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 Emily Strong

Emily Strong

PhD student

 Environment and Sustainability Institute 


Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter, Penryn Campus, Penryn, Cornwall, TR10 9FE, UK


I am a PhD student based at the Environment and Sustainability Institute (ESI) at the University of Exeter and working in partnership with the Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust (WWT). My PhD research is focussed on the environmental and social dynamics of lead ammunition use in the UK.

Despite growing concern over the use of lead ammunition and it’s impacts on the environment, wildlife, and human health, lead is still widely used for game shooting in the UK and internationally. My research aims to integrate both natural and social science methods to understand differences in the use, distribution and impacts of lead and non-toxic ammunition on the environment, as well as investigating the social processes underpinning the transition from lead to non-toxic alternatives.


2017 MSc Conservation & Biodiversity (University of Exeter)
2016 BSc Zoology (University of Aberdeen)


Prior to starting my PhD, I worked as a Researcher in Ecosystem Health and Social Dimensions at the Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust (WWT), where I worked on projects relating to lead poisoning, avian influenza, and the impact of wetland landscapes on people’s health & wellbeing.

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Research interests

My research interests lie in understanding the environmental and social factors underpinning conservation conflicts. I am particularly interested in how interdisciplinary approaches may be used to address conservation challenges and inform effective management and policy decisions.

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Journal articles

Strong EA, Redpath SM, Montràs-Janer T, Elmberg J, Mansson J (2021). Seeking greener pastures: Crop selection by Greylag Geese (Anser anser) during the moulting season. Ornis Fennica, 98(1), 16-32. Abstract.
Muir A, Ellis M, Blake DP, Chantrey J, Strong EA, Reeves JP, Cromie RL (2020). <i>Sarcocystis rileyi</i> in UK free‐living wildfowl (Anatidae): surveillance, histopathology and first molecular characterisation. Veterinary Record, 186(6), 186-186. Abstract.
Newth JL, Lawrence A, Cromie RL, Swift JA, Rees EC, Wood KA, Strong EA, Reeves J, McDonald RA (2019). Perspectives of ammunition users on the use of lead ammunition and its potential impacts on wildlife and humans. People and Nature, 1(3), 347-361. Abstract.
Reeves JP, Knight AT, Strong EA, Heng V, Neale C, Cromie R, Vercammen A (2019). The Application of Wearable Technology to Quantify Health and Wellbeing Co-benefits from Urban Wetlands. Frontiers in Psychology, 10
Cromie R, Newth J, Strong E (2019). Transitioning to non-toxic ammunition: Making change happen. Ambio, 48(9), 1079-1096.
Maund, Irvine, Reeves, Strong, Cromie, Dallimer, Davies (2019). Wetlands for Wellbeing: Piloting a Nature-Based Health Intervention for the Management of Anxiety and Depression. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(22), 4413-4413. Abstract.

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