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The need to cut fossil fuel emissions has never been more urgent. 

Scientists say Earth is ‘unequivocally’ in midst of climate emergency

Earth’s vital signs have worsened to the point that “humanity is unequivocally facing a climate emergency”, according to an international coalition of researchers.

Their report, published in the journal BioScience, notes that 16 of 35 planetary vital signs the authors use to track climate change are at record extremes.

The authors share new data illustrating increasing frequency of extreme heat events, rising global tree-cover loss because of fires, and a greater prevalence of the mosquito-borne dengue virus.

They also note large increases in fossil fuel energy consumption following COVID-19 pandemic shutdowns – despite an upswing in commitments for fossil fuel divestment – and a rise in atmospheric carbon dioxide levels to 418 parts per million, the highest on record.

Professor William Ripple, from the Oregon State University (OSU) College of Forestry, and postdoctoral researcher Christopher Wolf are the lead authors of the report, and 10 other global scientists – including Professor Tim Lenton from the University of Exeter – are co-authors.

The report comes five years after the “World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity: A Second Notice” published by Ripple and co-signed by more than 15,000 scientists in 184 countries.

“As we can see by the annual surges in climate disasters, we are now in the midst of a major climate crisis, with far worse to come if we keep doing things the way we’ve been doing them,” Wolf said.

“We implore our fellow scientists to join us in advocating for research-based approaches to climate and environmental decision-making.”

Other co-authors of the report are from UCLA, the University of Sydney, Independent University Bangladesh, the University of Cambridge, the University of Exeter, Bezos Earth Fund and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research.

“Climate change is not a standalone issue,” said report co-author Professor Lenton, Director of Exeter's Global Systems Institute.

“It is part of a larger systemic problem of ecological overshoot, where human demand is exceeding the regenerative capacity of the biosphere.

"To avoid more untold human suffering, we need to protect nature, stop fossil fuel emissions, and tackle social injustice by supporting those that are most vulnerable to the escalating disruption of our life-support system.”

The report points out that in the three decades since more than 1,700 scientists signed the original “World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity” in 1992, global greenhouse gas emissions have increased by 40%.

“As Earth’s temperatures are creeping up, the frequency or magnitude of some types of climate disasters may actually be leaping up,” said the University of Sydney’s Thomas Newsome. “We urge our fellow scientists around the world to speak out on climate change.”

Ongoing work to spur climate change action by scientists around the world is chronicled in a new 35-minute documentary film “The Scientist’s Warning.”

The film, by Oregon State Productions, is now available for free online viewing following its October 14 premiere at the Newport Beach Film Festival in Newport Beach, California.

“The Scientist’s Warning” also chronicles Ripple’s personal journey: from a rural, low-income childhood in South Dakota in the 1950s to becoming an ecologist in Yellowstone to assuming a role as a global advocate for using science to make informed policy decisions.

“Look at all of these fires, floods and massive storms,” Ripple said. “The spectre of climate change is at the door and pounding hard.”

Date: 26 October 2022

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