878. Author URL.
Lenton TN, VanderVelde DG, Bercaw JE (2012). Synthesis of a Bis(thiophenolate)pyridine Ligand and its Titanium, Zirconium, and Tantalum Complexes. ORGANOMETALLICS, 31(21), 7492-7499. Author URL.
Van Der Giezen M, Lenton TM (2012). The rise of oxygen and complex life. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 59(2), 111-113. Abstract.
Van Der Giezen M, Lenton TM (2012). The rise of oxygen and complex life. J Eukaryot Microbiol, 59(2), 111-113. Abstract.  Author URL.
Duarte CM, Agusti S, Wassmann P, Arrieta JM, Alcaraz M, Coello A, Marba N, Hendriks IE, Holding J, Garcia-Zarandona I, et al (2012). Tipping Elements in the Arctic Marine Ecosystem. AMBIO, 41(1), 44-55. Author URL.
Mills BJW (2012). Weathering pathways and limitations in biogeochemical models: Application to Earth system evolution.  Full text.
Lenton TM (2012). What early warning systems are there for environmental shocks?. Environmental Science and Policy Abstract.

2011

Lenton T (2011). 2 degrees C or not 2 degrees C? That is the climate question. NATURE, 473(7345), 7-7. Author URL.
Lenton TM (2011). 2 °C or not 2 °C? That is the climate question. Nature, 473
Vaughan NE, Lenton TM (2011). A review of climate geoengineering proposals. Climatic Change, 109(3-4), 745-790. Abstract.
Lenton TM (2011). Beyond 2°C: Redefining dangerous climate change for physical systems. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 2(3), 451-461.
Livina VN, Kwasniok F, Lohmann G, Kantelhardt JW, Lenton TM (2011). Changing climate states and stability: from Pliocene to present. Climate Dynamics, 37, 2437-2453.
Lenton TM (2011). Early warning of climate tipping points. Nature Climate Change, 1, 201-209.
Clark JR, Daines S, Lenton TM, Watson AJ, Williams HTP (2011). Individual-based modelling of adaptation in marine microbial populations using genetically defined physiological parameters. Ecological Modelling
Thomas MA, Suntharalingam P, Pozzoli L, Devasthale A, Kloster S, Rast S, Feichter J, Lenton TM (2011). Non-linearity in DMS aerosol-cloud-climate interactions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 11(5), 15227-15253.
Goodwin P, Oliver KIC, Lenton TM (2011). Observational constraints on the causes of Holocene CO <inf>2</inf> change. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 25(3). Abstract.
Thomas MA, Suntharalingam P, Pozzoli L, Devasthale A, Kloster S, Rast S, Feichter J, Lenton TM (2011). Rate of non-linearity in DMS aerosol-cloud-climate interactions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(21), 11175-11183. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2011). Revolutions that made the Earth. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Boyle RA, Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2011). Symbiotic physiology promotes homeostasis in Daisyworld. J Theor Biol, 274(1), 170-182. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mills B, Watson AJ, Goldblatt C, Boyle R, Lenton TM (2011). Timing of Neoproterozoic glaciations linked to transport-limited global weathering. Nature Geoscience, 4(12), 861-864. Abstract.  Full text.
Lenton TM, Schellnhuber HJ (2011). Tipping Elements: Jokers in the Pack. In Richardson K, Steffen W, Liverman D (Eds.) Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges and Decisions, Cambridge University Press, 163-201.

2010

Holden PB, Edwards NR, Oliver KIC, Lenton TM, Wilkinson RD (2010). A probabilistic calibration of climate sensitivity and terrestrial carbon change in GENIE-1. Climate Dynamics, 35(5), 785-806. Abstract.
Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2010). Evolutionary regime shifts in simulated ecosystems. Oikos, 119(12), 1887-1899. Abstract.
Livina V, Kwasniok F, Lenton T (2010). Potential analysis reveals changing number of climate states during the last 60 kyr. Climate of the Past, 6, 77-82.
Thomas MA, Suntharalingam P, Pozzoli L, Rast S, Devasthale A, Kloster S, Feichter J, Lenton TM (2010). Quantification of DMS aerosol-cloud-climate interactions using ECHAM5-HAMMOZ model in current climate scenario. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 10(2), 3087-3187.
Thomas MA, Suntharalingam P, Pozzoli L, Rast S, Devasthale A, Kloster S, Feichter J, Lenton TM (2010). Quantification of DMS aerosol-cloud-climate interactions using the ECHAM5-HAMMOZ model in a current climate scenario. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10(15), 7425-7438. Abstract.
Lenton TM (2010). The potential for land-based biological CO2 removal to lower future atmospheric CO2 concentration. Carbon Management, 1(1), 145-160.
Mills B, Boyle R, Goldblatt C, Lenton T, Watson A (2010). What happened in the Neoproterozoic? Investigations using a simplified Earth system model.  Author URL.

2009

Rockström J, Steffen W, Noone K, Persson A, Chapin FS, Lambin EF, Lenton TM, Scheffer M, Folke C, Schellnhuber HJ, et al (2009). A safe operating space for humanity. Nature, 461(7263), 472-475. Author URL.
Clark JR, Williams HTP, Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2009). Agent-based modelling of Archean biogeochemistry and the Great Oxidation.  Author URL.
Goldblatt C, Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2009). An evaluation of the long-wave radiative transfer code used in the Met Office Unified Model. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 135(640), 619-633. Abstract.
Goldblatt C, Watson AJ, Lenton TM (2009). Bistability of Atmospheric Oxygen and the Great Oxidation: Implications for Life Detection.  Author URL.
Vaughan NE, Lenton TM, Shepherd JG (2009). Climate change mitigation: Trade-offs between delay and strength of action required. Climatic Change, 96(1), 29-43. Abstract.
Vaughan NE, Lenton TM, Shepherd JG (2009). Climate change mitigation: trade-offs between delay and strength of action required. CLIMATIC CHANGE, 96(1-2), 29-43. Author URL.
Fairman MJ, Price AR, Xue G, Molinari M, Nicole DA, Lenton TM, Marsh R, Takeda K, Cox SJ (2009). Earth system modelling with Windows Workflow Foundation. Future Generation Computer Systems, 25(5), 586-597. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Williams HTP (2009). Gaia and Evolution. In Crist E, Rinker B (Eds.) Gaia in Turmoil, Boston: MIT Press, 61-84.
Lenton TM, Williams HTP (2009). Gaia and evolution. In Crist E, Rinker HB (Eds.) Gaia in turmoil, the MIT Press.
Lenton TM, Footitt A, Dlugolecki A (2009). Major Tipping Points in the Earth’s Climate System and Consequences for the Insurance Sector., Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research.
Goldblatt C, Claire MW, Lenton TM, Matthews AJ, Watson AJ, Zahnle KJ (2009). Nitrogen-enhanced greenhouse warming on earlyEarth. Nature Geoscience, 2(12), 891-896. Abstract.
Daines SJ, Lenton TM (2009). Oxygen oases and the Great Oxidation.  Author URL.
Rockström J, Steffen W, Noone K, Persson A, Chapin FS, Lambin E, Lenton TM, Scheffer M, Folke C, Schellnhuber HJ, et al (2009). Planetary boundaries: Exploring the safe operating space for humanity. Ecology and Society, 14(2). Abstract.
Livina VN, Kwasniok F, Lenton TM (2009). Potential analysis reveals changing number of climate states during the last 60 kyr. Climate of the Past Discussions, 5(5), 2223-2237.
Thomas MA, Suntharalingam P, Rast S, Pozzoli L, Feichter H, Lenton T (2009). Quantifying DMS-cloud-climate interactions using the ECHAM5-HAMMOZ model.  Author URL.
Goodwin P, Lenton TM (2009). Quantifying the feedback between ocean heating and CO&lt;inf&gt;2&lt;/inf&gt; solubility as an equivalent carbon emission. Geophysical Research Letters, 36(15). Abstract.
Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2009). Rebels with a cause. NERC Planet Earth(Winter 2009).
Miles CJ, Bell TG, Lenton TM (2009). Testing the relationship between the solar radiation dose and surface DMS concentrations using in situ data. Biogeosciences, 6(9), 1927-1934. Abstract.
Veron JEN, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Lenton TM, Lough JM, Obura DO, Pearce-Kelly P, Sheppard CRC, Spalding M, Stafford-Smith MG, Rogers AD, et al (2009). The coral reef crisis: the critical importance of<350 ppm CO2. Mar Pollut Bull, 58(10), 1428-1436. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM, Vaughan NE (2009). The radiative forcing potential of different climate geoengineering options. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9(15), 5539-5561. Abstract.
Goldblatt C, Matthews AJ, Claire M, Lenton TM, Watson AJ, Zahnle KJ (2009). There was probably more nitrogen in the Archean atmosphere - This would have helped resolve the Faint Young Sun paradox.  Author URL.
Lenton TM, Myerscough RJ, Marsh R, Livina VN, Price AR, Cox SJ, Genie Team (2009). Using GENIE to study a tipping point in the climate system. Philos Trans a Math Phys Eng Sci, 367(1890), 871-884. Abstract.  Author URL.

2008

Livina VN, Edwards NR, Goswami S, Lenton TM (2008). A wavelet-coefficient score for comparison of two-dimensional climatic-data fields. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 134(633), 941-955. Author URL.
Marinelli LW, Lipford KA, Lenton TN, Haines DR (2008). CHED 1290-Determining the reactive properties of GLP-1.  Author URL.
Lenton TN, Haines DR (2008). CHED 1315-Quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) study of the N-terminal histidine of GLP-1.  Author URL.
Wood AJ, Ackland GJ, Dyke JG, Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2008). Daisyworld: a review. Reviews of Geophysics, 46(1). Abstract.
Lenton TM, Livina VN (2008). Developing a long-term business-as-usual climate change scenario for engineers.
Lenton T (2008). Engines of life - Review of 'Energy in Nature and Society' by Vaclav Smil. Nature, 452, 691-692.
Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2008). Environmental regulation in a network of simulated microbial ecosystems. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 105(30), 10432-10437. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM (2008). TIPPING POINTS OR GRADUAL CLIMATE CHANGE?.  Author URL.
Lenton TM, Held H, Kriegler E, Hall JW, Lucht W, Rahmstorf S, Schellnhuber HJ (2008). Tipping elements in the Earth's climate system. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 105(6), 1786-1793. Abstract.  Author URL.
Johnson MT, Vaughan NE, Goodwin P, Goldblatt C, Roudesli S, Lenton TM (2008). Why NH<inf>3</inf> is not a candidate reagent for ambient CO<inf>2</inf> fixation: a response to "alternative solution to global warming arising from CO<inf>2</inf> Emissions - Partial neutralization of tropospheric H <inf>2</inf>CO<inf>3</inf> with NH<inf>3</inf>". Environmental Progress, 27(3), 412-417. Abstract.

2007

Livina VN, Lenton TM (2007). A modified method for detecting incipient bifurcations in a dynamical system. Geophysical Research Letters, 34(3). Abstract.
Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2007). Artificial ecosystem selection for evolutionary optimisation.  Abstract.
Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2007). Artificial selection of simulated microbial ecosystems. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 104(21), 8918-8923. Abstract.  Author URL.
Ridgwell A, Zondervan I, Hargreaves JC, Bijma J, Lenton TM (2007). Assessing the potential long-term increase of oceanic fossil fuel CO <inf>2</inf> uptake due to CO<inf>2</inf>-calcification feedback. Biogeosciences, 4(4), 481-492. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Klausmeier CA (2007). Biotic stoichiometric controls on the deep ocean N:P ratio. Biogeosciences Discussions, 4(1), 417-454.
Lenton TM, Klausmeier CA (2007). Biotic stoichiometric controls on the deep ocean N:P ratio. Biogeosciences, 4(3), 353-367. Abstract.
Goldblatt C, Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2007). Bistability of atmospheric oxygen and the Great Oxidation.  Author URL.
Goldblatt C, Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2007). Bistability of atmospheric oxygen and the great oxidation: Implications for life detection. ASTROBIOLOGY, 7(3), 483-483. Author URL.
Fairman MJ, Price AR, Xue G, Molinari M, Nicole DA, Lenton TM, Marsh R, Takeda K, Cox SJ (2007). Building scientific workflows for earth system modelling with windows workflow foundation.  Abstract.
Lenton TM, Marsh R, Price AR, Lunt DJ, Aksenov Y, Annan JD, Cooper-Chadwick T, Cox SJ, Edwards NR, Goswami S, et al (2007). Effects of atmospheric dynamics and ocean resolution on bi-stability of the thermohaline circulation examined using the Grid ENabled Integrated Earth system modelling (GENIE) framework. Climate Dynamics, 29(6), 591-613. Abstract.
Ridgwell A, Hargreaves JC, Edwards NR, Annan JD, Lenton TM, Marsh R, Yool A, Watson A (2007). Marine geochemical data assimilation in an efficient Earth system model of global biogeochemical cycling. Biogeosciences, 4(1), 87-104. Abstract.
Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2007). Microbial Gaia: a new model for the evolution of environmental regulation. Gaia Circular
Boyle RA, Lenton TM, Williams HTP (2007). Neoproterozoic 'snowball Earth' glaciations and the evolution of altruism. Geobiology, 5(4), 337-349. Abstract.
Price AR, Xue G, Yool A, Lunt DJ, Valdes PJ, Lenton TM, Wason JL, Pound GE, Cox SJ (2007). Optimization of integrated Earth System Model components using Grid-enabled data management and computation. Concurrency Computation Practice and Experience, 19(2), 153-165. Abstract.
Marinelli LW, Lenton TN, Lipford KA, Haines DR (2007). Structure-activity study of the N-terminal histidine of GLP-1.  Author URL.
Lenton TN, Vij A, Grabow W, Mabry JM, Haddad TS (2007). Structures of vinyl polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes (ViSiO1.5)n with n=8, 10, 12 and 14.  Author URL.
Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2007). The Flask model: Emergence of nutrient-recycling microbial ecosystems and their disruption by environment-altering 'rebel' organisms. Oikos, 116(7), 1087-1105. Abstract.

2006

Williamson MS, Lenton TM, Shepherd JG, Edwards NR (2006). An efficient numerical terrestrial scheme (ENTS) for Earth system modelling. Ecological Modelling, 198(3-4), 362-374. Abstract.
Goldblatt C, Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2006). Bistability of atmospheric oxygen and the Great Oxidation. Nature, 443(7112), 683-686. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM, Loutre MF, Williamson MS, Warren R, Goodess CM, Swann M, Cameron D, Hankin R, Marsh R, Shepherd JG, et al (2006). Climate change on the millennial timescale., Environment Agency.
Lenton TM, Williamson MS, Warren R, Loutre MF, Goodess CM, Swann M, Cameron D, Hankin R, Marsh R, Shepherd JG, et al (2006). Climate change on the millennial timescale. Norwich, Tyndall Centre.
Lenton TM (2006). Climate change to the end of the millennium: an editorial review essay. Climatic Change, 76(1-2), 7-29. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Klausmeier CA (2006). Co-evolution of phytoplankton C:N:P stoichiometry and the deep ocean N:P ratio. Biogeosciences Discussions, 3(4), 1023-1047.
Price AR, Jiao Z, Voutchkov II, Lenton TM, Williams G, Lunt DJ, Marsh R, Valdes PJ, Cox SJ, Team GENIE, et al (2006). Collaborative study of GENIEfy earth system models using scripted database workflows in a grid-enabled PSE.  Author URL.
Lunt DJ, Williamson MS, Valdes PJ, Lenton TM (2006). Comparing transient, accelerated, and equilibrium simulations of the last 30 000 years with the GENIE-1 model. Climate of the Past Discussions, 2(3), 267-283.
Lunt DJ, Williamson MS, Valdes PJ, Lenton TM, Marsh R (2006). Comparing transient, accelerated, and equilibrium simulations of the last 30 000 years with the GENIE-1 model. Climate of the Past, 2(2), 221-235. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Britton C (2006). Enhanced carbonate and silicate weathering accelerates recovery from fossil fuel CO2 perturbations. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 20(3). Abstract.
Boyle RA, Lenton TM (2006). Fluctuation in the physical environment as a mechanism for reinforcing evolutionary transitions. J Theor Biol, 242(4), 832-843. Abstract.  Author URL.
Ridgwell A, Hargreaves JC, Edwards NR, Annan JD, Lenton TM, Marsh R, Yool A, Watson A (2006). Marine geochemical data assimilation in an efficient Earth system model of global biogeochemical cycling. Biogeosciences Discussions, 3(4), 1313-1354.
Lenton TM, Williamson MS, Edwards NR, Marsh R, Price AR, Ridgwell AJ, Shepherd JG, Cox SJ (2006). Millennial timescale carbon cycle and climate change in an efficient Earth system model. Climate Dynamics, 26(7-8), 687-711. Abstract.
Marsh R, Smith MPLM, Rohling EJ, Lunt DJ, Lenton TM, Williamson MS, Yool A (2006). Modelling ocean circulation, climate and oxygen isotopes in the ocean over the last 120000 years. Climate of the Past Discussions, 2(5), 657-709.
Price AR, Voutchkov II, Pound GE, Edwards NR, Lenton TM, Cox SJ (2006). Multiobjective tuning of Grid-enabled earth system models using a Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA-II). e-Science 2006 - Second IEEE International Conference on e-Science and Grid Computing Abstract.
Wood AJ, Ackland GJ, Lenton TM (2006). Mutation of albedo and growth response produces oscillations in a spatial Daisyworld. J Theor Biol, 242(1), 188-198. Abstract.  Author URL.
Ridgwell A, Zondervan I, Hargreaves JC, Bijma J, Lenton TM (2006). Significant long-term increase of fossil fuel CO2 uptake from reduced marine calcification. Biogeosciences Discussions, 3(6), 1763-1780.

2005

Cameron DR, Lenton TM, Ridgwell AJ, Shepherd JG, Marsh R, Yool A (2005). A factorial analysis of the marine carbon cycle and ocean circulation controls on atmospheric CO<inf>2</inf>. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19(4). Abstract.
Lenton TM (2005). Hamilton and Gaia. In Ridley M (Ed) Narrow Roads of Gene Land - the Collected Papers of W. D. Hamilton. Volume 3 - Last Words, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 257-264.

2004

Adams B, White A, Lenton TM (2004). An analysis of some diverse approaches to modelling terrestrial net primary productivity. Ecological Modelling, 177(3-4), 353-391. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2004). Biotic enhancement of weathering, atmospheric oxygen and carbon dioxide in the Neoproterozoic. Geophysical Research Letters, 31(5). Abstract.
Marsh R, Yool A, Lenton TM, Gulamali MY, Edwards NR, Shepherd JG, Krznaric M, Newhouse S, Cox SJ (2004). Bistability of the thermohaline circulation identified through comprehensive 2-parameter sweeps of an efficient climate model. Climate Dynamics, 23(7-8), 761-777. Abstract.
Bergman NM, Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2004). COPSE: a new model of biogeochemical cycling over phanerozoic time. American Journal of Science, 304(5), 397-437. Abstract.
Lenton TM (2004). Clarifying Gaia: Regulation with or without Natural Selection. In Schneider SH, Miller JR, Crist E, Boston PJ (Eds.) Scientists Debate Gaia: the Next Century, London: MIT Press, 15-25.
Lenton TM, Schellnhuber HJ, Szathmáry E (2004). Climbing the co-evolution ladder. Nature, 431(7011). Author URL.
Lenton TM (2004). Gaia. In Steffen W, Jager J, Matson P, III BM, Oldfield F, Richardson K, Sanderson A, Schellnhuber J, II BLT, Tyson P (Eds.) Global Change and the Earth System: a Planet Under Pressure, Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

2003

Ackland GJ, Clark MA, Lenton TM (2003). Catastrophic desert formation in Daisyworld. J Theor Biol, 223(1), 39-44. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM, Wilkinson DM (2003). Developing the Gaia theory: a response to the criticisms of Kirchner and Volk. Climatic Change, 58(1-2), 1-12.
Huntingford C, Hargreaves JC, Lenton TM, Annan JD (2003). Extent of partial ice cover due to carbon cycle feedback in a zonal energy balance model.  Abstract.
Ganopolski A, Weedon GP, Nienow PW, Wells NC, Ho MW, Lenton TM (2003). Glacial integrative modelling. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 361(1810), 1871-1884. Abstract.
Weedon GP, Ganopolski A, Nienow PW, Wells NC, Ho MW, Lenton TM (2003). Glacial integrative modelling - Discussion. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES, 361(1810), 1883-1884. Author URL.
Lenton TM, Huntingford C (2003). Global terrestrial carbon storage and uncertainties in its temperature sensitivity examined with a simple model. Global Change Biology, 9(10), 1333-1352. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Caldeira KG, Franck SA, Horneck G, Jolly A, Rabbow E, Schellnhuber HJ, Szathmáry E, Westall F, Zavarzin GA, et al (2003). Group Report: Long-term Geosphere-Biosphere Coevolution and Astrobiology. In Schellnhuber H, Crutzen PJ, Clark WC, Claussen M, Held H (Eds.) Earth System Analysis for Sustainability, Dahlem Workshop Report 91, Cambridge, MA: the MIT Press, 111-139.
Lenton TM (2003). It will be the life and death of you.
Adams B, Carr J, Lenton TM, White A (2003). One-dimensional daisyworld: spatial interactions and pattern formation. J Theor Biol, 223(4), 505-513. Abstract.  Author URL.
Handoh IC, Lenton TM (2003). Periodic mid-Cretaceous oceanic anoxic events linked by oscillations of the phosphorus and oxygen biogeochemical cycles. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 17(4), 3-1. Abstract.
Lenton T, Handoh I (2003). Quasi-periodic mid-Cretaceous Oceanic Anoxic Events linked by oscillations of the phosphorus and oxygen cycles. EGS-AGU-EUG Joint Assembly.
Lenton T (2003). School textbook research: the case of geography 1800-2000. GEOGRAPHY, 88, 81-81. Author URL.
Gildor H, Tziperman E, Nienow PW, Shepherd JG, Alley RB, Lawton JH, Mahadevan A, Lenton TM (2003). Sea-ice switches and abrupt climate change. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 361(1810), 1935-1944. Abstract.
Nienow PW, Tziperman E, Shepherd JG, Alley RB, Lawton JH, Mahadevan A, Lenton TM (2003). Sea-ice switches and abrupt climate change - Discussion. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES, 361(1810), 1942-1944. Author URL.
Lenton TM, Team TGENIE (2003). Spanning the spectrum of model complexity with a Grid ENabled Integrated Earth system model (GENIE). EGS-AGU-EUG Joint Assembly.
Lenton TM (2003). The coupled evolution of life and atmospheric oxygen. In Rothschild L, Lister A (Eds.) Evolution on Planet Earth: the Impact of the Physical Environment, London: Academic Press, 35-53.
Lenton TM, Caldeira KG, Szathmáry E (2003). What does history teach us about the major transitions and the role of disturbances in the evolution of life and of the Earth system?. In Schellnhuber H, Crutzen PJ, Clark WC, Claussen M, Held H (Eds.) Earth System Analysis for Sustainability, Dahlem Workshop Report 91, Cambridge, MA: the MIT Press, 29-52.

2002

Lenton TM (2002). Earth as a Self-Regulating System. In Chilek V (Ed) Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Oxford: UNESCO, Eolss Publishers. Author URL.
Lenton TM, Huntingford C (2002). Earth system modelling: development and analysis of an efficient Earth system model. Edinburgh, CEH.
Lenton TM (2002). Gaia Hypothesis. In Holton JR, Pyle J, Curry JA (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, London: Academic Press, 815-820.
Lenton TM (2002). Gaia Hypothesis. In Goudie AS (Ed) Encyclopedia of Global Change, New York: Oxford University Press, 491-495.
Lenton TM, van Oijen M (2002). Gaia as a complex adaptive system. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 357(1421), 683-695. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM, Cannell MGR (2002). Mitigating the rate and extent of global warming. CLIMATIC CHANGE, 52(3), 255-262. Author URL.
Lenton TM, Cannell MGR (2002). Mitigating the rate and extent of global warming: an editorial essay. Climatic Change, 52(3), 255-262. Abstract.
Lenton TM (2002). Testing gaia: the effect of life on earth's habitability and regulation. Climatic Change, 52(4), 409-422. Abstract.

2001

Lenton TM, Von Bloh W (2001). Biotic feedback extends the life span of the biosphere. Geophysical Research Letters, 28(9), 1715-1718. Abstract.
Lenton T (2001). Daisyworld and beyond. Gaia Circular, 4(1), 10-12.
Lenton TM, Lovelock JE (2001). Daisyworld revisited: Quantifying biological effects on planetary self-regulation. Tellus, Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 53(3), 288-305. Abstract.
Lenton T (2001). Introduction to the Gaia Theory. In Guerzoni S, Harding S, Lenton T, Lucchi FR (Eds.) Earth System Science, Siena: University of Siena, 9-29.
Lenton T (2001). Redfield Revisited: What Regulates the Nutrient Balance of the Ocean and the Oxygen Content of the Atmosphere?. In Guerzoni S, Harding S, Lenton T, Lucchi FR (Eds.) Earth System Science, Siena: University of Siena, 143-158.
Lenton TM (2001). The role of land plants, phosphorus weathering and fire in the rise and regulation of atmospheric oxygen. Global Change Biology, 7(6), 613-629. Abstract.

2000

Huntingford C, Cox PM, Lenton TM (2000). Contrasting responses of a simple terrestrial ecosystem model to global change. Ecological Modelling, 134(1), 41-58. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Lovelock JE (2000). Daisyworld is Darwinian: constraints on adaptation are important for planetary self-regulation. J Theor Biol, 206(1), 109-114. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM (2000). Land and ocean carbon cycle feedback effects on global warming in a simple Earth system model. Tellus, Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 52(5), 1159-1188. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2000). Redfield revisited 1. Regulation of nitrate, phosphate, and oxygen in the ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 14(1), 225-248. Abstract.
Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2000). Redfield revisited 2. What regulates the oxygen content of the atmosphere?. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 14(1), 249-268. Abstract.

1999

Lenton T (1999). Gaia comes of age. Clean Air, 29(3), 71-72.
Welsh DT, Viaroli P, Hamilton WD, Lenton TM (1999). Is dmsp synthesis in chlorophycean macro-algae linked to aerial dispersal?. Ethology Ecology and Evolution, 11(3), 265-278. Abstract.
Lenton T (1999). Testing Gaia Theory with Artificial Life. 5th European Conference on Artificial Life.

1998

Lenton TM, Betts RA (1998). From Daisyworld to GCMs: Using Models to Understand the Regulation of Climate. In Boutron C (Ed) ERCA - Volume 3 - from Urban Air Pollution to Extra-Solar Planets, Les Ulis, France: EDP Sciences, 145-167.
Lenton TM (1998). Gaia and natural selection. Nature, 394(6692), 439-447. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lenton TM (1998). Redfield's Green Ocean - a Geophysiological Model of Marine Nitrate, Phosphate and Atmospheric Oxygen Regulation.
Hamilton WD, Lenton TM (1998). Spora and gaia: How microbes fly with their clouds. Ethology Ecology and Evolution, 10(1), 1-16. Abstract.
Lenton T, Berner RA, Tester M, Beerling DJ (1998). The carbon cycle and CO2 over Phanerozoic time: the role of land plants - Discussion. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B - Biological Sciences, 353(1365), 81-82.
Lenton T, Upchurch G, Valdes P, Beerling DJ (1998). Vegetation-atmosphere interactions and their role in global warming during the latest Cretaceous - Discussion. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B - Biological Sciences, 353(1365), 111-112.

1997

Smith MH, Ayers GP, Lenton T (1997). Atmospheric sulphur and cloud condensation nuclei in marine air in the Southern Hemisphere - Discussion. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 352(1350), 211-211. Author URL.
Lenton TM (1997). Gaia needs you!. British Ecological Society Bulletin, 28(3), 189-191.
Lenton TM (1997). Geophysiological Modelling. Stockholm, IGBP.
Lenton TM (1997). La Terre Est Un Ètre Vivant. , 44-46.

1996

Lary DJ, Chipperfield MP, Toumi R, Lenton T (1996). Heterogeneous atmospheric bromine chemistry. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 101(D1), 1489-1504. Author URL.

Timothy_Lenton Details from cache as at 2019-09-16 14:47:17

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External Engagement and Impact

Awards/Honorary fellowships

Holds a Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award 2013


Committee/panel activities

Member of IGBP-AIMES

Contributed to two workshops on Climate Tipping Points convened by the Government Office for Science, and to their Migration and Global Environmental Change Foresight Project.


Media Coverage

Tim was filmed in Greenland and the Amazon for international television series ‘The Tipping Points’ (www.thetippingpoints.com) screening on the Weather Channel (US). (Find out more)

Tim has also featured in a 25 minute one-to-one interview on tipping points screened on VPRO (Netherlands).

Teaching

Office hours

Tuesdays and Thursdays 2pm-3pm.
Please check with Anne Nicholls for availability a.m.nicholls@exeter.ac.uk .

Tim was nominated for 'Best Lecturer' by students in the Teaching Awards 2016:

"He is so well renowned in his field but still down to Earth and humble enough to teach to first years".

"He can communicate difficult biogeochemical systems to BA Geography students and still capture their attentions".

Modules

2019/20


Supervision / Group

Postdoctoral researchers

Postgraduate researchers

  • Joshua Buxton
  • Kirsty Lewis
  • Arwen Nicholson
  • Courtney Quinn
  • Nicholas Walding

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