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Professor Chris Perry

Professor Chris Perry

Chair in Tropical Coastal Geoscience, Director of Research (Physical Geography)


 Amory D431


Amory Building, University of Exeter, Rennes Drive, Exeter, EX4 4RJ , UK


Chris Perry is a Professor in Tropical Coastal Geoscience at the University of Exeter. His research focuses on addressing questions about the response of coral reefs and reef-related landforms, such as coral reef islands, to the impacts of environmental and climatic change. Increasingly this work has been focussed on the consequences of these impacts, and on resultant reef species transitions and biodiversity shifts, for the geo-ecological functions that reefs sustain. These functions include the maintenance of reef structures and reef structural complexity, reef accretion potential and reef-derived sediment supply. Central to addressing these challengers has been the development of two reef status and monitoring tools, ReefBudget and the more recent SedBudget methodologies. Both are census-based and have potential to be integrated with wider reef monitoring programmes. ReefBudget has been designed to generate site-specific estimates of rates of biological carbonate production and erosion from which carbonate budgets can be derived. SedBudget generates estimates of biogenic reef-derived sediment production. These tools have been used to assess the implications of ecological change on reef growth potential and island sediment supply, have underpinned novel assessments of within-country and across region carbonate budget states, and been used to explore the impacts of the 2015-16 bleaching event on reef carbonate budgets.

Chris has previously been involved in extensive work exploring coral reef and reef island development in different regions, and work on reefs associated with more marginal (especially high turbidity) conditions. His interests in reef islands are increasingly focused on the challenges around future habitability under climate change.  

Chris has worked extensively within both the Indo-Pacific (Australia, Chagos, Rodrigues, Mozambique, Maldives) and Caribbean regions (Jamaica, Mexico, Barbados, The Bahamas, Bonaire, Belize), and his research has primarily been funded through the UK Research Councils (specifically NERC), The Bertarelli Foundation, The Leverhulme Trust, The Royal Society, and Nuffield. He has published > 140 peer-reviewed papers and edited book chapters, and co-authored 1 undergraduate textbook.

Broad research specialisms:

Coral reef and reef island geomorphology, tropical marine carbonate production, environmental impacts on coral reef growth, reef and mangrove sediment records of environmental change


BSc Geology (Derby)
PhD Marine Geoscience (Reading)


Research group links

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Research interests

My research addresses questions about the response of coral reefs and reef landforms to environmental and climatic change. Much of my early research was focused on quantifying the process controls on Holocene carbonate sediment and reef framework production and preservation. This work was subsequently extended to encompass the development of high-resolution framework and sedimentary indictors of reef depositional environments and events. My recent research has focused on applied aspects of contemporary reef geomorphology that seeks to address issues associated with the effects of natural and anthropogenic disturbance, and environmental and climatic change on the functioning, stability and sustainability of tropical coastal and shallow marine sedimentary environments. Key areas of on-going research are thus aimed at:

(1) improving understanding of rates of coral reef carbonate production and marine carbonate sediment production;

(2) quantifying the impacts of environmental change on coral reef growth rates;

(3) improving understanding of reef development in more marginal marine settings, and especially in high turbidity coastal settings; and

(4) quantifying rates and timings of coral reef island development.

Research projects

Current funded research:

Quantifying loss of reef coastal protection benefits under ecological change (funded by the Leverhulme Trust)

Building capacity for monitoring the physical functionality and resilience of coral reef ecosystems along the Mesoamerican Reef (funded by a Royal Society - Newton Advanced Research Fellowship).

Understanding changing capacity of central American reefs to sustain their geo-ecological functions (funded by a GCRF Networking Grant GCRFNGR5\1159)

Implications of nutrient flow and feedbacks across the seabird-island-reef system (funded by the Bertarelli Program in Marine Science)

Previous funded major research projects:

2017-2021 Leverhulme Trust. Predicting the significance of fish carbonates to the marine carbonate cycle.

2017-2021 Natural Environment Research Council. Reef refugia out of the shadows: dynamics of marginal coral reef ecosystems over the past 30 million years in the Coral Triangle.

2017-2018. Global Challenges Research Fund: Resilience Foundation scheme. Building Socio-Ecological Resilience to Coral Reef Degradation in the Islands of the Western Indian Ocean.

2016 NERC Urgency (NE/P007694/1) Quantifying ENSO-related bleaching on nearshore, turbid-zone coral reefs: a test of the turbid-zone reef climate change refugia hypothesis.

2016-2017 The Leverhulme Trust. Research Fellowship: Coral reef carbonate production and reef island vulnerability.

2013-2017. Natural Environment Research Council (NE/K003143/1)  Carbonate sediment production by marine fish: quantifying production across carbonate provinces and applications to global marine carbonate modelling.

2013-2016. NERC-ESPA-DFiD: Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation Programme Grant “Sustainable poverty alleviation from coastal ecosystem services (SPACES): Investigating elasticities, feedbacks and tradeoffs”

2012-2016. Natural Environment Research Council (NE/J023329/1) Exploring the hidden shallows: inner-shelf reef growth and future trajectories of reef geomorphic change.

2011-2012. Natural Environment Research Council (NE/J005398/1). Rapid assessments of Cyclone Yasi’s impact on nearshore coral reefs and resultant sediment records of the event.

2010-2013. Natural Environment Research Council (NE/H010092/1). Fish carbonates – their nature and fate within the marine inorganic carbon cycle.

2009-2011. The Leverhulme Trust – International Research Network (F/00426/G). Development of a rapid carbonate budget assessment protocol for coral reefs.

2009-2013. Natural Environment Research Council (NE/G011389/1). Criteria for interpreting carbonate platform drowning histories and resultant diagenetic fabrics: insights from actively subsiding platform margins.

2009-2010. Natural Environment Research Council (NE/G010617/1). The production and fate of fish-derived carbonate crystals in tropical shallow water environments.

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Journal articles

Cornwall CE, Comeau S, Donner SD, Perry C, Dunne J, van Hooidonk R, Ryan JS, Logan CA (2023). Coral adaptive capacity insufficient to halt global transition of coral reefs into net erosion under climate change. Global Change Biology, 29(11), 3010-3018. Abstract.
Cornwall CE, Carlot J, Branson O, Courtney TA, Harvey BP, Perry CT, Andersson AJ, Diaz-Pulido G, Johnson MD, Kennedy E, et al (2023). Crustose coralline algae can contribute more than corals to coral reef carbonate production. Communications Earth & Environment, 4(1).
Lloyd Newman JE, Perry CT, Lange ID (2023). Quantifying endolithic bioerosion rates on remote coral reefs in the Central Indian Ocean. Coral Reefs, 42(5), 1163-1173. Abstract.
Perry CT, Lange ID, Stuhr M (2023). Quantifying reef-derived sediment generation: Introducing the SedBudget methodology to support tropical coastline and island vulnerability studies. Cambridge Prisms Coastal Futures, 1
Lange ID, Perry CT, Stuhr M (2023). Recovery trends of reef carbonate budgets at remote coral atolls 6 years post-bleaching. Limnology and Oceanography, 68(S1), S8-S22. Abstract.
East HK, Johnson JA, Perry CT, Finlay G, Musthag A, Zahir H, Floyd M (2023). Seagrass meadows are important sources of reef island-building sediment. Communications Earth & Environment, 4(1). Abstract.
Ghilardi M, Salter MA, Parravicini V, Ferse SCA, Rixen T, Wild C, Birkicht M, Perry CT, Berry A, Wilson RW, et al (2023). Temperature, species identity and morphological traits predict carbonate excretion and mineralogy in tropical reef fishes. Nature Communications, 14(1). Abstract.
Saintilan N, Horton B, Törnqvist TE, Ashe EL, Khan NS, Schuerch M, Perry C, Kopp RE, Garner GG, Murray N, et al (2023). Widespread retreat of coastal habitat is likely at warming levels above 1.5 °C. Nature, 621(7977), 112-119. Abstract.  Author URL.
Molina-Hernández A, Medellín-Maldonado F, Lange ID, Perry CT, Álvarez-Filip L (2022). Coral reef erosion: in situ measurement on different dead coral substrates on a Caribbean reef. Limnology and Oceanography, 67(12), 2734-2749. Abstract.
Husband E, Perry CT, Lange ID (2022). Estimating rates of coral carbonate production from aerial and archive imagery by applying colony scale conversion metrics. Coral Reefs, 41(4), 1199-1209. Abstract.
Perry CT, Salter MA, Lange ID, Kochan DP, Harborne AR, Graham NAJ (2022). Geo-ecological functions provided by coral reef fishes vary among regions and impact reef carbonate cycling regimes. Ecosphere, 13(12). Abstract.
Lange ID, Molina-Hernández A, Medellín-Maldonado F, Perry CT, Álvarez-Filip L (2022). Structure-from-motion photogrammetry demonstrates variability in coral growth within colonies and across habitats. PLoS ONE, 17(11 November). Abstract.
McWhorter JK, Halloran PR, Roff G, Skirving WJ, Perry CT, Mumby PJ (2022). The importance of 1.5°C warming for the Great Barrier Reef. Global Change Biology, 28(4), 1332-1341. Abstract.
Cornwall CE, Comeau S, Kornder NA, Perry CT, van Hooidonk R, DeCarlo TM, Pratchett MS, Anderson KD, Browne N, Carpenter R, et al (2021). Global declines in coral reef calcium carbonate production under ocean acidification and warming. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 118(21). Abstract.
Pereira-Filho GH, Mendes VR, Perry CT, Shintate GI, Niz WC, Sawakuchi AO, Bastos AC, Giannini PCF, Motta FS, Millo C, et al (2021). Growing at the limit: Reef growth sensitivity to climate and oceanographic changes in the South Western Atlantic. Global and Planetary Change, 201, 103479-103479.
Yarlett RT, Perry CT, Wilson RW (2021). Quantifying production rates and size fractions of parrotfish-derived sediment: a key functional role on Maldivian coral reefs. Ecology and Evolution, 11(22), 16250-16265. Abstract.
Duvat VKE, Magnan AK, Perry CT, Spencer T, Bell JD, Wabnitz CCC, Webb AP, White I, McInnes KL, Gattuso JP, et al (2021). Risks to future atoll habitability from climate-driven environmental changes. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 12(3). Abstract.
Lange ID, Benkwitt CE, McDevitt-Irwin JM, Tietjen KL, Taylor B, Chinkin M, Gunn RL, Palmisciano M, Steyaert M, Wilson B, et al (2021). Wave exposure shapes reef community composition and recovery trajectories at a remote coral atoll. Coral Reefs, 40(6), 1819-1829. Abstract.
Lange ID, Perry CT (2020). A quick, easy and non-invasive method to quantify coral growth rates using photogrammetry and 3D model comparisons. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 11(6), 714-726. Abstract.
Hays GC, Koldewey HJ, Andrzejaczek S, Attrill MJ, Barley S, Bayley DTI, Benkwitt CE, Block B, Schallert RJ, Carlisle AB, et al (2020). A review of a decade of lessons from one of the world’s largest MPAs: conservation gains and key challenges. Marine Biology, 167(11). Abstract.
Perry CT, Morgan KM, Lange ID, Yarlett RT (2020). Bleaching-driven reef community shifts drive pulses of increased reef sediment generation. Royal Society Open Science, 7(4). Abstract.
Hattam C, Evans L, Morrissey K, Hooper T, Young K, Khalid F, Bryant M, Thani A, Slade L, Perry C, et al (2020). Building resilience in practice to support coral communities in the Western Indian Ocean. Environmental Science and Policy, 106, 182-190. Abstract.
Lange ID, Perry CT, Alvarez-Filip L (2020). Carbonate budgets as indicators of functional reef “health”: a critical review of data underpinning census-based methods and current knowledge gaps. Ecological Indicators, 110 Abstract.
Yarlett RT, Perry CT, Wilson RW, Harborne AR (2020). Inter-habitat variability in parrotfish bioerosion rates and grazing pressure on an indian ocean reef platform. Diversity, 12(10), 1-17. Abstract.
East HK, Perry CT, Beetham EP, Kench PS, Liang Y (2020). Modelling reef hydrodynamics and sediment mobility under sea level rise in atoll reef island systems. Global and Planetary Change, 192, 103196-103196.
Salter MA, Rodríguez-Martínez RE, Álvarez-Filip L, Jordán-Dahlgren E, Perry CT (2020). Pelagic Sargassum as an emerging vector of high rate carbonate sediment import to tropical Atlantic coastlines. Global and Planetary Change, 195 Abstract.
Morgan KM, Perry CT, Arthur R, Williams HTP, Smithers SG (2020). Projections of coral cover and habitat change on turbid reefs under future sea-level rise. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 287(1929). Abstract.
Lange ID, Perry CT, Morgan KM, Roche R, Benkwitt CE, Graham NAJ (2020). Site-level variation in parrotfish grazing and bioerosion as a function of species-specific feeding metrics. Diversity, 12(10), 1-16. Abstract.
Winter G, Storlazzi C, Vitousek S, van Dongeren A, McCall R, Hoeke R, Skirving W, Marra J, Reyns J, Aucan J, et al (2020). Steps to Develop Early Warning Systems and Future Scenarios of Storm Wave-Driven Flooding Along Coral Reef-Lined Coasts. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7
Molina-Hernández A, González-Barrios FJ, Perry CT, Álvarez-Filip L (2020). Two decades of carbonate budget change on shifted coral reef assemblages: Are these reefs being locked into low net budget states?: Caribbean reefs carbonate budget trends. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 287(1940). Abstract.
Lange ID, Perry CT (2019). Bleaching impacts on carbonate production in the Chagos Archipelago: influence of functional coral groups on carbonate budget trajectories. Coral Reefs, 38(4), 619-624. Abstract.
Salter MA, Perry CT, Smith AM (2019). Calcium carbonate production by fish in temperate marine environments. Limnology and Oceanography, 64(6), 2755-2770. Abstract.
Perry CT, Salter MA, Morgan KM, Harborne AR (2019). Census estimates of algal and epiphytic carbonate production highlight tropical seagrass meadows as sediment production hotspots. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6(APR). Abstract.
Perry CT, Alvarez-Filip L (2019). Changing geo-ecological functions of coral reefs in the Anthropocene. Functional Ecology, 33(6), 976-988. Abstract.
de Bakker DM, van Duyl FC, Perry CT, Meesters EH (2019). Extreme spatial heterogeneity in carbonate accretion potential on a Caribbean fringing reef linked to local human disturbance gradients. Global Change Biology, 25(12), 4092-4104. Abstract.
Estrada-Saldívar N, Jordán-Dalhgren E, Rodríguez-Martínez RE, Perry C, Alvarez-Filip L (2019). Functional consequences of the long-term decline of reef-building corals in the Caribbean: evidence of across-reef functional convergence. Royal Society Open Science, 6(10), 190298-190298. Abstract.
Johnson JA, Perry CT, Smithers SG, Morgan KM, Woodroffe SA (2019). Reef shallowing is a critical control on benthic foraminiferal assemblage composition on nearshore turbid coral reefs. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 533, 109240-109240.
Yarlett RT, Perry CT, Wilson RW, Philpot KE (2018). Constraining species-size class variability in rates of parrotfish bioerosion on Maldivian coral reefs: implications for regional-scale bioerosion estimates (article). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 590, 155-169. Abstract.
East HK, Perry CT, Kench PS, Liang Y, Gulliver P (2018). Coral Reef Island Initiation and Development Under Higher Than Present Sea Levels. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(20), 11-274. Abstract.
Perry CT, Alvarez-Filip L, Graham NAJ, Mumby PJ, Wilson SK, Kench PS, Manzello DP, Morgan KM, Slangen ABA, Thomson DP, et al (2018). Loss of coral reef growth capacity to track future increases in sea level. Nature, 558(7710), 396-400. Abstract.
Salter MA, Perry CT, Stuart-Smith RD, Edgar GJ, Wilson RW, Harborne AR (2018). Reef fish carbonate production assessments highlight regional variation in sedimentary significance. Geology, 46(8), 699-702. Abstract.
Perry CT, Morgan KM (2017). Bleaching drives collapse in reef carbonate budgets and reef growth potential on southern Maldives reefs. Scientific Reports, 7 Abstract.
Januchowski-Hartley FA, Graham NAJ, Wilson SK, Jennings S, Perry CT (2017). Drivers and predictions of coral reef carbonate budget trajectories. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 284(1847), 20162533-20162533. Abstract.
Morgan KM, Perry CT, Johnson JA, Smithers SG (2017). Nearshore turbid-zone corals exhibit high bleaching tolerance on the Great Barrier Reef following the 2016 ocean warming event. Frontiers in Marine Science, 4(JUL). Abstract.
Johnson JA, Perry CT, Smithers SG, Morgan KM, Santodomingo N, Johnson KG (2017). Palaeoecological records of coral community development on a turbid, nearshore reef complex: baselines for assessing ecological change. Coral Reefs, 36(3), 685-700. Abstract.
Salter MA, Harborne AR, Perry CT, Wilson RW (2017). Phase heterogeneity in carbonate production by marine fish influences their roles in sediment generation and the inorganic carbon cycle. Scientific Reports, 7(1). Abstract.
Perry CT, Morgan KM (2017). Post-bleaching coral community change on southern Maldivian reefs: is there potential for rapid recovery?. Coral Reefs, 36(4), 1189-1194. Abstract.
Perry CT, Morgan KM, Yarlett RT (2017). Reef habitat type and spatial extent as interacting controls on platform-scale carbonate budgets. Frontiers in Marine Science, 4(JUN). Abstract.
Perry C, Kench P, Smithers S, Riegl B, Gulliver P, Daniells J (2017). Terrigenous sediment-dominated reef platform infilling: an unexpected precursor to reef island formation and a test of the reef platform size–island age model in the Pacific. Coral Reefs, 36(3), 1013-1021. Abstract.
East HK, Perry CT, Kench PS, Liang Y (2016). Atoll-scale comparisons of the sedimentary structure of coral reef rim islands, Huvadhu Atoll, Maldives. Journal of Coastal Research, 1(75), 577-581. Abstract.
Daw TM, Hicks CC, Brown K, Chaigneau T, Januchowski-Hartley FA, Cheung WWL, Rosendo S, Crona B, Coulthard S, Sandbrook C, et al (2016). Elasticity in ecosystem services: Exploring the variable relationship between ecosystems and human well-being. Ecology and Society, 21(2). Abstract.
Morgan KM, Perry CT, Smithers SG, Johnson JA, Daniell JJ (2016). Evidence of extensive reef development and high coral cover in nearshore environments: Implications for understanding coral adaptation in turbid settings. Scientific Reports, 6 Abstract.
Murphy GN, Perry CT, Chin P, McCoy C (2016). New approaches to quantifying bioerosion by endolithic sponge populations: applications to the coral reefs of Grand Cayman. Coral Reefs, 35(3), 1109-1121.
Perry CT, Morgan KM, Salter MA (2016). Sediment generation by Halimeda on atoll interior coral reefs of the southern Maldives: a census-based approach for estimating carbonate production by calcareous green algae. Sedimentary Geology, 346, 17-24. Abstract.
Morgan KM, Perry CT, Smithers SG, Johnson JA, Gulliver P (2016). Transitions in coral reef accretion rates linked to intrinsic ecological shifts on turbid-zone nearshore reefs. Geology, 44(12), 995-998. Abstract.
Perry CT, Kench PS, O'Leary MJ, Morgan KM, Januchowski-Hartley F (2015). Linking reef ecology to island building: Parrotfish identified as major producers of island-building sediment in the Maldives. Geology, 43(6), 503-506. Abstract.
Perry CT, Steneck RS, Murphy GN, Kench PS, Edinger EN, Smithers SG, Mumby PJ (2015). Regional-scale dominance of non-framework building corals on Caribbean reefs affects carbonate production and future reef growth. Global Change Biology
Perry CT, Murphy GN, Graham NAJ, Wilson SK, Januchowski-Hartley FA, East HK (2015). Remote coral reefs can sustain high growth potential and may match future sea-level trends. Scientific Reports, 5 Abstract.
Perry CT, Murphy GN, Kench PS, Edinger EN, Smithers SG, Steneck RS, Mumby PJ (2014). Changing dynamics of Caribbean reef carbonate budgets: Emergence of reef bioeroders as critical controls on present and future reef growth potential. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 281(1796). Abstract.
Hepburn LJ, Blanchon P, Murphy G, Cousins L, Perry CT (2014). Community structure and palaeoecological implications of calcareous encrusters on artificial substrates across a Mexican Caribbean reef. Coral Reefs, 34(1), 189-200.
Perry CT, Smithers SG, Kench PS, Pears B (2014). Impacts of Cyclone Yasi on nearshore, terrigenous sediment-dominated reefs of the central Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Geomorphology, 222, 92-105.
Roche RC, Perry CT, Smithers SG, Leng MJ, Grove CA, Sloane HJ, Unsworth CE (2014). Mid-Holocene sea surface conditions and riverine influence on the inshore Great Barrier Reef. Holocene, 24(8), 885-897. Abstract.
Salter MA, Perry CT, Wilson RW (2014). Size fraction analysis of fish-derived carbonates in shallow sub-tropical marine environments and a potentially unrecognised origin for peloidal carbonates. Sedimentary Geology, 314, 17-30. Abstract.
Berkeley A, Perry CT, Smithers SG, Hoon S (2014). Towards a formal description of foraminiferal assemblage formation in shallow-water environments: Qualitative and quantitative concepts. Marine Micropaleontology, 112, 27-38.
Gulliver P, Palmer S, Perry C, Smithers S (2013). Are coral clasts from a turbid near-shore reef environment a suitable material for radiocarbon analysis?. Radiocarbon, 55(2-3), 624-630. Abstract.
Kennedy EV, Perry CT, Halloran PR, Iglesias-Prieto R, Schönberg CHL, Wisshak M, Form AU, Carricart-Ganivet JP, Fine M, Eakin CM, et al (2013). Avoiding coral reef functional collapse requires local and global action. Current Biology, 23(10), 912-918. Abstract.
Browne NK, Smithers SG, Perry CT (2013). Carbonate and terrigenous sediment budgets for two inshore turbid reefs on the central Great Barrier Reef. Marine Geology, 346, 101-123.
Perry CT, Murphy GN, Kench PS, Smithers SG, Edinger EN, Steneck RS, Mumby PJ (2013). Caribbean-wide decline in carbonate production threatens coral reef growth. Nature Communications, 4 Abstract.
Perry CT, Smithers SG, Gulliver P (2013). Rapid vertical accretion on a ‘young’ shore-detached turbid zone reef: Offshore Paluma Shoals, central Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Coral Reefs, 32(4), 1143-1148.
Perry CT, Kench PS, Smithers SG, Yamano H, O'Leary M, Gulliver P (2013). Time scales and modes of reef lagoon infilling in the maldives and controls on the onset of reef island formation. Geology, 41(10), 1111-1114. Abstract.
(2012). A Field-Based Technique for Measuring Sediment Flux on Coral Reefs: Application to Turbid Reefs on the Great Barrier Reef. Journal of Coastal Research, 28(5), 1247-1247.
Browne N, Smithers SG, Perry C (2012). Coral reefs of the turbid inner Great Barrier Reef: a geological perspective on occurrence, composition and growth. Earth-Science Reviews, in press
Perry CT, Edinger EN, Kench PS, Murphy GN, Smithers SG, Steneck RS, Mumby PJ (2012). Estimating rates of biologically driven coral reef framework production and erosion: a new census-based carbonate budget methodology and applications to the reefs of Bonaire. Coral Reefs, 31(3), 853-868. Abstract.
Perry CT, Smithers SG, Gulliver P, Browne NK (2012). Evidence of very rapid reef accretion and reef growth under high turbidity and terrigenous sedimentation. Geology, 40(8), 719-722.
Salter MA, Perry CT, Wilson RW (2012). Production of mud-grade carbonates by marine fish: Crystalline products and their sedimentary significance. Sedimentology
Browne NK, Smithers SG, Perry CT (2012). Spatial and temporal variations in turbidity on two inshore turbid reefs on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Coral Reefs, 32(1), 195-210.
Wilson RW, Reardon EE, Perry CT (2011). A fishy tale - a missing part of the inorganic ocean carbon cycle. Biochemist, 33(3), 30-34. Abstract.
Perry CT, Salter MA, Harborne AR, Crowley SF, Jelks HL, Wilson RW (2011). Fish as major carbonate mud producers and missing components of the tropical carbonate factory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108(10), 3865-3869. Abstract.
Perry CT, Kench PS, Smithers SG, Riegl B, Yamano H, O'Leary MJ (2011). Implications of reef ecosystem change for the stability and maintenance of coral reef islands. Global Change Biology, 17(12), 3679-3696. Abstract.
Roche RC, Perry CT, Johnson KG, Sultana K, Smithers SG, Thompson AA (2011). Mid-Holocene coral community data as baselines for understanding contemporary reef ecological states. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 299(1-2), 159-167.
Perry CT, Smithers SG, Roche RC, Wassenburg J (2011). Recurrent patterns of coral community and sediment facies development through successive phases of Holocene inner-shelf reef growth and decline. Marine Geology, 289(1-4), 60-71.
PERRY CT, SMITHERS SG (2010). Cycles of coral reef ‘turn-on’, rapid growth and ‘turn-off’ over the past 8500 years: a context for understanding modern ecological states and trajectories. Global Change Biology, 17(1), 76-86.
Perry CT, Smithers SG (2010). Evidence for the episodic “turn on” and “turn off” of turbid-zone coral reefs during the late Holocene sea-level highstand. Geology, 38(2), 119-122.
Browne N, Smithers SG, Perry CT (2010). Geomorphology and community structure of Middle Reef, central Great Barrier Reef, Australia: an inner-shelf turbid zone reef subjected to episodic mortality events. Coral Reefs, 26, 683-689.
O'Leary MJ, Perry CT (2010). Holocene reef accretion on the Rodrigues carbonate platform: an alternative to the classic “bucket-fill” model. Geology, 38(9), 855-858.
Palmer SE, Perry CT, Smithers SG, Gulliver P (2010). Internal structure and accretionary history of a nearshore, turbid-zone coral reef: Paluma Shoals, central Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Marine Geology, 276(1-4), 14-29.
Roche RC, Abel RA, Johnson KG, Perry CT (2010). Quantification of porosity in Acropora pulchra (Brook 1891) using X-ray micro-computed tomography techniques. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 396(1), 1-9.
Roche RC, Abel RL, Johnson KG, Perry CT (2010). Spatial variation in porosity and skeletal element characteristics in apical tips of the branching coral Acropora pulchra (Brook 1891). Coral Reefs, 30(1), 195-201.
Berkeley A, Perry CT, Smithers SG, Horton BP, Cundy AB (2009). Foraminiferal biofacies across mangrove-mudflat environments at Cocoa Creek, north Queensland, Australia. Marine Geology, 263(1-4), 64-86.
Perry CT, Berkeley A (2009). Intertidal substrate modification as a result of mangrove planting: Impacts of introduced mangrove species on sediment microfacies characteristics. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 81(2), 225-237.
Perry CT, Smithers SG, Johnson KG (2009). Long-term coral community records from Lugger Shoal on the terrigenous inner-shelf of the central Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Coral Reefs, 28(4), 941-948.
Perry CT, Smithers SG (2009). Stabilisation of intertidal cobbles and gravels by Goniastrea aspera: an analogue for substrate colonisation during marine transgressions?. Coral Reefs, 28(3), 805-806.
Berkeley A, Perry CT, Smithers SG (2009). Taphonomic signatures and patterns of test degradation on tropical, intertidal benthic foraminifera. Marine Micropaleontology, 73(3-4), 148-163.
O'Leary MJ, Perry CT, Beavington-Penney SJ, Turner JR (2009). The significant role of sediment bio-retexturing within a contemporary carbonate platform system: Implications for carbonate microfacies development. Sedimentary Geology, 219(1-4), 169-179.
Perry CT, Smithers SG, Palmer SE, Larcombe P, Johnson KG (2008). 1200 year paleoecological record of coral community development from the terrigenous inner shelf of the Great Barrier Reef. Geology, 36(9), 691-691.
Perry CT, Spencer T, Kench PS (2008). Carbonate budgets and reef production states: a geomorphic perspective on the ecological phase-shift concept. Coral Reefs, 27(4), 853-866.
Perry CT, Berkeley A, Smithers SG (2008). Microfacies characteristics of a tropical, mangrove-fringed shoreline, Cleveland Bay, central Great Barrier Reef, Australia: mangrove sequence development and facies preservation. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 78, 77-97.
Perry CT, Hepburn LJ (2008). Syn-depositional alteration of coral reef framework through bioerosion, encrustation and cementation: Taphonomic signatures of reef accretion and reef depositional events. Earth-Science Reviews, 86(1-4), 106-144.
Berkeley A, Perry CT, Smithers SG, Horton BP (2008). The spatial and vertical distribution of living (stained) benthic foraminifera from a tropical, intertidal environment, north Queensland, Australia. Marine Micropaleontology, 69(2), 240-261.
Berkeley A, Perry CT, Smithers SG, Horton BP, Taylor KG (2007). A review of the ecological and taphonomic controls on foraminiferal assemblage development in intertidal environments. Earth-Science Reviews, 83(3-4), 205-230.
Taylor KG, Perry CT, Greenaway AM, Machent PG (2007). Bacterial iron oxide reduction in a terrigenous sediment-impacted tropical shallow marine carbonate system, north Jamaica. Marine Chemistry, 107(4), 449-463.
Mallela J, Perry CT (2006). Calcium carbonate budgets for two coral reefs affected by different terrestrial runoff regimes, Rio Bueno, Jamaica. Coral Reefs, 26(1), 129-145.
PERRY CT, TAYLOR KG (2006). Inhibition of dissolution within shallow water carbonate sediments: impacts of terrigenous sediment input on syn‐depositional carbonate diagenesis. Sedimentology, 53(3), 495-513. Abstract.
Perry CT, Smithers SG (2006). Taphonomic signatures of turbid-zone reef development: Examples from Paluma Shoals and Lugger Shoal, inshore central Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 242(1-2), 1-20.
Perry CT, Taylor KG, Machent PG (2006). Temporal shifts in reef lagoon sediment composition, Discovery Bay, Jamaica. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 67(1-2), 133-144.
MACDONALD I, PERRY C, LARCOMBE P (2005). Comment on ?Rivers, runoff, and reefs? by McLaughlin et al. [Global Planetary Change 39 (2003) 191?199]. Global and Planetary Change, 45(4), 333-337.
Perry CT, Beavington-Penney SJ (2005). Epiphytic calcium carbonate production and facies development within sub-tropical seagrass beds, Inhaca Island, Mozambique. Sedimentary Geology, 174(3-4), 161-176.
Perry CT (2005). Morphology and occurrence of rhodoliths in siliciclastic, intertidal environments from a high latitude reef setting, southern Mozambique. Coral Reefs, 24(2), 201-207.
Perry CT (2005). Structure and development of detrital reef deposits in turbid nearshore environments, Inhaca Island, Mozambique. Marine Geology, 214(1-3), 143-161.


Perry CT, Harborne AR (2016). Bioerosion on Modern Reefs: Impacts and Responses Under Changing Ecological and Environmental Conditions. In  (Ed) Coral Reefs of the World, Springer Netherlands, 69-101.
Perry CT (2010). Carbonate budgets and reef framework accumulation. In  (Ed) Encyclopaedia of Modern Coral Reefs, Springer-Verlag, 185-190.
Kench PS, Perry CT, Spencer T (2010). Coral Reefs. In  (Ed) Geomorphology and Global Environmental Change: Landscape Scale Implications, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 180-213.
Perry CT (2010). Holocene high energy window. In Hopley D (Ed) Encyclopaedia of Modern Coral Reefs, Springer-Verlag, 558-561.
Perry CT (2010). Turbid-zone and terrigenous sediment-influenced reefs. In  (Ed) Encyclopaedia of Modern Coral Reefs, Springer-Verlag, 1110-1120.

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External Engagement and Impact

Committee/panel activities

2016 - 2020 Editorial Board Member - Nature Scientific Reports

2013 - present  Member, Natural Environment Research Council, Peer Review College

2013 – 2016  Geological Editor – Coral Reefs

2009 – 2014   Coordinator, Leverhulme Trust International Research Network ‘Developing rapid carbonate budget assessment protocols for coral reefs’

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Usual term time office hours (exceptions below):

In office: please book time slot using this LINK )

Online: please book time slot using this LINK )

Please note I am away overseas from Monday 4th March until the end of Term. 



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Supervision / Group

Postdoctoral researchers

  • Didier De Bakker
  • Ines Lange Coral reef condition in the Chagos Archipelago
  • Kyle Morgan Inner-shelf reef growth and modelled future trajectories of reef geomorphic change. NERC funded
  • Michael Salter Quantifying carbonate production by marine fish across temperate to tropical marien gradients
  • Alice Webb

Postgraduate researchers

  • Francesca Hale
  • Sarah Holmes
  • Jake Lloyd Newman
  • Julia Rodriguez Fillol
  • Robert Yarlett 'Quantifying Contributions of Fish to Coral Reef Carbonate Cycling and Modelled Responses to Environmental Change' - NERC Studentship


  • Fraser Hartley Linking reef biophysical processes to ecosystem services in East Africa. NERC-ESPA-DFiD funded

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Office Hours:

In office: please book time slot using this LINK )

Online: please book time slot using this LINK )

Please note I am away overseas from Monday 4th March until the end of Term. 

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