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Dr James Dyke

Dr James Dyke

Senior Lecturer Global Systems

 3330

 Laver Building 801e

 

Laver Building, University of Exeter, North Park Road, Exeter, EX4 4QE, UK

 Office hours:

2019-20

For Term 2 I have two office hour sessions. 

  • The first session is in my office in Laver Building 801e on Tuesday afternoons. Please click here to book a slot
  • The second session is Friday mornings 9am-11am online at Skype (my username is jgdyke) or Zoom (access Zoom here).

Overview

I’m fascinated by the Earth system, how life emerged and evolved on it, and what that meant for the development of the planet. My current research explores how we interact with the Earth and how such interactions will affect humans now and potentially far into the future.

My doctoral research was on Daisyworld which is a model of a simple biosphere that regulates surface temperature. Daisyworld was originally intended to explore notions of Gaian homeostasis or planetary self regulation. My postdoctoral research was carried out at the Max-Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry as part of an International astrobiology project where I explored how surface life interacts with various planetary processes. I took up a lectureship at the Institute of Complex Systems Simulation at the University of Southampton which allowed me to continue my interests in co-evolving system. I then transferred to the School of Geography & Environmental Science and led undergraduate and postgraduate sustainability research and teaching.

I joined the University of Exeter in 2018 and am currently focused on developing new postgraduate teaching and research for the new Global Systems Institute (GSI).

Broad research specialisms:

My approach is to conceptualise different systems as (simple) models and explore their behaviour and dynamics through analysis and more often simulation using computational methods.

Keywords: Agent based modelling, artificial life, biogeography, complex systems, Earth systems modelling, Gaia, geophysics, food security, migration.

Qualifications

Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice 2015.
DPhil Informatics 2009.
MSc Evolutionary & Adaptive Systems 2005.
BA (hons) Philosophy 1995

Website
www.jamesgdyke.info

Research group links

Research

Research interests

Complex systems, Earth system science, Gaia theory, sustainability science.

Research Groups & External Responsibilities:

Member of Earth Systems Science group.
Visiting Fellow of School of Geography & Environment, University of Southampton.

Research projects

Current Projects:
Emergence, persistence and collapse of regulating states in complex ecosystems.
Representing humans in Earth systems models.

Research networks

LOOPS: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Stockholm Resilience Centre.

Links


Publications

Key publications | Publications by category | Publications by year

Publications by category


Journal articles

Dyke J (In Press). Young People's Burden: Requirement of Negative CO<sub>2</sub> Emissions.
Armstrong McKay DI, Dearing JA, Dyke JG, Poppy GM, Firbank LG (2019). To what extent has sustainable intensification in England been achieved?. Science of the Total Environment, 648, 1560-1569. Abstract.
Dobbie S, Schreckenberg K, Dyke JG, Schaafsma M, Balbi S (2018). Agent-based modelling to assess community food security and sustainable livelihoods. JASSS, 21(1). Abstract.
Lenton TM, Daines SJ, Dyke JG, Nicholson AE, Wilkinson DM, Williams HTP (2018). Selection for Gaia across Multiple Scales. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 33(8), 633-645. Abstract.  Full text.
Abram JJ, Dyke JG (2018). Structural Loop Analysis of Complex Ecological Systems. Ecological Economics, 154, 333-342. Abstract.
Donges JF, Winkelmann R, Lucht W, Cornell SE, Dyke JG, Rockström J, Heitzig J, Schellnhuber HJ (2017). Closing the loop: Reconnecting human dynamics to Earth System science. Anthropocene Review, 4(2), 151-157. Abstract.
Speelman LH, Nicholls RJ, Dyke J (2017). Contemporary migration intentions in the Maldives: the role of environmental and other factors. Sustainability Science, 12(3), 433-451. Abstract.
Doncaster CP, Tavoni A, Dyke JG (2017). Using Adaptation Insurance to Incentivize Climate-change Mitigation. Ecological Economics, 135, 246-258. Abstract.
Doncaster CP, Chávez VA, Viguier C, Wang R, Zhang E, Dong X, Dearing JA, Langdon PG, Dyke JG (2016). Early warning of critical transitions in biodiversity from compositional disorder. Ecology, 97(11), 3079-3090. Abstract.
Verburg PH, Dearing JA, Dyke JG, Leeuw SVD, Seitzinger S, Steffen W, Syvitski J (2016). Methods and approaches to modelling the Anthropocene. Global Environmental Change, 39, 328-340.
Dearing JA, Wang R, Zhang K, Dyke JG, Haberl H, Hossain MS, Langdon PG, Lenton TM, Raworth K, Brown S, et al (2014). Safe and just operating spaces for regional social-ecological systems. GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE-HUMAN AND POLICY DIMENSIONS, 28, 227-238. Author URL.
Dyke JG, Weaver IS (2013). The Emergence of Environmental Homeostasis in Complex Ecosystems. PLoS Computational Biology, 9(5). Abstract.
Linder PH, Bykova O, Dyke J, Etienne RS, Hickler T, Kühn I, Marion G, Ohlemüller R, Schymanski SJ, Singer A, et al (2012). Biotic modifiers, environmental modulation and species distribution models. Journal of Biogeography, 39(12), 2179-2190. Abstract.
Hartig F, Dyke J, Hickler T, Higgins SI, O’Hara RB, Scheiter S, Huth A (2012). Connecting dynamic vegetation models to data - an inverse perspective. Journal of Biogeography, 39(12), 2240-2252.
Weaver IS, Dyke JG (2012). The importance of timescales for the emergence of environmental self-regulation. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 313, 172-180. Abstract.
Bohn K, Dyke JG, Pavlick R, Reineking B, Reu B, Kleidon A (2011). The relative importance of seed competition, resource competition and perturbations on community structure. Biogeosciences, 8(5), 1107-1120. Abstract.
Reu B, Proulx R, Bohn K, Dyke JG, Kleidon A, Pavlick R, Schmidtlein S (2011). The role of climate and plant functional trade-offs in shaping global biome and biodiversity patterns. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 20(4), 570-581. Abstract.
Dyke JG, Gans F, Kleidon A (2011). Towards understanding how surface life can affect interior geological processes: a non-equilibrium thermodynamics approach. Earth System Dynamics, 2(1), 139-160. Abstract.
Dyke JG, Gans F, Kleidon A (2010). Assessing life's effects on the interior dynamics of planet Earth using non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Earth System Dynamics, 1(1), 191-246. Abstract.
Dyke J, Kleidon A (2010). The maximum entropy production principle: its theoretical foundations and applications to the earth system. Entropy, 12(3), 613-630. Abstract.
Wood AJ, Ackland GJ, Dyke JG, Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2008). Daisyworld: a review. REVIEWS OF GEOPHYSICS, 46(1). Author URL.
McDonald-Gibson J, Dyke JG, Di Paolo EA, Harvey IR (2008). Environmental regulation can arise under minimal assumptions. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 251(4), 653-666. Abstract.

Chapters

Weaver IS, Dyke JG (2013). A novel approach to analysing fixed points in complex systems. In  (Ed) Springer Proceedings in Complexity, 523-533.  Abstract.

Conferences

Dyke J (2010). The daisystat: a model to explore multidimensional homeostasis.  Abstract.
Dyke JG (2008). Entropy production in an energy balance Daisyworld model.  Abstract.
Dyke J, McDonald-Gibson J, Di Paolo E, Harvey I (2007). Increasing complexity can increase stability in a self-regulating ecosystem.  Abstract.
Dyke J, Harvey I (2005). Hysteresis and the limits of homeostasis: from daisyworld to phototaxis.  Abstract.

Publications by year


In Press

Dyke J (In Press). Young People's Burden: Requirement of Negative CO<sub>2</sub> Emissions.

2019

Armstrong McKay DI, Dearing JA, Dyke JG, Poppy GM, Firbank LG (2019). To what extent has sustainable intensification in England been achieved?. Science of the Total Environment, 648, 1560-1569. Abstract.

2018

Dobbie S, Schreckenberg K, Dyke JG, Schaafsma M, Balbi S (2018). Agent-based modelling to assess community food security and sustainable livelihoods. JASSS, 21(1). Abstract.
Lenton TM, Daines SJ, Dyke JG, Nicholson AE, Wilkinson DM, Williams HTP (2018). Selection for Gaia across Multiple Scales. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 33(8), 633-645. Abstract.  Full text.
Abram JJ, Dyke JG (2018). Structural Loop Analysis of Complex Ecological Systems. Ecological Economics, 154, 333-342. Abstract.

2017

Donges JF, Winkelmann R, Lucht W, Cornell SE, Dyke JG, Rockström J, Heitzig J, Schellnhuber HJ (2017). Closing the loop: Reconnecting human dynamics to Earth System science. Anthropocene Review, 4(2), 151-157. Abstract.
Speelman LH, Nicholls RJ, Dyke J (2017). Contemporary migration intentions in the Maldives: the role of environmental and other factors. Sustainability Science, 12(3), 433-451. Abstract.
Doncaster CP, Tavoni A, Dyke JG (2017). Using Adaptation Insurance to Incentivize Climate-change Mitigation. Ecological Economics, 135, 246-258. Abstract.

2016

Doncaster CP, Chávez VA, Viguier C, Wang R, Zhang E, Dong X, Dearing JA, Langdon PG, Dyke JG (2016). Early warning of critical transitions in biodiversity from compositional disorder. Ecology, 97(11), 3079-3090. Abstract.
Verburg PH, Dearing JA, Dyke JG, Leeuw SVD, Seitzinger S, Steffen W, Syvitski J (2016). Methods and approaches to modelling the Anthropocene. Global Environmental Change, 39, 328-340.

2014

Dearing JA, Wang R, Zhang K, Dyke JG, Haberl H, Hossain MS, Langdon PG, Lenton TM, Raworth K, Brown S, et al (2014). Safe and just operating spaces for regional social-ecological systems. GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE-HUMAN AND POLICY DIMENSIONS, 28, 227-238. Author URL.

2013

Weaver IS, Dyke JG (2013). A novel approach to analysing fixed points in complex systems. In  (Ed) Springer Proceedings in Complexity, 523-533.  Abstract.
Dyke JG, Weaver IS (2013). The Emergence of Environmental Homeostasis in Complex Ecosystems. PLoS Computational Biology, 9(5). Abstract.

2012

Linder PH, Bykova O, Dyke J, Etienne RS, Hickler T, Kühn I, Marion G, Ohlemüller R, Schymanski SJ, Singer A, et al (2012). Biotic modifiers, environmental modulation and species distribution models. Journal of Biogeography, 39(12), 2179-2190. Abstract.
Hartig F, Dyke J, Hickler T, Higgins SI, O’Hara RB, Scheiter S, Huth A (2012). Connecting dynamic vegetation models to data - an inverse perspective. Journal of Biogeography, 39(12), 2240-2252.
Weaver IS, Dyke JG (2012). The importance of timescales for the emergence of environmental self-regulation. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 313, 172-180. Abstract.

2011

Bohn K, Dyke JG, Pavlick R, Reineking B, Reu B, Kleidon A (2011). The relative importance of seed competition, resource competition and perturbations on community structure. Biogeosciences, 8(5), 1107-1120. Abstract.
Reu B, Proulx R, Bohn K, Dyke JG, Kleidon A, Pavlick R, Schmidtlein S (2011). The role of climate and plant functional trade-offs in shaping global biome and biodiversity patterns. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 20(4), 570-581. Abstract.
Dyke JG, Gans F, Kleidon A (2011). Towards understanding how surface life can affect interior geological processes: a non-equilibrium thermodynamics approach. Earth System Dynamics, 2(1), 139-160. Abstract.

2010

Dyke JG, Gans F, Kleidon A (2010). Assessing life's effects on the interior dynamics of planet Earth using non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Earth System Dynamics, 1(1), 191-246. Abstract.
Dyke J (2010). The daisystat: a model to explore multidimensional homeostasis.  Abstract.
Dyke J, Kleidon A (2010). The maximum entropy production principle: its theoretical foundations and applications to the earth system. Entropy, 12(3), 613-630. Abstract.

2008

Wood AJ, Ackland GJ, Dyke JG, Williams HTP, Lenton TM (2008). Daisyworld: a review. REVIEWS OF GEOPHYSICS, 46(1). Author URL.
Dyke JG (2008). Entropy production in an energy balance Daisyworld model.  Abstract.
McDonald-Gibson J, Dyke JG, Di Paolo EA, Harvey IR (2008). Environmental regulation can arise under minimal assumptions. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 251(4), 653-666. Abstract.

2007

Dyke J, McDonald-Gibson J, Di Paolo E, Harvey I (2007). Increasing complexity can increase stability in a self-regulating ecosystem.  Abstract.

2005

Dyke J, Harvey I (2005). Hysteresis and the limits of homeostasis: from daisyworld to phototaxis.  Abstract.

James_Dyke Details from cache as at 2020-04-05 19:45:34

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External Engagement and Impact

Editorial responsibilities

Editor for EGU journal Earth Systems Dynamics.
Review editor for Frontiers of AI and Robotics.
Special edition editor for journal Entropy.


External positions

Fellow of Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce.
Fellow of Higher Education Academy.


Other

Member of EU peer review college.
Member of European Geophysical Union.
Columnist i paper, contributor to Independent, Guardian, The Ecologist, Quartz Magazine, World Politics Daily, and The Conversation.

Supervision / Group

Postgraduate researchers

  • Ruth Buckley Salmon researching meat consumption reduction policies for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Alex Stokes Complex adaptive societies and their management of common pool resources.

Alumni

  • Dr Joe Abram 2018 PhD thesis “An Evaluation of Structural Loop Analysis on Dynamic Models of Ecological and Socio-Ecological Systems”.
  • Dr Simon Alderton 2012 PhD thesis “Simulating sleeping sickness: a multi-host agent based model approach”.
  • Dr Iain Weaver 2014 PhD thesis “Macroscopic principles for the self-organisation of complex ecosystems”.

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